Cell and Cell Compositions

Cell and Cell Compositions PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Cell and Cell Compositions

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1. ?????????????????????????? (Cell and Cell Compositions)

2. ?????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????? ???????? ??????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

3. ???????????????????????????? Nucleus Cytoplasm Cell membrane

4. Nucleus ??????? Organelle ????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????? ????? Nucleus ???????????????????????????????????(Gene)????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

5. Cytoplasm ??????? ?????????????????????????????????? ?????? Nucleus

6. Plasma Membrane ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????-????????? ?????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????

7. ???????????????????? 1 ???????????? ????????????? 2. ???????????? ????????????

8. ???????????????????????? ???????????????????? 60 ????????????? ??????????????????????????? 2 ???? ?????????????????????? 1. Intracellular fluid ( ICF )

9. 2. Extracellular fluid ( ECF)

10. Extracellular Fluid ??????????? Blood plasma ???????? 5 ????????????? Interstitial fluid ???????? 15 ????????????? Transcellular fluid ???????? 1–3 ?????????????

11. Total body water

12. ?????????????????????????????

13. Homeostasis Control System ??????????????????????????? ?????????? 3 ???????? ? ?????? ?????????(detector or sensor) ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? (set or reference point) ????????????????????????????????????????????? (stimulus) ???????????????????????????????????????????????(integrating center) ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????? (effector) ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????? (steady state) ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????? reflex ????????????????

15. ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????-???????? ????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????? ????? ??????????????? ??????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????? ???????? ??????????????????????????“Fluid Mosaic Model”

17. ??????????????????????-???????? Passive transport Simple diffusion Facilitated diffusion Osmosis Active transport Primary active transport Secondary active transport Endocytosis, Exocytosis

22. Active transport

24. Secondary active transport

25. Endocytosis ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? cytoplasm ???????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????? cytoplasm (?????????????pinocytosis, ????????????? phagocytosis)

26. Exocytosis ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

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