Accident prevention
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ACCIDENT PREVENTION. FORESEEABILITY. ANTICIPATE A DISASTER DEVELOP A PLAN TO MINIMIZE IT’S EFFECT. FORESEEABILITY. FACTORS REQUIRED FOR DAMAGE SUSCEPTABLE HOST ENVIRONMENT DAMAGE AGENT (USUALLY ENERGY) PRESENCE DAMAGING DOSE. HUMAN HOST SUSCEPTIBILITY. PHYSICAL STRENGTH

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Presentation Transcript

Foreseeability l.jpg
FORESEEABILITY

  • ANTICIPATE A DISASTER

  • DEVELOP A PLAN TO MINIMIZE IT’S EFFECT


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FORESEEABILITY

  • FACTORS REQUIRED FOR DAMAGE

    • SUSCEPTABLE HOST

    • ENVIRONMENT

    • DAMAGE AGENT (USUALLY ENERGY)

      • PRESENCE

      • DAMAGING DOSE


Human host susceptibility l.jpg
HUMAN HOST SUSCEPTIBILITY

  • PHYSICAL

    • STRENGTH

    • MANUAL DEXTERITY

    • HEIGHT

    • WEIGHT

    • PERCEPTUAL ABILITY

    • SEX


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HUMAN HOST SUSCEPTIBILITY

  • PSYCHOLOGICAL

    • KNOWLEDGE

    • PERCEPTION

    • ATTITUDE

    • BEHAVIOR

    • EGO CENTRICITY


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ACTION OF DAMAGE AGENTS

  • TRANSFER OF ENERGY IN EXCESS OF DAMAGE THRESHOLD

  • BUMPS -> BRUISES -> BREAKS


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ACTION OF DAMAGE AGENTS

  • INTERFERENCE WITH NORMAL EXCHANGE OF ENERGY

    • MECHANICAL ENERGY

      • TRANSFER

        • BY PERSON OR OBJECT FALLING DOWN

        • BY OBJECT FALLING ON PERSON OR OTHER OBJECT

        • BY PERON OR OBJECT RUNNING INTO OBSTRUCTION


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ACTION OF DAMAGE AGENTS

  • INTERFERENCE WITH NORMAL EXCHANGE OF ENERGY

    • MECHANICAL ENERGY

      • TRANSFER

        • BY ENERGY STRIKING PERSON

          • VESSEL UNDER PRESSURE OR VACUUM

          • SPRINGS


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ACTION OF DAMAGE AGENTS

  • INTERFERENCE WITH NORMAL EXCHANGE OF ENERGY

    • MECHANICAL ENERGY

      • TRANSFER

        • RELEASE OF ENERGY IN MOTION

          • PINCH POINTS

          • CATCH POINTS

          • SQUEEZE POINTS

          • RUN-IN POINTS


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ACTION OF DAMAGE AGENTS

  • ELECTRICAL ENERGY

  • BIOLOGICAL OR MICRO

    BIOLOGICAL ORGANISMS

    • CHEMICALS

    • THERMAL ENERGY (NON-FIRE)

    • FIRE


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ACTION OF DAMAGE AGENTS

  • RADIATION

    • INFRARED

    • ULTRA VIOLET

    • IONIZING

      • 

      • 

      • 


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CONTROL MEASURES

  • PREVENT OR LIMIT DAMAGE FROM ENERGY OR ENERGY TRANSFER

  • PREVENT ACCUMULATION OF HAZARDOUS AMOUNTS OF ENERGY

    • LIMIT SPEED

    • LIMIT ELECTRICAL VOLTAGE, CURRENT

    • LIMIT CHEMICAL QUANTITIES

      • IN USE

      • IN STORAGE


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CONTROL MEASURES

  • PREVENT OR MODIFY RELEASE OF ENERGY

    • BOTTLE CARRIERS

    • FIRE PROOF CANS

    • FUSES: ELECTICAL, MECHANICAL


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CONTROL MEASURES

  • PROVIDE TIME OR SPACE SEPARATION BETWEEN ENERGY AND HOST

    • DISTANCE

    • CAGES

    • LOCK OUT / TAG OUT

    • EXPOSURE MONITORING


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CONTROL MEASURES

  • BARRIERS TO BLOCK OR ATTENUATE ENERGY TRANSFER

    • BARRIERS

    • SHIELDING

    • PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT


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CONTROL MEASURES

  • RAISE THRESHOLD TO PREVENT AND/OR REDUCE DAMAGE

    • PHYSICAL CONDITIONING

    • IMMUNIZATION

    • ACCLIMATIZATION

    • TRAINING


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PROVIDE EMERGENCY RESPONSE

  • TRAINING

    • CPR

    • FIRST AID

    • MSDS

    • STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

    • LAB PROCEDURES


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PROVIDE EMERGENCY RESPONSE

  • PLANNING

    • FIRE

      • 911

      • EVACUATE

        • (DO NOT ATTEMPT TO CONTROL A FIRE UNLESS YOU ARE TRAINED IN FIRE SUPPRESSION)

    • MEDICAL

      • 911

      • FIRST AID


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PROVIDE EMERGENCY RESPONSE

  • SPILLS

    • 911

    • EVACUATE

    • DELUGE SHOWER

    • EYEWASH


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PROVIDE EMERGENCY RESPONSE

  • CLEAN UP

    • VENTILATE

    • NEUTRALIZE

    • ABSORB

  • DISPOSAL

    • HAZARDOUS WASTE

    • NON-HAZARDOUS WASTE



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