Reactivity series
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Reactivity series. Reactions of metals with oxygen. METAL + OXYGEN METAL OXIDE. Copy and complete the following reactions: Magnesium + oxygen Copper + oxygen Calcium + oxygen Iron + oxygen.

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Reactivity series

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Reactivity series

Reactivity series


Reactions of metals with oxygen

Reactions of metals with oxygen

METAL + OXYGEN METAL OXIDE

  • Copy and complete the following reactions:

  • Magnesium + oxygen

  • Copper + oxygen

  • Calcium + oxygen

  • Iron + oxygen

When a metal reacts with oxygen it will form a METAL OXIDE. This is what happens when a metal rusts. We can make this reaction happen quicker by burning the metal.


Reactions of metals with water

Reactions of metals with water

METAL + WATER METAL OXIDE + HYDROGEN

METAL + WATERMETAL HYDROXIDE + HYDROGEN

  • Copy and complete the following reactions:

  • Sodium + water

  • Potassium + water

  • Calcium + water

  • Iron + steam

When a metal reacts with water hydrogen is always given off. The other product will be either a metal hydroxide or a metal oxide.


Reactions of metals with acids

Reactions of metals with acids

METAL + ACID SALT + HYDROGEN

e.g. magnesium + hydrochloric acid magnesium chloride + hydrogen

  • Copy and complete the following reactions:

  • Calcium + hydrochloric acid

  • Zinc + hydrochloric acid

  • Iron + hydrochloric acid

  • Lithium + sulphuric acid

When a metal reacts with an acid it gives off hydrogen (which can be “popped” using a lit splint). The other product is a salt.


Complete the following reactions

Complete the following reactions:

  • Lithium + water

  • Lithium + hydrochloric acid

  • Silver + oxygen

  • Magnesium + sulphuric acid

  • Potassium + oxygen

  • Aluminium + oxygen

  • Manganese + water

  • Sodium + sulphuric acid

  • Lithium + oxygen

  • Nickel + hydrochloric acid

Lithium hydroxide + hydrogen

Lithium chloride + hydrogen

Silver oxide

Magnesium sulphate + hydrogen

Potassium oxide

Aluminium oxide

Manganese oxide + hydrogen

Sodium sulphate + hydrogen

Lithium oxide

Nickel chloride + hydrogen


An example question on reactivity

An example question on reactivity


The reactivity series

The Reactivity Series

Increasing reactivity

Potassium

Sodium

Calcium

Magnesium

Aluminium

Carbon

Zinc

Iron

Lead

Copper

Silver

Gold

The Reactivity Series lists metals in order of reactivity:


Reactivity series

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