Reactivity series. Reactions of metals with oxygen. METAL + OXYGEN METAL OXIDE. Copy and complete the following reactions: Magnesium + oxygen Copper + oxygen Calcium + oxygen Iron + oxygen.
METAL + OXYGEN METAL OXIDE
When a metal reacts with oxygen it will form a METAL OXIDE. This is what happens when a metal rusts. We can make this reaction happen quicker by burning the metal.
METAL + WATER METAL OXIDE + HYDROGEN
METAL + WATER METAL HYDROXIDE + HYDROGEN
When a metal reacts with water hydrogen is always given off. The other product will be either a metal hydroxide or a metal oxide.
METAL + ACID SALT + HYDROGEN
e.g. magnesium + hydrochloric acid magnesium chloride + hydrogen
When a metal reacts with an acid it gives off hydrogen (which can be “popped” using a lit splint). The other product is a salt.
Lithium hydroxide + hydrogen
Lithium chloride + hydrogen
Magnesium sulphate + hydrogen
Manganese oxide + hydrogen
Sodium sulphate + hydrogen
Nickel chloride + hydrogen
The Reactivity Series lists metals in order of reactivity:
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