Pilot project of a solidarity contribution on plane tickets
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Pilot project of a solidarity contribution on plane tickets. High Level Dialogue on Financing for Development New York, June, 27 2005. Presentation by Mr. Thierry BRETON, Minister of Economy, Finance and Industry . The enlarged Lula group. A shared assessment:

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Pilot project of a solidarity contribution on plane tickets

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Pilot project of a solidarity contribution on plane tickets

Pilot project of a solidarity contribution on plane tickets

High Level Dialogue on Financing for Development

New York, June, 27 2005

Presentation by Mr. Thierry BRETON,

Minister of Economy, Finance and Industry


The enlarged lula group

The enlarged Lula group

  • A shared assessment:

    • Additional, stable and predictable resources are needed in order to reach the Millennium Development Goals by 2015

    • Global issues require global answers

    • The benefits of globalization must be shared fairly

  • Brazil, Chile, Germany, France and Spain (recently joined by Algeria) have been working for a year on concrete proposals for innovative financing mechanisms


Proposal

Proposal

  • Set up a pilot which:

    • Proves the feasibility of innovative mechanisms

    • Addresses the most urgent financing needs, in particular for HIV/AIDS, by providing stable and predictable resources

  • This pilot would be based on a solidarity contribution on plane tickets and is already supported by Brazil, Chile and Germany

  • The contribution rate would be:

    • Low

    • Differentiated between travel classes as well as types of flights (domestic vs international) for equity purposes

  • The proceeds would be earmarked to some development programs, in particular for the purchase of HIV/AIDS drugs


Why a pilot project on plane tickets 1 2

Why a pilot project on plane tickets? (1/2)

  • A fast growing industry:

    • Average annual growth of 9% since 1960

    • + 7.4% since April 2004

    • Annual growth expected to reach 5% in the coming decade

  • A pragmatic mechanism

    • Passengers of airline companies are seldom among the poorest

    • The contribution rate could be higher for passengers in business and first classes

    • As an illustration, a € 5 contribution would merely increase the price of a € 400 holidays package by 1.25%

Source: IATA


Why a pilot project on plane tickets 2 2

Why a pilot project on plane tickets ? (2/2)

  • The solidarity contribution can be implemented by a limited number of countries without any negative economic impact:

    • A low rate contribution would not trigger any evasion nor important distorsions

    • The exemption of passengers in transit would ensure that the hubs of participating countries are not penalized

  • No legal or practical impediments:

    • A fixed rate contribution on plane tickets is compatible with international agreements on air transport as well as EU and WTO regulations


In europe denmark malta and the united kingdom already have a levy on plane tickets

In Europe, Denmark, Malta and the United Kingdom already have a levy on plane tickets

Existing levies on plane tickets in Europe

United Kingdom

Denmark

Malta

  • € 8 to € 64 according to destination and travel classes

  • € 5 to € 10

  • € 23

  • (to be doubled by August,1st 2005)

Data: OECD and European Agency for Environment


Implementation issues

Implementation issues

  • Payment of the contribution:

  • By passengers of planes departing from an airport located in a participating country

Legally

In practice

Airline companies will be in charge of collecting the contribution

  • The contribution will be included like other airport fees in the total price of the plane ticket

  • As shown in countries which already have a levy on plane tickets, collection costs are very low:

    • Eg. In the UK, collection costs = 0.1% of revenues


New substantial revenues for development

New substantial revenues for development

  • 2 illustrative scenarii, with a different rate between economy and business classes

    • Scenario 1 : € 1 in economy, € 5 in business and first

    • Scenario 2 : € 5 in economy, € 25 in business and first

  • A few benchmarks:

    • Past commitments from the Global Fund: around € 3 Bn

    • Estimated financing gap for the MDGs: at least € 50 Bn

    • Current level of total ODA: around € 60 Bn

Expected annual revenues with 2002 data

Area of implementation

Scenario 1

Scenario 2

Worldwide

  • Around € 2 Bn

  • Around € 10 Bn


Fairness and diversity between participating countries

Fairness and Diversity between participating countries

  • The contribution rate could be different between international and domestic flights. It could even be nil in the latter case.

  • The contribution rate could be lower in some developing countries


What will be done with the revenues

What will be done with the revenues?

  • France suggests to earmark a share of the revenues to the fight against HIV/AIDS

    • Purchase of ARV drugs

    • Possible participation at a later stage to Advanced Purchase Commitmentmechanisms

  • Expenses will be channeled through existing national and international institutions without any additional cost

  • The fiscal sovereignty will be fully preserved. The use of proceeds will be coordinated between participating countries.


Next steps

Next Steps

  • Besides the ongoing European talks, 2 major milestones:

    • Gleneagles G8 Summit (6-8 July)

    • United Nations Summit on MDGs (14-16 September)


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