As you walk in…. 1.) Hand in your brochure on the back table . 2.) Pick up a copy of each sheet on the back desk. 3.) Have a seat and take out your notebook…please! Song: “Nowhere to Run”- Martha Reeves and the Vandellas. Today’s Topic:.
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1.) Hand in your brochure on the back table.
2.) Pick up a copy of each sheet on the back desk.
3.) Have a seat and take out your notebook…please!
Song: “Nowhere to Run”- Martha Reeves and the Vandellas
How (on earth) did the United States become involved in Vietnam???
A.) Late 1800s-World War II: France ruled most of Indochina.
1. Built plantations on peasant land rice and rubber for their own profit
2. Silenced opposition by restricting freedom of speech, jailing Vietnamese nationalists
What is colonization?
What is another country that practiced colonization?
B.) 1924- Ho Chi Minhheads to China and organizes the Indochinese Communist Party
C.) 1940- Japan takes over Vietnam
1. Ho Chi Minh returns home and forms the Vietminh-organization focused on winning Vietnam’s independence.
Review: Why would Japan be controlling Vietnam at this time?
D.) 1945- Japan out, France back in
E.) 1945- France fights for control of Vietnam in First Indochina War.
1.) 1950- U.S. sends $15 billion in aid to France
Why would the U.S. send aid to France?
**If one nation falls to Communism, the others will shortly follow after.**
“You have a row of dominoes set up. You knock over the first one, and what will happen to the last one is the certainty that it will go over very quickly.”- President Eisenhower
How does this theory relate to containment?
F.)May 1954- France surrenders to Vietminh.
G.) May-July 1954- Geneva Accords
1. Divides Vietnam along 17th parallel.
What is another nation that divided along a “parallel” after a war was fought?
Geneva Accords- Geneva, Switzerland
1.) Why did France and Vietnam enter a war?
2.) Who did the U.S. choose to support? Why did it do that?
A.) Geneva Accords:
B.) Two Leaders
1. Ho Chi Minh=Communists
2. Ngo Dinh Diem
ii. Roman Catholic
Why might Diem be popular with the U.S.?
Ngo Dinh Diem
1. 1956- Plan for election backfires
2. Diem forms oppressive government.
i. Restricts Buddhist practices
ii. No land reforms for peasants
D.) 1957- Vietcong forms in the South.
1. Communist opposition group begins assassinating South Vietnam political leaders
E.) 1961- U.S. increases assistance to South Vietnam
1. Financial Aid
2. Military advisers to train troops
i. 1963= 16,000 U.S. personnel
What does it mean to be “soft on Communism”?
1.) What is the main political struggle in Vietnam?
2.) Why do you think the U.S. feels the need to get involved?
A.) Diem’s administration becomes less and less popular
1. Failure to respond to land reform
2. Attacks against Buddhism more intense
i. Imprison and kill hundreds of Buddhist leaders, destroy temples.
B.) U.S. helps overthrow Diem
1. November 1, 1963- Diem Assassinated.
What should be done with Vietnam now??
What are two events that led to the United States getting involved in Vietnam?