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Overview. Global Challenges Food and Health Nexus Agricultural Focus LGUs USDA, NIFA, ARS. aka Wicked Problems. Societal Challenges. Population Food Water Environment Climate Change Energy Health Poverty. Population. 21 st Century Food System Challenges. Health

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Presentation Transcript

  • Global Challenges

  • Food and Health Nexus

  • Agricultural Focus

    • LGUs


Societal challenges

aka Wicked Problems

Societal Challenges

  • Population

  • Food

  • Water

  • Environment

  • Climate Change

  • Energy

  • Health

  • Poverty

  • Population

21st Century Food System Challenges

  • Health

    • Food safety, nutrition, obesity, type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia, stroke, cancer, hunger, poverty, families/children

  • Ecological Footprint

    • Water/land use, natural resource and environmental stewardship, greenhouse gas, global climate change, depleted soils

  • Agricultural Competitiveness

    • Improve crop and animal agriculture; enhance farm productivity and income; policies; supply chain; storage; transportation

  • Bioeconomy

    • Replacements for petroleum-based products and enhance community economic well being

Nexus Between Food and Health

  • Two ends of the health spectrum

    • Excess food and food insecurity

    • Billions dilemma

  • Preventable

    • CDC: 75 percent of healthcare spending for chronic diseases

  • Health challenges

    • Chronic diseases

    • Food insecurity/hunger

    • Food safety

    • Environmental

  • Land grant university focus
    Land-Grant University Focus

    • A new compact ~ Crowd source

      • Academia, government, private sector, NGOs

      • Outreach networks through the Cooperative Extension System, Education, Health Sectors

        • eXtension and online tools – democratizing knowledge

  • Food and health research and education

    • Bio- and physical sciences

    • Relevance of environmental and social sciences

    • Quality science to inform policy

  • Food systems and optimal health
    Food Systems and Optimal Health

    • Health outcomes driving genetics & breeding

      • Wheat, Soy, Maize, Milo, Rice, Tomatoes, Berries

      • Animal traits

    • Altering the gut microbiome

    • Alteration of food structure

      • Processing

        • Retain natural and fresh attributes

        • Matrices that modulate caloric content

        • Enhance benefits of bioactive compounds

      • Healthy foods and quality

    Food Security, Production, Human Health

    Tomatoes = Lycopene

    Cancer Prevention

    Clinical Trials

    Development of Soy Bread

    Goal: deliver 60 mg of isoflavone in 2 slices of bread.

    Dr. Yael Vodovotz

    Soy-Almond (SAB)

    Roast SAB

    Ferment SAB

    Steam SAB

    40% Soy Bread

    30% Soy Bread

    20% Soy Bread

    Impact of soy bread on Myeloid Derived Suppressor Cell (MDSC) biology in patients with solid tumors

    Dr. Greg Lesinski

    Food systems and optimal health1
    Food Systems and Optimal Health

    • FAIR 2012: One Health—Understanding and improving animal health, human health, ecological health

    • Complex, multi-dimensional

      • Biology, genetics, socio-economic status, culture, and behavior – e.g., Latino children

  • ‘Omics and personalized medicine

  • Exercise and active lifestyles

  • Access – Children’s health, food deserts

    • Dairy products and health

      • Bone health, blood pressure, probiotics

    • Pulse Heath Initiative – Prevention of obesity

    • Cornell/ARS: Maize with high iron availability

    • Foodborne diseases and food safety

      • Dan Luo: DNA-based nanobarcodeto track bacteria in the food system to detect pathogens and toxins on site

      • Craig Altier: Define Salmonella genes and genetic pathwaysessential for survival, proliferation in tomatoes

    • Functional genomics: Dual use research

      • Biomedical applications

      • Improve quality, nutritional characteristics, shelf life, and food safety

    Nifa focus
    NIFA Focus

    • Discovery through Delivery Continuum

      • DiscoveryTranslationInnovationSolution

    • Capacity/Formula Programs

      • Hatch, Evans-Allen, Smith-Lever, 1890s Extension, FRTEP, 1994 Capacity, Insular Areas

      • 4-H, EFNEP, SNAP-ED

      • The Pipeline

      • Next generation scientists, Extension specialists and educators, producers, better informed public

    Competitive programs
    Competitive Programs


    • Challenge Areas

      • Food Security

      • Nutrition and Childhood Obesity

      • Food safety

      • Climate Change

      • Bioenergy

    • Fellowships

      • Pre- and post-doctoral

    • Foundational Areas

      • Plant Health and Production and Plant Products

      • Animal Health and Production and Animal Products

      • Food Safety, Nutrition, and Health

      • Renewable Energy, Natural Resources, and Environment

      • Agriculture Systems and Technology

      • Agriculture Economics and Rural Communities

    Mandatory Programs

    • Specialty Crops Research Initiative

    • Biomass Research and Development Initiative

    • Beginning Farmers and Ranchers Development Initiative

    • Organic Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative

    Programs focused on health
    Programs Focused on Health

    • Food Safety

      • Improving safety of the nation’s food supply through the support of basic research and integrated science programs

    • Nutrition and Childhood Obesity

      • NCCOR—National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research—Public-Private collaboration (NIH, CDC, and Robert Wood Johnson Foundation)

    Programs focused on access hunger
    Programs Focused on Access/Hunger

    • USDA school breakfast and lunch programs

      • Long term impacts – health and societal

    • Address hunger and food security

      • Community Foods Projects

    • Increase food production and access

      • Local and regional food systems

      • Food deserts

    Food and health foci
    Food and Health Foci

    • Promote high priority research/outreach in food quality, safety, and access in relation to health

    • Ensure food is nutritious and safe

    • Promote strategies to combat childhood obesity

    • Work with local communities to fight hunger and food insecurity

    • Food and Health literacy

    Food and health foci1
    Food and Health Foci

    • Research, Education, and Extension

      • Sustainable food production

        • Environmental, Economic, Social

      • Healthier, sustainable foods

      • Access

      • Chronic diseases, foodborne illnesses

      • Nexus between biology, culture, behavior

      • Policy research

      • Education

    A systems framework: food &nutrition security


    • How impact food insecurity?

    • How improve traits?

    • Clinical validation?

    • How increase consumption of fruit, vegetables?

    • Long term impacts?

    • MyLifestyle, MyBehavior?

    • Resurrect HomeEc courses?