American Government and Economics: Comparative Politics. Mr. Chortanoff Chapter 22 Overview and Insights. Map of the UK. Democracy in the US and Great Britain. Map of Japan. Government and Politics in Japan. Map of Mexico. Three Branches of the Mexican Government. The General Congress :
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American Government and Economics:Comparative Politics
Overview and Insights
The General Congress:
The national legislature is a bicameral body, composed of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies
Each of the 31 Mexican states has two senators
The Chamber of Deputies has 500 members
Popularly elected to a single six year term
Selects members of the Cabinet and top civilian officers in government, and appoints the senior officers of the armed forces and all federal judges
Can propose amendments to the Constitution
The Court System:
Mexico’s independent judicial system is similar to that of the US
Two levels, state and federal, operate within the court system
The federal judiciary is based on circuit and district courts that function under the Supreme Court
The Fall of the Soviet Union
The Soviet Union Falls
The Cold War “arms race” with the US strains and breaks the USSR’s economy.
President Gorbachev introduces new reforms, aimed at restructuring political and social life.
Gorbachev’s reforms encourage a wave of democratization across Eastern Europe
Independence movements begin, and several Soviet republics break away
Thousands of Russians call for Russian independence
In 1993, a new constitution is passed, instituting a government built on separation of powers and guaranteeing individual rights.
Dozens of new political parties form.
The Soviet Republics break away and form independent countries. Examples: include Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Estonia.
A nation-wide system of people’s courts deals with criminal and civil cases.
Taiwan believes it rules all of China. China believes it rules Taiwan
The national government is composed of the National People’s Congress and the State Council
China’s Communist Government
The Constitution is not permanent law; rather is a reflection of current government policies.
China’s Communist Party is the largest political party in the world. Only CCP members can serve the military and government.