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Sound. Lecture 4. Beats. The Doppler Effect. The Doppler Effect. Source moving AWAY from observer Source moving TOWARD observer. The Doppler Effect. The Doppler Effect. Observer moving TOWARD Source Observer moving AWAY from Source. Shock Waves and Sonic Boom.

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Sound

Sound

Lecture 4


Beats

Beats


The doppler effect

The Doppler Effect


The doppler effect1

The Doppler Effect

  • Source moving AWAY from observer

  • Source moving TOWARD observer


The doppler effect2

The Doppler Effect


The doppler effect3

The Doppler Effect

  • Observer moving TOWARD Source

  • Observer moving AWAY from Source


Shock waves and sonic boom

Shock Waves and Sonic Boom

  • Supersonic speed - object is faster than the speed of sound

  • Mach - ratio of objects speed to speed of sound in that medium

    • 900 m/s vs. speed of sound at 300 m/s @ a high altitude = Mach 3


Shock waves and sonic boom1

Shock Waves and Sonic Boom


Shock waves and sonic boom2

Shock Waves and Sonic Boom

  • Shockwave--source outruns the waves it produces. Waves pile up directly in front of it

    • Waves pile up along the sides (d) overlap and create a very large crest--followed by a very large trough

    • Result of constructive interference

  • Sonic boom--shock wave passes a listener with huge Energy

    • actually 2 or more booms since major

    • shock waves can form at front and rear of aircraft as well as the wings


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