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LEAD. Why are we worried about lead?. Protection of children primarily Most buildings are open to the public, i.e. “Public Buildings” Workers could take dust home on their clothes, creating exposure to family members Protection of workers/occupants

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Why are we worried about lead
Why are we worried about lead?

  • Protection of children primarily

    • Most buildings are open to the public, i.e. “Public Buildings”

    • Workers could take dust home on their clothes, creating exposure to family members

  • Protection of workers/occupants

    • Workers and occupants could get exposed via inhalation/ingestion of lead dust


Lead facts
Lead Facts

Lead can be found:

  • Paints and coatings up until 1980. Industrial paints still contain lead in high levels.

  • Printing equipment

  • Batteries

  • Plumbing

  • Soil

  • Water

  • Imported food

  • Imported medicines and cosmetics

  • Radiation shielding


Lead hazards
Lead Hazards

  • Children, Pregnant women & developing fetuses most at risk of harm from exposure

  • Lead is readily absorbed and distributed. Collects in the brain, bones, teeth and organ tissues.

  • Lead overexposure can lead to damage to:

    • Nervous system

    • Kidneys

    • Blood-forming system

    • Digestive system

    • Reproductive system


Additional effects on children
Additional Effects on Children

  • Brain damage

  • Behavior and learning problems

  • Slowed growth

  • Hearing problems

  • Headaches


Children more at risk of lead poisoning due to
Children more at risk of lead poisoning due to:

  • Nervous system sensitivity

  • Absorption levels

  • Pica: putting toys, hands, etc. into mouth


Lead exposure routes
Lead exposure routes

  • Hand to mouth contact with lead-contaminated:

    • Dust

    • Soil

    • Water

    • Other products

  • Inhalation of dust and fumes


Lead poisoning
Lead poisoning

  • Checked via blood test

    Children/pregnant women:

    >10 microg/dl - elevated

    >20 microg/dl - lead burdened

    Adults:

    > 40 microg/dl - elevated


Lead regulations
Lead regulations

Activities related to disturbance of lead are

regulated by:

  • Department of Health Services (DOHS): Housing and Public buildings

    • For operations involving lead at 0.5% content

  • Federal and Cal-OSHA: Worker Safety

    • Operations that involve lead in any detectible amount

  • Federal and Cal-EPA: Hazardous waste

    • For waste containing lead equal to or above 1000 ppm lead


What is being done to prevent lead exposure to employees
What is being done to prevent lead exposure to employees?

  • All surfaces and materials to be disturbed are sampled and analyzed for lead content.

  • Lead-containing materials are handled by certified employees and contractors

  • The campus drinking water is regularly tested for lead.


Osha requirements
OSHA requirements

Include:

  • Proper work techniques

  • PPE

  • Worker training

  • Medical monitoring


Prevention of exposure to university community
Prevention of exposure to University community…

  • EH&S reviews all repair/remodeling plans

  • EH&S determines if work can be completed in-house or if an outside contractor is required.

  • Facilities Management Project Managers are provided with training


In house lead disturbance
In-house lead disturbance

  • Must be reviewed with Office of EH&S to develop work plan, ensure worker and occupant safety and collect worker exposure sampling.


Employee supervisor requirements
Employee/SupervisorRequirements

  • Building Materials must NOT be disturbed without authorization from EH&S


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