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John Oliver / District Technology Day February 2011. C21L Teaching and Learning: An Inquiry-based Approach . Moira Ekdahl, Learning Services Michele Farquharson, Kerrisdale Elementary. Sir Ken Robinson … . AASL: Standards for 21 st C Learner in Action.

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C21L Teaching and Learning: An Inquiry-based Approach

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John Oliver / District Technology Day

February 2011

C21L Teaching and Learning: An Inquiry-based Approach

Moira Ekdahl, Learning Services

Michele Farquharson, Kerrisdale Elementary

Sir Ken Robinson …

AASL: Standards for 21st C Learner in Action

All learners must be able to access high-quality information from diverse perspectives, make sense of it to draw their own conclusions or create new knowledge, and share their knowledge with others.


  • Principles of Equity are in place

  • Print, digital, and other resources are accurate, current, and age-appropriate

  • Meaningful instruction in the use of these resources is provided

  • Freedom to read is valued


  • Flexible access is ensured

  • Technologies as tools are provided, including:

    • Software and adaptive hardware

    • Instructional technology

ACCESS to Resources and Services

Real research and questioning can become lifelong tools to encourage independent thinking and to guide classroom inquiry at any time students are engaged in reading, viewing, or listening activities.


The Points of Inquiry

  • Inquiry, driven by wonder, connection, discovery, creativity, critical thinking – supported by technology

  • BC IRPs

  • Developmental, benchmarked, referenced to authority

  • Immersed in new & emerging technologies

  • Grounded in traditional and new or multi-literacies

  • Designed backwards

  • Parallel language to reading and other initiatives

  • Meaningful, authentic, and balanced approach

BC Public K-12 System Today

  • Bulleted ILOs

  • Exams / FSAs

  •   Press to cover curriculum

  •   Test- and text-focus vs Inquiry / RBT

  •   Technology integration issues

  •   Google vs Databases

  •   Books on carts



  • Transitions: Elementary, secondary, adult

  • learning, post-secondary, work...

  •    “What are they doing in ____ school?”

  • No surprises here: "ever thus“

  • Assumptions - tabula rasa

  •   Transitional Literacy / Articulation

Stages of Building a School-wide Plan

  • Build support amongst stakeholders

  • Do a readiness assessment

  • Build a foundation for collaborative implementation

  • Create the context for collaborative planning

  • “Think Outside” the classroom

  • Engage in the conversations

In the Face of Change, Will You?

  • Be flexible

  • Assess student needs

  • Initiate collaboration

  • Fail

  • Ask for help

  • Celebrate successes

  • Use new tools, methods of communicating …

  • Change roles

Change: A Process, Not an Event

Change is made by people, not institutions.

It is personal and developmental in terms of feelings and abilities

Teachers approach change differently:

  • Innovators (8%)

  • Leaders (17%)

  • Early Majority (29%)

  • Late Majority (29%)

  • Resisters (17%)

Stages of Concern in the Face of Change:

0. Awareness – No thanks. Not for me.

  • Informational – Tell me more.

  • Personal – What will it mean for me?

  • Management – Where will I find the time?

  • Consequence – How will this work for my students?

  • Collaboration – How can we make this work?

    6. Refocusing – Is there a better way?


Effective school library and technology programs support teaching and learning by integrating local curriculum, resources, staff development, and assessment with:

  • data-driven collaboration

  • literacy objectives

  • technology

  • information literacy skills

  • an inquiry or process approach

BC Public K-12 System

Future Possibilities?

  • “Information Fluency”: Multiliteracies + Inquiry

  •   Re-design of Instruction and Spaces

    •  Physical/Virtual Learning Commons

  • 21st-Century Learning : Making the transition

    • Can we address the Challenges of Engagement and dodge the Risk of Irrelevance?

Just The Beginning…


Vancouver TL Stuff

TL Special Blog:


TL Inquiry Wiki:


TL Inquiry – Video “School Libraries in Action”



Ekdahl,M., M. Farquharson, J. Robinson & L. Turner (2010) Points of Inquiry: A Framework for Information Literacy and the 21st Century Learner. Vancouver, BC: BCTF / BC Teacher-librarians’ Association.

http://www.bctf.ca/bctla/pub/index.html#points (includes working dox)

Naylor, Charlie (2011) 21st C Learning – Widening the frame of focus and debate: A BCTF Research discussion paper. Vancouver, BC: BCTF Research.


American Sources

Public Schools of North Carolina (2005) IMPACT: Guidelines for North Carolina Media & Technology Programs. Raleigh, NC: NC Department of Public Instruction. http://www.ncwiseowl.org/Impact/docs/IMPACT.pdf

NYC School Library System (2010) Information Fluency Continuum: Benchmark Skills for Grades K-12 Assessments. NYC: NYC Department of Education


Stripling, Barbara K. (2003) Curriculum Connections through the Library. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited. (Google Books)

Stripling, Barbara.  "Using Inquiry to Explode Myths about Learning and Libraries."  CSLA Journal.  Fall 2004.  In EBSCO Academic Search Premier, accessed June 2, 2009, Vancouver School Board. 

Media Links

Best Math Teacher Ever. Youtube:


Robinson, Ken. “Changing Educational Paradigms.” RSAnimate. Youtube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zDZFcDGpL4U

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