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What is the most important trait that a manager needs to be successful in business? The ability to perform tasks [FRONT OF THE ROOM]

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What is the most important trait that a manager needs to be successful in business? The ability to perform tasks [FRONT OF THE ROOM] Ability to play different roles [BACK OF THE ROOM] Having management skills [FLAG SIDE OF THE ROOM] [WALK TO THE SIDE OF THE ROOM YOU MOST AGREE WITH].

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What is the most important trait that a manager needs to be successful in business?

The ability to perform tasks [FRONT OF THE ROOM]

Ability to play different roles [BACK OF THE ROOM]

Having management skills [FLAG SIDE OF THE ROOM]

[WALK TO THE SIDE OF THE ROOM YOU MOST AGREE WITH]

what s for dinner
What’s for dinner?

What steps do you take to plan dinner?

why plan
Why Plan?
  • Planning prepares managers and businesses to meet the challenges of economic, social, technological, and political changes
  • Plans allow businesses to prepare for the future
why plan1
Why Plan?
  • Key executives in every company spend a considerable amount of time planning

Important to the success of the company!

  • Planning is the process that businesses use to decide the company’s goals for the future and ways to achieve those goals
formal planning
Formal Planning
  • The systematic studying of an issue and the preparation of a written document to deal with the problem
    • Short-rangeplans cover a one-year period of time
    • Long-rangeplans cover a three-to-five year period of time
    • Intermediate plans cover the time span between short-range and long-range
      • Usually one to three or one to five years
operational vs strategic plans
Operational

Short-range planning

Focuses on forming ideas for dealing with specific functions in the company

Ex: production of new products

Strategic

Long-range planning

Done by highest management levels

President, vice-president, chief operating officer

Operational vs. Strategic Plans
grand strategies
Grand Strategies
  • Provide overall direction for the company
  • Deal with most important aspects of the company’s operations
    • Products the company will manufacture and services it will provide
    • Number of employees it has
    • How much money the company will spend on salaries and benefits
    • How the company will market its products to consumers and other businesses
  • Developed at the highest levels of the company
  • Four types: growth, stability, retrenchment, combination
grand strategies1
Grand Strategies
  • Growth strategy
    • Plans developed when a company tries to expand sales, products, or number of employees
      • Concentration strategy
      • Vertical integration
      • Diversification
grand strategies2
Grand Strategies
  • Stability strategy
    • Plan to keep the company operating at the same level that it has for several years
      • Used when a company is satisfied with its profits and not seeking growth
      • Company growth is possible, but will be very slow
      • Peet’s Coffee and Tea
grand strategies3
Grand Strategies
  • Retrenchment (defensive) strategy
    • Plan to reverse negative trends in a company
      • Such as losses in sales or to reduce its costs
    • Used to overcome a crisis or problem (competition)
      • Turnaround: regain success
      • Divestiture: company sells some part of its business
      • Liquidation: entire company is sold or dissolved
grand strategies4
Grand Strategies
  • Chrysler corporation was on the verge of bankruptcy when it hired Lee Iacocca as their new CEO. He let go of a large number of employees and closed 20 plants. Remaining workers agreed to give up part of their salaries and benefits to save the company and by 1982 Chrysler began to show profit.
  • What kind of strategy did Iacocca implement?

Turnaround Strategy

grand strategies5
Grand Strategies
  • Combination strategy
    • A plan that employs several different strategies at once
    • It’s possible that all issues cannot be addressed by implementing just one strategy
    • Managers must establish priorities or the competition will gain an advantage
    • Coca Cola, 1989
      • Divested and expanded at the same time
business strategies
Business Strategies
  • Plans that pertain to single departments or units within a company
    • Ex: a marketing issue as how to reach new customers or how to develop a new product
    • Grand strategies affect the entire corporation
  • Types:
    • overall cost leadership
    • differentiation, focus strategies
business strategies1
Business Strategies
  • Overall cost leadership
    • Designed to produce and deliver a product or service for a lower cost than the competition
    • Can be very effective when there are many buyers who are price-sensitive
    • Wal-Mart, BIC, McDonald’s
business strategies2
Business Strategies
  • Differentiation
    • Strives to make the product or service unique
    • Customers are willing to pay average to high prices for unique products/services
    • Companies tend to emphasize quality
    • Can be achieved through a superior product, a quality image, or a brand image
      • Gillette, Jaguar, Adidas sportswear
business strategies3
Business Strategies
  • Focus
    • Directs marketing and sales towards a small segment of the market
    • Company can serve a well-defined market better than competitors that serve a broader market
    • Red Lobster, Federal Express, Midas
business strategies4
Business Strategies
  • Colgate-Palmolive has a 70 percent market share of toothpaste sold to Hispanics. This is attributed to an understanding that three-quarters of the Hispanics who watch TV or listen to the radio do so with Spanish-language stations.
  • What kind of business strategy does this illustrate?

Focus Strategy

functional strategies
Short-range operational plans that support business strategies by emphasizing practical implementation

Function or use often defines plans

Sales and marketing

Production

Financial

Research and development

Personnel

Functional Strategies
functional strategies1
Functional Strategies
  • Many functional plans are interrelated
  • Personnel plan directly related to a financial and production plan
    • The number of employees a company hires, and how much they are paid, depends on a company’s finances and the amount of work needed
  • Boeing example
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