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Domestic Violence. The Basics. How to Approach an Emergency call. A call of domestic violence in progress should always be considered a priority response A domestic violence should be treated as a crime and not a domestic dispute Seize weapons use in the incident

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Domestic violence

Domestic Violence

The Basics


How to approach an emergency call
How to Approach an Emergency call

  • A call of domestic violence in progress should always be considered a priority response

  • A domestic violence should be treated as a crime and not a domestic dispute

  • Seize weapons use in the incident

  • Always utilized at least two officers when separating the parties

  • Assess the situation of risk including children

    (DHSS 2008)


How to interview parties
How to interview parties

  • Interview parties separately

  • The victim should be away from the line of sight and hearing of the perpetrator

  • Determine the fears of victim

  • Inform the victim of rights.

  • Provide victim information of legal remedies


Needed information
Needed Information

  • Background information

  • Physical evidence including pictures and clothing

  • Statements from direct and indirect witnesses such as children and neighbors

  • Determine the aggressor


Laws

  • The victims should be informed about EPO or emergency protective orders. EPO prohibits the offender from coming with a certain distance

  • Temporary restraining order will prevent the offender coming near the victim for longer term than EPO.


Arrest
Arrest

  • Arrest should be the prefered response

  • All arrests shall be made in conformity with the state law, agency policy and procedures.

  • Warrantless arrest can be undertaken in an ongoing domestic violence :



Types
Types

  • Physical

  • Verbal

  • Sexual

  • Neglect


Physical abuse
Physical Abuse

  • is any act that results to non-accidental physical injury and or unreasonable infliction of physical injury to a child (NCCN 2006)


Verbal abuse
Verbal Abuse

  • any act that causes the infliction of unreasonable punishment to the child through excessive verbal assault or non-verbal harassing acts (NCCN 2006).


Sexual abuse
Sexual Abuse

  • any act that involves a child in a sexual activity with an adult or any person older or bigger, in which he is used as a sexual object for gratification of the older person’s needs or desires (NCCN 2006).


Neglect
Neglect

  • any act that leads to unreasonable deprivation of the child’s basic needs such as food, clothing, shelter, education, general care and supervision by parents or guardians (NCCN 2006).


Symptoms
Symptoms

  • Bruises

  • Going to school unwashed not properly dressed and hungry

  • Frequently absent and with injuries when present

  • Not doing well in school

  • Run away from home

  • Suffering from emotional disorder


A law enforcer may take a child into custody when
A law enforcer may take a child into custody when:

  • The police officer has a court order commanding that the child be taken into custody;

  • The police officer has probable cause to believe that there is a court order that the child be taken into custody;


To take a child into custody
To take a child into custody

  • If the officer has reasons to believe that the child will be harmed if not remove from residence

  • If he has probable cause to believe that the child is a missing person (yourchild1st.com 2008)


Reference
Reference

  • DHHS (2008) DIVISION OF CHILD ABUSE AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE SERVICESretrieved May 23, 2008 from http://chfs.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/54B7AF71-5428-4EC6-AE69-158BBFBF8031/0/ModelDomesticViolenceLawEnforcementPolicy.htm

  • NCCN (2006) Incident of Child Abuse statistics National Commission on child abuse and     Neglect Washington Headquarters.



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