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Automation Applications: iRobot. Benjamin Richards 9 December 2009. iRobot. Robots designed and built to operate in the home, laboratory, and government applications. Home Application (home cleaning assistance). Roomba – Vacuum cleaner – $100-500 Scooba – Mopping hard floors - $200-500

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Automation Applications: iRobot

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Automation applications irobot

Automation Applications: iRobot

Benjamin Richards

9 December 2009


Irobot

iRobot

  • Robots designed and built to operate in the home, laboratory, and government applications


Home application home cleaning assistance

Home Application(home cleaning assistance)

  • Roomba – Vacuum cleaner – $100-500

  • Scooba – Mopping hard floors - $200-500

  • Dirt Dog – Shop cleaner - $100-200

  • Verro – Pool cleaner - $300-500

  • Looj – Gutter cleaner - $100-200


Government applications to relieve humans from dangerous and incredibly boring tasks

Government Applications(to relieve humans from dangerous and incredibly boring tasks)

  • Packbot – Bomb diffusion, various heavy tasks, can be controlled with a play station controller

  • Negotiator – Surveillance robot

  • SUGV Programs – Small Unmanned Ground Vehicle

  • Warrior – Packbot on Steroids

  • SeaGlider – long range/life sea borne data collection

  • Transphibian – Autonomous UUV (unmanned undersea vehicle) and bottom crawler


Communication education

Communication & Education

  • ConnectR – Interact with others over long distance - $(not for sale yet)

  • Create – Programmable and modification friendly - $100-300


Create technology

“Create” technology

  • Open Interface

    • Only high-level commands needed

    • 3rd party electronics compatible

    • Control either through serial connection or on-board microprocessor


Create anatomy

“Create” Anatomy

  • Omnidirectional IR Receiver

  • Serial Port – 7 pin Mini-Din

    • RDX & TXD pins handle logic voltage

      • Require RS-232 voltage levels

    • BRC (Baud Rate Change) pin – 8 bit, 57600 baud rate default

      • Rate of signal/symbol changes per second

  • Cargo Bay Connector – 25 pin

    • 4 digital inputs

    • 1 analog input

    • 3 digital outputs

    • 3 high-current low side driver outputs (for driving motors)

  • Cliff Sensors – Doubles as a data collector

  • 4 DB-9 Expansion Ports

    • Allows for more accessories


Programming

Programming

  • High-level commands are in a numerical script format – and can be programmed from PC

    • 152 initiates the script command

    • Then list # of bites in the script (each command is a bite)

    • Then write the commands (using provided # codes)

    • ie. To Drive forward: 152 1 137

  • More intricate programming and autonomous actions requires an onboard microprocessor

    • Allows C++ and C using WinAVR as the compiler

    • Microsoft Robotic Development Studio compatibility

  • Remote Control compatible

  • DB-9 ports

    • Allows for additional actuators and sensors


Industry uses

Industry Uses

  • Detection of EIDs

  • Situational Awareness for first responder support

    • http://www.irobot.com/sp.cfm?pageid=138

  • HAZMAT detection

  • Real-time structure mapping

  • Surveillance / Reconnaissance

  • Checkpoint Inspection

  • Data Collection

  • Oceanography

  • Household cleaning

  • Entertainment


Competitors

Competitors

  • Include Electronics, Defense, and household cleaning industries

  • Honda

  • Lockheed Martin

  • Samsung

  • Dyson

  • Sony

  • Etri

  • Eigenpoint

  • iRobi


Standards

Standards

  • No specific OSHA standards for the robotics industry in the US

    • RoSta is a collaborative in the EU working to establish international standards

    • ANSI/RIA/ISO Robot Safety Requirements

    • ANSI/UL 1740 Design Standards

  • Data/Circuit Standards

    • RS-232

      • Standard for Serial Binary Data Signals between Data Terminal Equipment and Data Circuit-terminating Equipment


Class application

Class Application

  • Hands on Robot control

  • Both High-level and in-depth programming capabilities

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UT2bPx9k7D4

  • http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=40467281900229447&ei=9BcgS4azEo72qAP29qjwDw&q=irobot+create&hl=en&client=firefox-a#


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Robots are automating our daily lives

  • iRobot is a leading contributor to:

    • Removing mundane tasks from the human

    • Protecting humans from dangerous tasks

    • Providing safe interaction and control over the robots

    • Removing human error from data collection and research


References

References

  • http://www.irobot.com/filelibrary/pdfs/hrd/create/Create%20Open%20Interface_v2.pdf

  • http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/robotics/standards.html

  • http://www.robot-standards.eu/

  • http://hackingroomba.com/projects/irobot-create-robot-review/

  • http://www.botmag.com/articles/irobot_create.shtml


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