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An Introduction to the Middle Ages and Geoffrey Chaucer. English 12 & English 12 Advanced Woodland Hills High School Mr. Brown By Dr. Moschetta. Warm Up 2.12.14. If you lived around the year 1350, what job do you think you would have? Why? 2-4 sentences. Warm Up.

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an introduction to the middle ages and geoffrey chaucer

An Introduction to the Middle Ages and Geoffrey Chaucer

English 12 & English 12 Advanced

Woodland Hills High School

Mr. Brown

By Dr. Moschetta

warm up 2 12 14
Warm Up 2.12.14
  • If you lived around the year 1350, what job do you think you would have?
  • Why?

2-4 sentences

warm up
Warm Up
  • Grab a “guided notes” Introduction to the Middle Ages and Geoffrey Chaucerworksheet from the back of the projector cart.
  • Try and fill in the first section
literature from this unit
Literature from This Unit
  • The Canterbury Tales
  • By Geoffrey Chaucer
    • “Father of English Poetry”
    • First author to write in English (Middle English) [previously Latin]
    • Educated
    • Government official – work took precedence over writing
    • Worked on Canterbury Tales for 22 years; never finished
the middle ages norman invasion
The Middle Ages – Norman Invasion
  • 1066 – Duke William of Normandy
  • One-day long battle
  • Defeated and killed King Harold of England
  • William felt entitled to the English throne (Edward, previous king, left no heirs)
  • Combined Norman emphasis on law and order with Anglo Saxon democracy and culture
feudalism
Feudalism
  • Caste system (social class)
  • Military system
  • Property system
  • System of social behavior
  • Top of the Ladder: William the Conqueror
    • Barons, vassals, lower vassals, landless knights, serfs
city classes
City Classes
  • Eventually many people left the country and moved to the cities
  • City classes not defined by the feudal system
    • Upper, middle, lower
    • Middle class = merchant class who could afford what they wanted
knighthood and chivalry
Knighthood and Chivalry
  • Chivalry was a system of ideals that governed knights
    • Loyalty to overlord
    • Rules of warfare
    • Adoration of a lady
crusades hundred years war
Crusades:

Series of religious wars to spread Christianity throughout Europe

Struggle against Muslims

Ultimately a failure

Europe benefited from contact with higher civilization of Middle East

Hundred Years’ War

Battles between England and France

Lasted over 100 years (1337-1453)

Feud stemming from Norman Invasion

Militarily unsuccessful for Britain; did increase sense of nationalism

Crusades & Hundred Years’ War
black death
Black Death
  • Highly contagious plague
  • Spread through cities from fleas of infested rats
  • Killed 1/3 of people in England
  • Gave more power to people in lower classes
    • Caused labor shortage
    • Lower class workers willing to work could negotiate wages and working conditions
martyrdom of sir thomas a becket
Martyrdom of Sir Thomas a Becket
  • Thomas was a Norman who had great power in England as well as Catholic church (prime minister and Archbishop)
  • Sided with the Pope rather than the King
  • King Henry II (half joking) said he wanted Thomas put to death
  • Henry’s knights killed Thomas in the cathedral at Canterbury
martyrdom of sir thomas a becket1
Martyrdom of Sir Thomas a Becket
  • Saint Thomas the Martyr
    • Made a saint and martyred by a cult following who opposed the king
  • People made pilgrimages to Canterbury to honor Saint Thomas’s memory
  • The Canterbury Tales are a fictional collection of stories from a group of people making this pilgrimage to Canterbury
homework
Homework
  • Read and outline:

“Development of English” p90-91

“From Canterbury Tales” p92-93

worst jobs in history
Worst Jobs in History
  • Middle Ages jobs

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ZrE1mVcB2k (part 1)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mPgkfxuyBgM&NR=1 (part 2)

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