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D-square (D-kwadraat). Digital Databases and Tools for Dutch Dialect Dictionaries. Jos Swanenberg, Folkert de Vriend & Roeland van Hout. Topics. Historical background Overview of project phases Conversion procedures New encoding for data End user access to the data.

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D square d kwadraat

D-square(D-kwadraat)

Digital Databases and Tools for Dutch Dialect Dictionaries

Jos Swanenberg, Folkert de Vriend & Roeland van Hout


Topics
Topics

  • Historical background

  • Overview of project phases

  • Conversion procedures

  • New encoding for data

  • End user access to the data


Macro structure wbd wld
Macro structure WBD & WLD

Volumes

  • Agricultural terminology

  • Other technical or craft terminologies

  • Common vocabulary


Micro structure wbd wld
Micro structure WBD & WLD

Constituents:

  • Lexical meaning (title, description of the concept)

  • Lexical form (‘dutchified’ entry)

  • Phonetic form

  • Sources

    - Geographical code (+ map)


Wbd wld
WBD & WLD

Example of WLD, volume 1:


History of automation
History of automation

1960-1980 Filing cards

1985-1995 Word processor, Genoveva

1995-2007 Databases + word proc.

2002 Online database WBD

2003 -2007 D-square


Wbd wld1
WBD & WLD

Filing cards:


Wbd wld2
WBD & WLD

Example of WLD, volume 1:


Online database wbd
Online database WBD

www.ru.nl/dialect






Raw data

FileM Pro

Edited data

XML

Raw data

Questionnaires Nijmegen and Leuven

Questionnaires (chiefly) Meertens

(parts of)

Vol. I+II

MS-Word

Vol. III

FileM Pro

Enriched

data

XML

Vol. I+II

MacWrite

Deel III

MS-Word

Vol. III

Filing cards

Online DB

WBD

(Polderland)

Edited data

Vol. I + II

Vol. III

Website

WBD/WLD

with tools for

searching and

cartography

Specialized

print editions

(dialect atlas

or local

dictionary)

SGV on CD

(Polderland)


Overview phases d square
Overview phases D-square

  • Conversion to a new format

  • End user access to data

  • Enrichment of data

  • Data management



Reasoning behind new encoding
Reasoning behind new encoding

  • XML, not relational database

  • Tailored to WBD and WLD

  • Flexible enough to be used for other dialect dictionaries

  • Based on standard: LMF (ISO TC 37/SC 4)




Example xml encoding
Example XML-encoding

<LEXICON dialect="Brabants">

<ENTRY>

<META>

</META>

<CONCEPT lang=“dutch” ontol_id=“492”>Meikever</CONCEPT>

<DATA>

<VARIANT type=“heteronym”>Bakkertje

<VARIANT type=“lexical”>bakkerke

<VARIANT type=“raw” import=“diplomatic”>bakkərkə

<LOCATION source1=“N83”>K 178</LOCATION>

</VARIANT>

</VARIANT>

</VARIANT>

</DATA>

</ENTRY>

</LEXICON>




Phase 2: end user access to data


Small scale survey
Small scale survey

  • - Tools: Search engine, Cartographic tool, Format conversions.

  • Enrichment: POS, morphemes (syllables)

  • - Links to other resources: Other dictionaries, questionnaires, FAND, MAND.


Difficulties to overcome
Difficulties to overcome

  • Search engine

    • Getting from question to query (coaching needed). Is SmartMatch (fuzzy matching) helpful in this regard?

    • Speed of XML searching

  • Cartography

  • Availability of base maps

  • Links to other resources

  • Differences in interpretation


Information about d square
Information about D-square

www.ru.nl/dialect



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