The Draft EU Regulation on F-Gases – Containment & Monitoring
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The Draft EU Regulation on F-Gases – Containment & Monitoring. Tim G.A. Vink Director Regulatory Affairs & Compliance Honeywell Fluorine Products Europe Brussels, July 27, 2004. Agenda. Global Warming Potential vs Global warming Impact Containment Monitoring.

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The Draft EU Regulation on F-Gases – Containment & Monitoring

Tim G.A. Vink

Director Regulatory Affairs & Compliance Honeywell Fluorine Products Europe

Brussels, July 27, 2004


Agenda
Agenda Monitoring

  • Global Warming Potential vs Global warming Impact

  • Containment

  • Monitoring


What is global warming potential gwp
What is Global Warming Potential (GWP)? Monitoring

Global Warming Impact ignored

  • GWP = f (Atmospheric Lifetime – LA, Radiative characteristics)

  • GWP Absolute = Radiative Effect accumulated over the full LA; (mW.yr.m-2.ppm-1)

  • GWP Relative = Radiative Effect accumulated over a fixed period relative to the radiative effect of a reference substance

    • Reference Period = 100 years (by convention)

    • Reference Substance = CO2

The Absolute GWP of CO2

The reference period of 100 years is unfavourable for shorter lived substances


What really matters is the warming impact
What really matters is the Warming Impact Monitoring

  • Warming Impact =  [f (GWPA, emissions )]

  • Emissions = f (tightness, charge)

  • Consequently, the emission levels are crucial:

    • Tightness

    • Charge

  • Look at the interdependencies (TEWI)

  • Energy Efficiency of the system

  • Emissions


Critical issue containment
Critical Issue: Containment Monitoring

  • All measures technically and economically feasible to prevent emissions

    • Design of equipment => CE marking

    • Quality of material, connections, installation =>Certified Personnel

    • Operating Conditions: Vibration, corrosion, degradation of materials

    • Preventive maintenance

  • Frequent leak-inspections >3 kg annually; >30 kg quarterly; >300 kg monthly

    • Accessibility of equipment

    • Energy Efficiency will be main driver

      • Charge loss means greater power consumption

      • Focus on total system performance: e.g. clean heat exchangers

    • Exemptions possible when leakage detection systems are in place (mandatory for > 300 kg)

      • Potential conflict with ventilation/safety requirements (EN 378)

Smaller charges and tighter circuits


Critical issue monitoring
Critical Issue: Monitoring Monitoring

  • Purpose of Monitoring:

    • Adequate data on actual emissions

    • Tool for operators of equipment

      • Actual power consumption may be more effective

      • Data need to drive actions

  • Monitoring through:

    • Log Books for installations

      • Charge and type of Refrigerant used

      • Quantities recovered and added

      • Verification of Qualifications

    • Data reporting by Producers and Importers:

      • Incomplete picture because it does not cover the complete supply chain

      • Trade in Equipment containing F-gases?

Monitoring is Necessary but not Sufficient


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