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Shelter/NFI Working Group Meeting. Islamabad, 11 th September 2014. Introduction and agenda. Flood situation overview Provincial updates  Early Recovery 2012 updates Shelter Cluster Evaluation  Shelter Research Update 

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Shelter/NFI Working Group Meeting

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Shelter nfi working group meeting

Shelter/NFI Working Group Meeting

Islamabad, 11th September2014


Introduction and agenda

Introduction and agenda

  • Flood situation overview

  • Provincial updates 

  • Early Recovery 2012 updates

  • Shelter Cluster Evaluation 

  • Shelter Research Update 

  • Key Findings from Study of Community Coping Capacities after Disasters (CCCD)

  • Humanitarian Programme Cycle 2015


Flood situation overview

Flood situation overview


2014 monsoon rainfall of departure 1 july 6 september

2014 Monsoon Rainfall, % of Departure,1 July – 6 September


Worst affected districts

Worst Affected Districts

Punjab

  • Sialkot, Narowal, Lahore, Gujranwala, MandiBahauddin, Gujrat, Hafizabad, Chiniot, & Jhang

    PAK & GB

  • PAK: HattianBala, Haveli, Sudhnoti and Kotli; GilgitBaltistan: Diamir


Shelter nfi working group meeting

  • As of 10 Sept, an estimated 233 people are reported to have lost their lives while, 40 people have been injured due to the flash floods (NDMA).

  • According to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) an estimated 7,790 houses have been reported as damaged or destroyed.

  • To provide immediate assistance to the affected families, 301 relief camps have been set up in the affected areas, providing emergency health care, cooked food, some non-food items and temporary shelter.

  • The authorities expect an estimated 3 million people to be affected by the floods in the coming days.


Provincial updates

Provincial updates


Sindh update

Sindh update


Flood forecasts sindh

Flood forecasts - Sindh

  • Significant flood forecast for River Indus at Guddu and Sukkur announced by Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMT) on 6th September.

  • River Indus likely to attain high to very high flood levels in the coming days.

  • Guddu: at risk 13th/14thSeptember 2014

  • Sukkur: at risk 14th/15thSeptember2014


Breach at sanghar

Breach at Sanghar

  • Breach reported in Jamrao canal RD-191 near bhajimori area of Shahdadpur. Rescue teams deployed.

  • Breach is approx. 150-200 feet, near Sanghar-ShahdadpurRoad of JaaganWasaan village. More than 20 villages reportedly inundated. Water entering in area of Tando Adam.


Provincial authorities update

Provincial Authorities Update

PDMA will convene a Sindh Humanitarian Coordination Meeting on 11th September to discuss agenda points below:

1. SoPsfor registration/endorsement of I/NGOs working in Sindh 

2. On-going floods in Pakistan and possible impacts in Sindh


Provincial authorities update1

Provincial Authorities Update

  • Coordination Meetings called by Deputy Commissioners in Sukkur and Kashmore on 8thSeptember for coming monsoon emergency.

  • Authorities have started announcements and flood alerts in katchaareas of Kandhkot, Kashmore and Sukkur for evacuation.

  • DC requested all humanitarian organizations to share their resources list with authorities as soon as possible.


Provincial coordination updates

Provincial Coordination Updates

  • Preparedness sessions on Information Management, Coordination during emergencies and CCCM held for Authorities and NGOs from August to September.

    • Districts Khairpur, Ghotki, Jacobabad, Kandhkot at Kashmore, Sukkur, Shikarpur and QamberShahdadkot

  • Regular coordination meetings convened in Sukkur, Jacobabad, Shikarpur and Kashmore for 2012 early recovery.


Provincial coordination updates1

Provincial Coordination Updates

  • Coordination meetings in Qamber Shahdadkotand Ghotki held as per need.

  • Current priorities: Advocacy related to coverage gaps; use of vulnerability criteria for selection of beneficiaries; enhanced engagement from local authorities needed.


Most acute gaps er 2012 shelter

Most acute gaps - ER 2012 shelter

Jacobabad

  • Ramzanpur, Mubarkpur, Jongal, Ghari Chand, Saeedokotand Thul Nao

    Kashmore

  • Sodi, Akherio, Goshpur, laloo, Habit, Maller and Badani

    Shikarpur

  • Amort Sharif, Rahimabad, Sultan Kot, Nim, Karan, GhairTego and GhairDakho

    Ghotki

  • Ranwati, WastiJaewan, Rukh and Adilpur

    QambarShadadkot

  • Aitbar Khan Chadio, Jamali, Qubo Saeed Khan and Mastoi


Challenges

Challenges

  • Recovery shelter construction is slower than expected, and shelter assistance coverage remains well below needs.

  • Good coverage of ER projects in Shikarpur and Jacobabad, but more support needed in Kashmore and Ghotki.

  • New shelter activities in Ghotki and QambarShadadkot not coordinated with working group and local authorities.


Kp fata update

KP/FATA update

NFI distribution

  • Targeted number of families is 83,000 (i.e. blanket coverage) with 50:50 split between NRC and UNHCR

  • To date, UNHCR has distributed about 37,000 and NRC has distributed about 28,000, i.e. around 78% coverage.


Kp fata update1

KP/FATA Update

Registration Data Upgrade

  • Joint task between WFP, UNHCR and PDMA / FDMA to improve and extend the data collected during the initial rapid registration

  • To support food distribution and provision of winterised NFIs later this year as, barring a few early returns, most IDPs will remain displaced over the winter. 

  • Data Upgrade starting this week at the 5 food distribution centres in Bannu and will then go to other districts once the winterised NFI distributions start within the next couple of months.


Kp fata update2

KP/FATA update

Protection Cluster Vulnerability Assessment

  • Currently 84,000 registered by FDMA, but 26,000 have failed a follow up verification by NADRA.

  • Vulnerability assessment attempts to identify the most vulnerable IDPs that have not been registered or remain unverified.  Six Vulnerability criteria agreed at HCT level.

  • Referrals for families to be assessed from field partners and the grievance desks that have been setup


Kp fata update3

KP/FATA Update

  • Recent pilot identified just 96 vulnerable families from 185 interviews (52%), from 300 recommendations from 5,000 families that had approached the grievance desks to date.  Estimated that around 5,000 vulnerable families will be identified overall during the coming month. 

  • Challenges are difficulties to find the people in the field and training enumerators to assess vulnerabilities accurately.  Also to complete fast enough before IDPs understand the criteria that are being used and adapt their answers accordingly.


Early recovery 2012 updates

Early Recovery 2012 updates


Shelter nfi working group meeting

Early Recovery Summary by Province - 2012


Shelter nfi working group meeting

ER Shelter - Agency Summary – 2012


Shelter nfi working group meeting

ER Shelter - Province Summary – 2012


Shelter cluster evaluation

Shelter Cluster Evaluation


Shelter research update

Shelter Research Update


Shelter research phase i completed

Shelter research Phase I -Completed

report available online at http://shelterpakistan.org/


Key achievements

Key achievements

  • Development of a comprehensive database to record post-flood shelter reconstruction projects implemented in Southern Pakistan since October 2010, in coordination with Shelter Cluster partners and relevant government stakeholders.

  • Mapping of recovery shelter projects related to floods between 2010 and 2012 to provide a visual overview of the shelter response, based on records from the newly-developed database.

  • Selection of 14 indicators with respective variables and metrics to assess the benefits and disadvantages of various shelter designs constructed during the Pakistan flood responses.

  • Design of a research methodology for Phase II to evaluate and compare the performance of various shelter solutions against flood hazards, ultimately recommending an optimal model for flood-resistant housing in Southern Pakistan.


Shelter research phase ii proposed

Building on the work completed during Phase I, the specific objectives for the second phase of the research are to:

Capture and analyse technical, economic, environmental and social advantages and disadvantages of various shelter recovery project designs, and build a comparative analysis of their performance in terms of flood resistance, climate proofing and wider resilience, environmental and market impact, value for money, and local suitability.

Shelter research Phase II Proposed


Shelter nfi working group meeting

Test and verify the scientific validity of key DRR features introduced in shelter programmes since 2010 through rigorous physical material testing.

  • Physical testing will potentially include:

    • Immersion tests

    • Full scale structural strength tests

    • Material tests to determine the physical and mechanical properties of different materials e.g. material strength test

    • Water absorption tests

  • These tests relate to the following hazards, which will be covered in the research:

    • Damages to foundation and sub-structure due to flooding and standing water

    • Damages to walls and super-structure failures due to long-standing water, flooding, heavy rains and strong winds

    • Roof collapse due to heavy rains, stagnant water or strong winds


Shelter nfi working group meeting

Objectives

  • Define best practices and develop recommendations for stronger flood resilient/DRR construction technologies that are low-cost, replicable, adapted to vernacular designs and contribute to building the overall resilience of communities at risk.

  • Produce a set of guideline documents (Post-Flood Recovery Shelter Toolkit) on improved flood-resistant, low-cost housing in Southern Pakistan that is adapted to the needs of various audiences to inform future shelter and housing programming.


Key findings from study of community coping capacities after disasters cccd

Key Findings from Study of Community Coping Capacities after Disasters (CCCD)


Context

Context

  • Objectives

  • Methodology

  • Terminology


Recovery ratio aftermath challenges versus current challenges

Recovery ratioaftermath challenges versus current challenges


Coping capacities what are they

Coping Capacities – what are they?


Why those coping mechanisms

Why those coping mechanisms?


Housing conditions before and after flooding assisted vs unassisted

Housing conditions before and after flooding assisted vs unassisted


Use of drr techniques assisted vs unassisted

Use of DRR Techniquesassisted vs unassisted


Shelter assisted communities

Shelter - Assisted Communities


Shelter unassisted communities

Shelter – unassisted communities


Humanitarian programme cycle 2015

Humanitarian Programme Cycle 2015

  • Replaces the Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP)

  • Piloted in 21 countries including Pakistan in 2014


Components

Components

  • Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO)

    • KP/FATA IDPs

    • Refugees

    • Nutrition

    • Residual Shelter Needs (?)

  • Strategic Response Plan (SRP)

    • projectization vs. cost per action

      More info: www.humanitarianresponse.info/programme-cycle


Shelter nfi working group meeting

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