The European Key Role in the Design, Construction and Operation of ITER Doug Bartlett Directorate K - “Energy” DG Research and Innovation European Commission. The Atom Unexplored conference, Turin, 4 May 2012. Deuterium. Helium. + Energy. E=mc 2. neutron. Tritium. Outline.
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The European Key Role in the Design, Construction and Operation of ITER
Directorate K - “Energy”
DG Research and Innovation
The Atom Unexplored conference, Turin, 4 May 2012
Fusion – where are we going?
1) Basic physics
2) Physics and technology R&D
3) Power station!
Fusion as a potential energy source
Fusion – how do we get there?
How do we organise all this?
ITER - Overview
The aims of ITER
The first tokamak, T1 (1968)
The EURATOM Fusion Programme
Organisation of the R&D programme
Distributed R&D 26 Associations
JET, the Joint European Torus
A major upgrade of JET in support of ITER
Interior of the JET vacuum vessel
Installation of components using remote handling technology
Some ITER components provided by the EU
Toroidal Field CoilNb3Sn, 18 coils
Blanket Module421 modules
Vacuum Vessel9 sectors
IC, EC, NBI
Central SolenoidNb3Sn, 6 modules
Inner Divertor54 cassettes
+ Diagnostics Remote Handling Tritium Plant Pumping/Fuelling Power Supplies…
Neutral Beam Test Facility
This major facility builds on the world class expertise of Europe in this field.
It is being built in Padua (IT)
Europe is the biggest player in ITER:
The site in September 2011
Artist’s impression of the completed facility
On top of the columns are the anti-seismic bearings which will support the nuclear buildings - a total weight of 360,000 tonnes (equivalent to a very large skyscraper)
Some of the superconducting magnetic coils are too large to transport (18m diameter) and will be fabricated on-site in this building