Intro to subjunctive mood
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Intro to Subjunctive Mood. Stage 23/24. What is SUBJUNCTIVE?. The Subjunctive is one of the three different moods a Latin verb can take. The two other moods are the Indicative and the Imperative .

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What is subjunctive
What is SUBJUNCTIVE?

The Subjunctive is one of the three different moods a Latin verb can take.

The two other moods are the Indicative and the Imperative.

The subjunctive is perhaps the most common and also most difficult to grasp, and there is a great number of different subjunctive uses


Why are there different moods
Why are there different Moods?

  • Each Mood has its own distinct purpose:

    • Imperative Mood is used for direct commands

    • Indicative Mood is used for things that actually happened

    • The Subjunctive Mood is used for things that might happen or haven’t happened yet.


The cum clause
The CUM clause

When a sentence begins with CUM and has a subjunctive verb in it we call this a CUM clause.

CUM in this case is translated as “when” (although it can have other uses you will learn later)

This formal name for this is a CUM TEMPORAL clause


Verb power
VERB POWER!

  • Different Moods have different strengths:

    • Imperative is the strongest mood, it is always the main verb.

    • Indicative is the next strongest, it is the main verb as long as there is not an imperative in the sentence.

    • Subjunctive is the weakest mood: it is rarely the main verb


How do i identify subjunctive mood
How do I identify subjunctive mood?

The imperfect subjunctive is formed by adding the personal endings (-m, -s, -t, -mus, -tis, -nt) to the present infinitive (often the second principal part).

The pluperfect subjunctive is formed by adding the personal endings to the perfect infinitive (3rd pp + isse)


Imperfect subjunctive example
Imperfect Subjunctive Example

For voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatumthe imperfect subjunctives are formed thus:

Vocare-m vocare-mus

Vocare-s vocare-tis

Vocare-t vocare-nt

And are translated “When _____ was/were calling”


Pluperfect subj example
Pluperfect Subj. Example

For voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatumthe pluperfect subjunctives are formed thus:

Vocav-isse-m Vocav-isse-mus

Vocav-isse-s Vocav-isse-tis

Vocav-isse-t Vocav-isse-nt

And are translated “when _____ had called”


Conjugate the following
Conjugate the following

Imperfect Subjunctive

MOVEO, MOVERE, MOVI, MOTUS

Pluperfect Subjunctive

AMO, AMARE, AMAVI, AMATUS


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