Alternative fuel infrastructure strategies for getting your fleet access to alternative fuel
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Alternative Fuel Infrastructure: Strategies for Getting Your Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel. Vista Consultants, LLC Marc McConahy ([email protected]) FEMP Fleet Contractor since 2001

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  • Vista Consultants, LLC Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

  • Marc McConahy ([email protected])

    • FEMP Fleet Contractor since 2001

    • Facilitator monthly Interagency Committee on Alternative Fuels and Low Emission Vehicles(INTERFUEL for short) since 1991

    • Experience with all alternative fuels and supporting infrastructure


  • Department of Veterans Affairs Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

  • Regina Larrabee ([email protected])

    • Mechanical Engineer

    • Federal facility energy programs for 20+ years

    • Part of VA fleet program since 2008

    • VA Fleet Program Manager since 2010

    • Has taken the lead in the installation of E85 stations throughout Veterans Affairs


  • VA accomplishments Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

    • Completed a feasibility study in 2009 identifying requirements for 91 potential on-site E85 stations

    • Centrally funded program to install E85 tanks at medical centers

      • Awarded contracts for 33 projects in FY 2011;

        • 9 have been completed and are now in operation;

        • 24 more to go


  • Department of the Interior Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

  • Mark Rich ([email protected])

    • Mammoth Cave National Park Concessions and Safety Manager

    • 30 + years with the National Park Service (NPS)

    • NPS Environmental Auditor

    • Chair of the Mammoth Cave National Park Green Team since 2004


  • Mammoth Fleet Access to Alternative FuelCave NP Accomplishments

    • First unit of the US Department of Interior to develop an on-site fueling station for E85 ethanol

    • First unit of the National Park to become 100% alternative fuel compatible in the GSA motor fleet.

    • Current alternative fuel station offers E85, Bio-Diesel, and Propane

    • Active partnership with the park concessioner Forever Resorts


  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

  • Bruce Chesson ([email protected])

    • Transportation Officer and Alternative Fuel Program Manager for NASA's John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Florida since 2004.

    • Built E-85 and electric charging infrastructure.

    • Current operating fleet is over 1300 + vehicles - 77% alternative Fuels


  • Kennedy Space Center Accomplishments Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

    • Vehicles in active use: 77 Low Speed Electric; 34 dedicated Compressed Natural Gas (CNG); 87 Bi-Fuel vehicles (CNG or unleaded gasoline); 677 E-85; 110 B20; 33 Hybrids

    • KSC has been early adopters for highway speed electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.

    • Operate CNG, E85, B20 and EV stations on-site

Clean Cars at KSC


  • General Services Administration Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

  • Sean Seymour ([email protected])

    • Alternative Fuel Vehicle Analyst

    • Office of Fleet Management for 3 years

    • Experience in Electric Vehicle Charging Station Procurement and Monitoring


  • GSA accomplishments Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

    • Electric Vehicle Pilot

      • 116 Electric Vehicles

      • 88 GSA Purchased Charging Stations

      • 3 Different Vendors

    • Electric Vehicle Charging Station Availability

      • Schedule 23V SIN 272 105 New Technologies

      • 9 Manufacturers Under GSA Advantage


  • Department of the Navy – US Marine Corps Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

    • Jim Gough ([email protected])

    • Marine Corps Transportation Services Director since 2005.

    • Responsible for developing and managing the Petroleum Reduction/Alternative Fuel & Vehicle Strategy

    • Acquisition and transportation management operations budget exceeds $100M annually


  • US Marine Corps Accomplishments Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

    • E-85 use doubled each year since 2007

    • Biodiesel use strong, leveling off

    • CNG use recovering increasing from downward slide ended in 2010

    • H2 FCV pilots in SoCal &Hawaii, 6 FCVs

    • EV charging infrastructure growing


Order of Our Infrastructure Discussion Today Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

  • Hydrogen

  • Propane

  • Natural Gas

  • Biodiesel

  • Electricity

  • E85 Ethanol


AF Infrastructure Challenges Encountered Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

  • Hydrogen

    • Technology is not standardized

    • Emphasis on hydrogen vehicles has declined

    • Infrastructure Cost / Vehicle Cost

    • Finding space – Tank installation and vehicle/delivery truck access

    • Codes/Laws – Fire and building codes


AF Infrastructure Challenges Encountered Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

  • Propane

    • Few vehicles available

    • Infrastructure Costs relatively low

    • Fleet acceptance

    • Codes/Laws – Fire and building codes


AF Infrastructure Challenges Encountered Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

  • Natural Gas (LNG or CNG)

    • Local infrastructure available

    • Infrastructure costs high / maintenance complex (gas company willing to install in some locations)

    • Dispenser electronics do not last forever; manufacturers come and go – parts availability

    • Availability of vehicle maintenance limited

    • Codes/Laws – Fire and building codes


AF Infrastructure Challenges Encountered Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

  • Biodiesel

    • Uncertainties about performance in cold weather

    • Concern about voiding vehicle warranties

    • Insufficient use to support bio-diesel tank

    • Incompatible dispensing hoses

    • Swap from diesel to biodiesel

    • Do not use biodiesel in static tanks (emergency generators)


AF Infrastructure Challenges Encountered Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

  • Electricity

    • Need to reserve parking spaces solely for EVs

    • Lack authority to allow charging of non-government vehicles

    • Up-Front Financial Costs – Infrastructure is reasonably priced, installation can be very expensive

    • Storm outages of chargers

    • Resetting of ground fault protection safety circuit breakers

    • Billing and payment issues

    • How Many Stations are needed to Support a Fleet?

    • Which Network Manager to Choose?

    • Codes/Laws – Fire and building codes


AF Infrastructure Fleet Access to Alternative FuelChallenges Encountered

  • Ethanol (E85)

    • Finding space – Tank installation and vehicle/delivery truck access

    • Codes/Laws – Fire Codes, permitting

    • Landlords – Leased property / coordination with other agencies

    • NEPA – Complicated process / Historical sites / Odd requirements

    • Station installers with no E85 experience, station designers with limited experience – economic delivery and stock rotation needs

    • Installation materials not E85 compatible


Thank you for participating! Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

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