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Alternative Fuel Infrastructure: Strategies for Getting Your Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel

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Alternative Fuel Infrastructure: Strategies for Getting Your Fleet Access to Alternative Fuel. Vista Consultants, LLC Marc McConahy ([email protected]) FEMP Fleet Contractor since 2001

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slide2

Vista Consultants, LLC

  • Marc McConahy ([email protected])
    • FEMP Fleet Contractor since 2001
    • Facilitator monthly Interagency Committee on Alternative Fuels and Low Emission Vehicles(INTERFUEL for short) since 1991
    • Experience with all alternative fuels and supporting infrastructure
slide4

Department of Veterans Affairs

  • Regina Larrabee ([email protected])
    • Mechanical Engineer
    • Federal facility energy programs for 20+ years
    • Part of VA fleet program since 2008
    • VA Fleet Program Manager since 2010
    • Has taken the lead in the installation of E85 stations throughout Veterans Affairs
slide5

VA accomplishments

    • Completed a feasibility study in 2009 identifying requirements for 91 potential on-site E85 stations
    • Centrally funded program to install E85 tanks at medical centers
      • Awarded contracts for 33 projects in FY 2011;
        • 9 have been completed and are now in operation;
        • 24 more to go
slide7

Department of the Interior

  • Mark Rich ([email protected])
    • Mammoth Cave National Park Concessions and Safety Manager
    • 30 + years with the National Park Service (NPS)
    • NPS Environmental Auditor
    • Chair of the Mammoth Cave National Park Green Team since 2004
slide8

Mammoth Cave NP Accomplishments

    • First unit of the US Department of Interior to develop an on-site fueling station for E85 ethanol
    • First unit of the National Park to become 100% alternative fuel compatible in the GSA motor fleet.
    • Current alternative fuel station offers E85, Bio-Diesel, and Propane
    • Active partnership with the park concessioner Forever Resorts
slide10

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

  • Bruce Chesson ([email protected])
    • Transportation Officer and Alternative Fuel Program Manager for NASA\'s John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Florida since 2004.
    • Built E-85 and electric charging infrastructure.
    • Current operating fleet is over 1300 + vehicles - 77% alternative Fuels
slide11

Kennedy Space Center Accomplishments

    • Vehicles in active use: 77 Low Speed Electric; 34 dedicated Compressed Natural Gas (CNG); 87 Bi-Fuel vehicles (CNG or unleaded gasoline); 677 E-85; 110 B20; 33 Hybrids
    • KSC has been early adopters for highway speed electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.
    • Operate CNG, E85, B20 and EV stations on-site

Clean Cars at KSC

slide13

General Services Administration

  • Sean Seymour ([email protected])
    • Alternative Fuel Vehicle Analyst
    • Office of Fleet Management for 3 years
    • Experience in Electric Vehicle Charging Station Procurement and Monitoring
slide14

GSA accomplishments

    • Electric Vehicle Pilot
      • 116 Electric Vehicles
      • 88 GSA Purchased Charging Stations
      • 3 Different Vendors
    • Electric Vehicle Charging Station Availability
      • Schedule 23V SIN 272 105 New Technologies
      • 9 Manufacturers Under GSA Advantage
slide16

Department of the Navy – US Marine Corps

    • Jim Gough ([email protected])
    • Marine Corps Transportation Services Director since 2005.
    • Responsible for developing and managing the Petroleum Reduction/Alternative Fuel & Vehicle Strategy
    • Acquisition and transportation management operations budget exceeds $100M annually
slide17

US Marine Corps Accomplishments

    • E-85 use doubled each year since 2007
    • Biodiesel use strong, leveling off
    • CNG use recovering increasing from downward slide ended in 2010
    • H2 FCV pilots in SoCal &Hawaii, 6 FCVs
    • EV charging infrastructure growing
slide19

Order of Our Infrastructure Discussion Today

  • Hydrogen
  • Propane
  • Natural Gas
  • Biodiesel
  • Electricity
  • E85 Ethanol
slide20

AF Infrastructure Challenges Encountered

  • Hydrogen
    • Technology is not standardized
    • Emphasis on hydrogen vehicles has declined
    • Infrastructure Cost / Vehicle Cost
    • Finding space – Tank installation and vehicle/delivery truck access
    • Codes/Laws – Fire and building codes
slide21

AF Infrastructure Challenges Encountered

  • Propane
    • Few vehicles available
    • Infrastructure Costs relatively low
    • Fleet acceptance
    • Codes/Laws – Fire and building codes
slide22

AF Infrastructure Challenges Encountered

  • Natural Gas (LNG or CNG)
    • Local infrastructure available
    • Infrastructure costs high / maintenance complex (gas company willing to install in some locations)
    • Dispenser electronics do not last forever; manufacturers come and go – parts availability
    • Availability of vehicle maintenance limited
    • Codes/Laws – Fire and building codes
slide23

AF Infrastructure Challenges Encountered

  • Biodiesel
    • Uncertainties about performance in cold weather
    • Concern about voiding vehicle warranties
    • Insufficient use to support bio-diesel tank
    • Incompatible dispensing hoses
    • Swap from diesel to biodiesel
    • Do not use biodiesel in static tanks (emergency generators)
slide24

AF Infrastructure Challenges Encountered

  • Electricity
    • Need to reserve parking spaces solely for EVs
    • Lack authority to allow charging of non-government vehicles
    • Up-Front Financial Costs – Infrastructure is reasonably priced, installation can be very expensive
    • Storm outages of chargers
    • Resetting of ground fault protection safety circuit breakers
    • Billing and payment issues
    • How Many Stations are needed to Support a Fleet?
    • Which Network Manager to Choose?
    • Codes/Laws – Fire and building codes
slide25

AF Infrastructure Challenges Encountered

  • Ethanol (E85)
    • Finding space – Tank installation and vehicle/delivery truck access
    • Codes/Laws – Fire Codes, permitting
    • Landlords – Leased property / coordination with other agencies
    • NEPA – Complicated process / Historical sites / Odd requirements
    • Station installers with no E85 experience, station designers with limited experience – economic delivery and stock rotation needs
    • Installation materials not E85 compatible
slide26

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