Iamb
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Iamb. A unit of 2 syllables, 1 unstressed (da), and 1 stressed. Create your own Iamb. Iambic Pentameter.

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Iamb

  • A unit of 2 syllables, 1 unstressed (da), and 1 stressed.

  • Create your own Iamb.


Iambic pentameter
Iambic Pentameter

  • Iambic Pentameter: The meter (rhythm) Shakespeare commonly uses in his plays. Lines are written with 10 syllables each, 5 unstressed (da) and 5 stressed (dum). Made up of 5 iambs total. Sounds like this: da, dum, da, dum, da, dum, da, dum, da, dum. Ending words rhyme (aa, b

  • Find Iambic Pentameter on p. 23.


Blank verse
Blank Verse

  • When lines are written in iambic pentameter (10 syllables) but their ending words don’t rhyme.

  • Create two lines (10 syllables each) of blank verse.


Prose
Prose

  • When the characters speak without rhyme and without rhythm. Like you or I would speak normally everyday.

  • Locate a passage of prose in the play. Tip: it won’t look like a poem, but like a paragraph.


Shakespearean sonnet
Shakespearean Sonnet

  • 14 lines of iambic pentameter with the following rhyme scheme: abab, cdcd, efef, gg. Used to express especially poetic, beautiful ideas.

  • Locate the 14 lines of a sonnet on p. 57-58.


Couplet
Couplet

  • The final two rhyming lines of a sonnet. Usually the most important because they capture the entire sonnet’s message.

  • Locate the couplet in the sonnet on p.65


Pun

  • A form of wordplay that occurs when two words pronounced and spelled similarly contain different meanings.

  • Locate and explain the pun using “lie” on p. 45.


Metaphors and similes
Metaphors and Similes

  • Metaphor: Comparing two objects/ideas by saying one IS the other.

  • Simile: Comparing two objects/ideas by saying one is LIKE, AS, or SEEMS to be the other

  • Locate a metaphor OR simile in Act II, Scene 2 (balcony scene)