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Lesson 12. Belief in the Last Day. Death is a decree of Allah since eternity, and could not happen in advance or even be postponed, and Allah only knows when it will occur.

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Lesson 12

Lesson 12

Belief in the Last Day






  • Proofs on the Lesson from Qur which the Prophet noted, such as corruption and change of people’s conditions, as well as the major signs. ’an and Sunnah


The last day death is a decree of allah
The Last Day: which the Prophet noted, such as corruption and change of people’s conditions, as well as the major signs. Death is a Decree of Allah

  • The verse says:

  • ﴿هُوَالَّذِى خَلَقَكُم مِّن طِينٍ ثُمَّ قَضَى أَجَلاً وَأَجَلٌ مُّسَمًّى عِندَهُ ﴾

  • [الأنعام: 2]


  • The verse means: which the Prophet noted, such as corruption and change of people’s conditions, as well as the major signs.

  • “He it is Who has created you from clay, and then has decreed a stated term (for you to die). And there is with Him another determined term (for you to be resurrected).”

  • (Surah Al An`am: 2)


  • Allah says: which the Prophet noted, such as corruption and change of people’s conditions, as well as the major signs.

  • ﴿أَيْنَمَا تَكُونُوا يُدْرِككُّمُ الْمَوْتُ وَلَوْ كُنتُمْ فِى بُرُوجٍ مُّشَيَّدَةٍ﴾[النساء: 78]


  • This means: which the Prophet noted, such as corruption and change of people’s conditions, as well as the major signs.

  • “Wheresoever you may be, death will overtake you even if you are in fortresses built up strong and high!”

  • (Surah An-Nisa’: 78)


  • And says: which the Prophet noted, such as corruption and change of people’s conditions, as well as the major signs.

  • ﴿وَلَوْ يُؤَاخِذُ اللَّهُ النَّاسَ بِظُلْمِهِم مَّاتَرَكَ عَلَيْهاَ مِن دَابَّةٍ وَلَكِن يُؤَخِّرُهُمْ إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى فَإِذَا جَاءَ أَجَلُهُمْ لاَ يَسْتَأْخِرُونَ سَاعَةً وَلاَ يَسْتَقْدِمُونَ ﴾

  • [النحل: 61]


  • This means: which the Prophet noted, such as corruption and change of people’s conditions, as well as the major signs.

  • “And if Allah were to seize mankind for their wrong-doing, He would not leave on it (the earth) a single moving (living) creature, but He postpones them for an appointed term and when their term comes, neither can they delay nor can they advance it an hour (or a moment).”

  • (Surah An-Nahl: 61)


  • And: which the Prophet noted, such as corruption and change of people’s conditions, as well as the major signs.

  • ﴿ وَمَاَتَدْرِى نَفْسٌ بِأَىِّ أَرْضٍ تَمُوتُ﴾

  • [لقمان: 34]


  • This means: which the Prophet noted, such as corruption and change of people’s conditions, as well as the major signs.

  • “And no person knows in what land he will die.”

  • (Surah Luqman: 34)


The torture of the grave
The Torture of the Grave which the Prophet noted, such as corruption and change of people’s conditions, as well as the major signs.

  • Allah says:

  • ﴿ وَحَاقَ بآلِ فِرْعَوْنَ سُوءُ الْعَذَابِ* النَّارُ يُعْرَضُونَ عَلَيْهَا غُدُوًّا وَعَشِيًّا وَيَوْمَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ أَدْخِلُوا آلَ فِرْعَونَ أَشَدَّ الْعَذَابِ﴾

  • [غافر: 45- 46]


  • This means: which the Prophet noted, such as corruption and change of people’s conditions, as well as the major signs.

  • “While an evil torment encompassed Fir'awn's (Pharaoh) people. The Fire; they are exposed to it, morning and afternoon, and on the Day when the Hour will be established (it will be said to the angels): "Cause Fir'awn's (Pharaoh) people to enter the severest torment!''” (Surah Ghafir: 45 - 46)


  • The Prophet (PBUH) said: which the Prophet noted, such as corruption and change of people’s conditions, as well as the major signs.

  • “When anyone of you dies, he is shown his place both in the morning and in the evening. If he is one of the people of Paradise; he is shown his place in it, and if he is of the people of the Hell-Fire; he is shown his place therein. Then, it is said to him, ‘This is your place till Allah resurrect you on the Day of Resurrection.’”

  • (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)


The hour
The Hour: which the Prophet noted, such as corruption and change of people’s conditions, as well as the major signs.

  • Allah says:

  • إنَّ السَّاعَةَ لآتِيَةٌ لا رَيْبَ فِيهَا [غافر: 59]



  • Allah says: coming, therein is no doubt”

  • وَمَا يُدْرِيكَ لَعَلَّ السَّاعَةَ قَرِيبٌ . يَسْتَعْجِلُ بِهَا الَّذِينَ لا يُؤْمِنُون بِهَا وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مُشْفِقُونَ مِنْهَا وَيَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهَا الْحَقّ أَلا إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُمَارُونَ فِي السَّاعَةِ لَفِي ضَلالٍ بَعِيد[الشورى: 17 - 18]


  • This means: “And what can make you know that perhaps the Hour is close at hand? Those who believe not therein seek to hasten it, while those who believe are fearful of it, and know that it is the very truth. Verily, those who dispute concerning the Hour are certainly in error far away.” (42, Ash-Shura: 17 - 18)


  • Allah says: Hour is close at hand? Those who believe not therein seek to hasten it, while those who believe are fearful of it, and know that it is the very truth. Verily, those who dispute concerning the Hour are certainly in error far away.”

  • يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ السَّاعَةِ أَيَّانَ مُرْسَاهَا قُلْ إِنَّمَا عِلْمُهَا عِندَ رَبِّي لاَ يُجَلِّيهَا لِوَقْتِهَا إِلاَّ هُوَ ثَقُلَت فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ لاَ تَأْتِيكُمْ إِلاَّ بَغْتَةً يَسْأَلُونَكَ كَأَنَّكَ حَفِيّ عَنْهَا قُلْ إِنَّمَا عِلْمُهَا عِندَ اللّهِ وَلَـكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ

  • [الأعراف: 187]


  • This means: “They ask you about the Hour (Day of Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''” (7, Al-A`raf: 187)


  • The Prophet Muhammad Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''” (peace be upon him ) said:

  • “My advent and the advent of the Day of Judgment are placed together as my two fingers.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)


  • There are more proofs in the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”


The great signs of the hour
The Great Signs of the Hour Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • Allah says:

  • ﴿إِذَا السَّمَاءُ انشَقَّتْ﴾

  • [الانشقاق: 1]


  • This means: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • “When the heaven is split asunder.”

  • (Surah Al-Inshiqaq, 1)


  • And: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • ﴿إِذَا السَّمَاءُ انفَطَرَتْ﴾

  • [الانفطار: 1]


  • This means: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • “When the heaven is cleft asunder.”

  • (Surah Al-Infitar, 1)


  • And: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • ﴿ إِذَا الشَّمْسُ كُوِّرَتْ  *وَ إِذَا النُّجُومُ انكَدَرَتْ﴾

  • [التكوير: 1،2]


  • This means: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • “When the sun Kuwwirat (wound round and lost its light). And when the stars shall be turbid.”

  • (Surah At-Takwir: 1 - 2)


  • Allah says: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • ﴿ وَإِذَا الْكَوَاكِبُ انتَثَرَتْ﴾

  • [الانفطار: 2]


  • This means: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • “And when the plants have fallen and scattered.”

  • (Surah Al-Infitar: 2)


  • And: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • ﴿وَإِذَا الْبِحَارُ فُجِّرَتْ﴾

  • [الانفطار: 3]


  • This means: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • “And when the seas are burst forth.”

  • (Surah Al-Infitar: 3)


  • And: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • ﴿ وَإِذَا السَّمَاءُ كُشِطَتْ﴾

  • [التكوير: 11]


  • This means: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • “And when the heaven shall be stripped off.”

  • (Surah At-Takwir: 11)


  • And: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • ﴿ يَوْمَ نَطْوِي السَّمَاءَ كَطَيِّ السِّجِلِّ لِلْكُتُبِ﴾

  • [الأنبياء: 104]


  • This means: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • “And (remember) the Day when We shall roll up the heavens like a scroll rolled up for books.”

  • (Surah Al-Anbiya’: 104)


  • Allah says: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • ﴿ فَإِذَا انشَقَّتِ السَّمَاءُ فَكَانَتْ وَرْدَةً كَالدِّهَانِ﴾

  • [الرحمن: 37]


  • This means: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • “Then when the heaven is rent asunder, and it becomes rosy or red like red-oil, or red hide.”

  • (Surah Ar-Rahman: 37)


  • And says: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • ﴿ وَإِذَا وَقَعَ الْقَوْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ أَخْرَجْنَا لَهُمْ دَابَّةً مِّنَ الأَرْضِ تُكَلِّمُهُمْ ﴾[النمل: 82]


  • This means: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • “And when the Word (of torment) is fulfilled against them, We shall bring out from the earth a beast to them, which will speak to them.”

  • (Surah An-Naml: 82)


  • Lastly: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • ﴿حَتَّى إِذَا فُتِحَتْ يَأْجُوجُ وَمَأْجُوجُ وَهُم مِّن كُلِّ حَدَبٍ يَنسِلُونَ﴾[الأنبياء: 96]


  • This means: Resurrection): "When will be its appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not.''”

  • “Until, when Ya'juj and Ma'juj (Gog and Magog) are let loose (from their barrier), and they swiftly swarm from every mound.”

  • (Surah Al-Anbiya’: 96)


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