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The Victorian and Australian Grains Industry. Presentation to the Asociación de Cooperativas Argentinas November 10, 2007. Victorian Grain Production -a typical year?. Victoria produces between 4 and 5 million tonne of grain annually depending of course on seasonal conditions including

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The victorian and australian grains industry

The Victorian and Australian Grains Industry

Presentation to the Asociación de Cooperativas Argentinas

November 10, 2007


Victorian grain production a typical year
Victorian Grain Production-a typical year?

  • Victoria produces between 4 and 5 milliontonne of grain annually depending of course on seasonal conditions including

    • Wheat: 2-2.5 million tonne, with up to 21 grades of wheat across Victoria.

    • Barley: 1-2 million tonne, with up to 25 segregations based on grade and variety.


2007 08 season
2007-08 Season

  • Wheat – 1.7 million tonnes

  • Barley – 950 000 tonnes

  • Canola - 212 000 tonnes

  • 42 per cent below the five year average (2001-02 to 2005-06)

  • Still almost double 2006/07 production of these crops in 2006-07.


Rainfall in 2007
Rainfall in 2007

Blue: Average rainfall

White: Average rainfall

Light Red: Much Below Average

Dark red: Lowest on record


Rainfall june 1 july 31 the following sept and oct have been driest on record
Rainfall June 1 – July 31(The following Sept. and Oct. have been driest on record)

Blue: Above average rainfall

White: Average rainfall

Light Red: Much Below Average

Dark red: Lowest on record





Australian winter grains
Australian Winter Grains

  • Average winter crop 32mmt

    • Wheat 19mmt

    • Barley 7.6mmt

    • Canola 1.3mmt

      Highest Winter crop 43mmt (2003/04)

      Lowest Winter Crop 14.6 mmt (1994/95)

  • Around 300mls of growing season rainfall (April – Oct) is needed

  • Spring conditions are critical in determining crop size.




Wheat production1
Wheat Production

  • 19.4mmt average production

  • Accounts for 60% of total winter grain production

  • Highest 26mmt (2003), Lowest 8.9mmt (1994)

  • Domestic Consumption – approx 6.5mmt per year

  • Approx 70% of production is exported – Asia 65%, Middle East 20%


Barley production
Barley Production

  • 7.5mmt average production

  • Accounts for 23% total winter grains

  • Approx 35% Malt Barley / 65% Feed Barley

  • Domestic Consumption 3.3mmt per year

  • Approx 60% of production exported annually.



Domestic feed demand
Domestic Feed Demand

  • Approximately 8.0-8.5mmt of the winter crop production is used as feed

    • Wheat 3.5mmt

    • Barley 2.3mmt

    • Oats 1.0mmt

    • Triticale 0.5mmt


Exports
Exports

  • With domestic demand on the East Coast, exports are predominantly from the West Coast (WA/SA)




Vic good ordinary year 3 4 million tonnes
Vic : Good-Ordinary-Year?3-4 million tonnes




Current vic grain demand 2008
Current Vic. grain demand 2008

  • Flour Milling 593,000 tonnes

  • Malting 298,000 tonnes

  • Feed Grain 3,360,000 tonnes




Research and development
Research and Development

  • Public versus private investment

  • GRDC (60% grower funded, 40% taxpayer)

    • 0.99 percent of net farm value for 24 grains

    • 0.693 per cent net farm value for maize

  • State Government, Universities and State based breeding facilities

  • Private companies and joint ventures

  • GM technology

  • End Point Royalties


Grain handling
Grain Handling

  • Currently the costs of handling Victorian grain are between $40-$50 per tonne.

  • Off-farm costs represent up to one third of the gross receipts on a tonnage basis for barley and wheat production.

  • The main handler of grain in Victoria is GrainCorp Ltd. The customers include grain marketers who sell in both Australia and abroad and domestic grain consumers such as millers, maltsters and stock feeders.



What the vff is doing for members
What the VFF is doing for members

  • Brokerage

  • Credit reference checks

  • Primary producer registrations

  • Access to technologies



Vff structure
VFF Structure

  • Represents 18,000 Victorian Farmers

  • 4,500 grain farmers

  • Provide voice for grass root grain growers

  • 11 District Councils within grain area

  • Aim is to maximise returns to members and ensure their long-term viability, as well as helping to ensure the industry's ongoing competitiveness and profitability.


Vff grains group
VFF Grains Group

  • Advocacy for Grain Growers on:

    • Rail investment

    • Biotechnology

    • Contract issues

  • Services for members

    • Credit Check Service

    • Marketing Decisions Table




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