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Ethanol in the Sorghum Belt. Greg Shelor Farmer from Minneola, Kansas President, Kansas Grain Sorghum Producers Association President, National Sorghum Producers. Sorghum and Ethanol— A Natural Fit. In Kansas more ethanol is made from grain sorghum than from corn. Why?

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Ethanol in the Sorghum Belt

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Ethanol in the sorghum belt

Ethanol in theSorghum Belt

Greg Shelor

Farmer from Minneola, Kansas

President, Kansas Grain Sorghum Producers Association

President, National Sorghum Producers

Sorghum and ethanol a natural fit

Sorghum and Ethanol—A Natural Fit

  • In Kansas more ethanol is made from grain sorghum than from corn.

  • Why?

  • Economics. Sorghum price is often more competitive than corn.

  • Ethanol Yield—Sorghum and corn are interchangeable in the ethanol making process

Our 1 customer

Our #1 Customer—

  • Most of our grain sorghum crop is fed to cattle. 1/3 of grain used in ethanol production comes out as wet or dry distillers grains, a high nutrient cattle feed

Where is the sorghum belt

Where Is the Sorghum Belt?

  • The Sorghum Belt includes the top sorghum producing states:

    #1 Kansas— nearly 50% of U.S. sorghum was produced in Kansas in 2005

    #2 Texas

    #3 Nebraska

    #4 Oklahoma

Why the sorghum belt

Why the Sorghum Belt?

  • We are seeing good expansion of the ethanol industry in the sorghum belt.

  • Sorghum is grown in areas of livestock production

  • Livestock feeders use sorghum, but also value distillers grains, the coproduct of ethanol production

Why ethanol is important to sorghum growers

Why Ethanol Is Important to Sorghum Growers

  • Producers often struggle to get fair price for sorghum

  • Ethanol plants provide a strong market for sorghum, boosting price

  • In areas near ethanol plants, sorghum often is priced higher than sorghum in non-ethanol areas.

What ethanol means to my farm

What Ethanol Means to My Farm

  • In 2005, I marketed all of my sorghum production to a local hog farm for use in their feed ration.

  • At least three new ethanol plants are coming to southwest Kansas, creating new markets for sorghum.

  • Current SW Kansas ethanol production is 26 million gallons per year using 9 million bushels of grain.

  • The three new plants will increase production to about 300 million gallons per year using 107 million bushels of grain.

In my backyard

In My Backyard

  • Liberal 110 mgy Ethanol Plant—61 miles from my farm

  • Proposed Dodge City 110 mgy ethanol plant—21 miles from my farm

  • Garden City 55 mgy Ethanol Plant inconstruction—73 miles from my farm

  • Pratt 50 mgy Ethanol Plant inconstruction—70 miles from my farm

  • Soon approximately 325 million gallons of ethanol may be produced within 75 miles of my farm

  • Sorghum prices in areas with ethanol production are significantly higher than areas without ethanol production.

Ethanol in the sorghum belt

More than 85% of Kansas sorghum production is in a county within 50 miles of either an existing or proposed ethanol plant.

Texas oklahoma new mexico

Texas, Oklahoma & New Mexico

Sorghum bushels grown within 50 miles of a plant

Sorghum Bushels grown within 50 miles of a Plant

Kansas LocationBushels

Garden City43 million bu.

Garnett 8 million bu.

Russell50 million bu.

Campus30 million bu

Atchison 3 million bu.

Leoti29 million bu.

Phillipsburg43 million bu.

Colwich39 million bu.

Liberal38 million bu.

Pratt*30 million bu.

Lyons*54 million bu.

Sorghum Belt

All Ethanol Plants239 million bushels

Sorghum it s not just grain

Sorghum—It’s not just grain

  • Sorghum fits into all three schemes for production of biofuels: grain, sugar-based, and biomass feed stocks.

  • Grain sorghum is routinely used as a grain feedstock in the U.S.

  • Sweet sorghum is used widely as a sugar feedstock in India and China for ethanol production

  • Sorghum Silage provides high tonnage biomass and presents a great opportunity for cellolosic ethanol production

Sweet sorghum

Sweet Sorghum

  • Most Americans know of sweet sorghum used to make syrup or molasses.

  • India and China produce ethanol from sweet sorghum.

  • DOE is supporting asweet sorghum pilot study in Florida to explore the potential of sweet sorghums as a feedstock for ethanol production

  • Research data from India indicates production of ethanol from sugarcane and sweet sorghums are very similar.

Forage sorghum

Forage Sorghum

  • Forage sorghums can play a significant role in cellulosic and lignocellulosic ethanol production

  • Forage sorghum can provide high tonnage biomass for cellulosic ethanol production

  • Abengoa BioEnergy is proposing a cellulosicethanol pilot plant in Kansas

Sorghum market segments

Sorghum Market Segments

  • Exports: 45%

  • Domestic Livestock Feed: 36%

  • Ethanol Production: 15%

  • Industrial Uses: 3%

  • Food Uses: 1%

    Sorghum’s newest market is the rapidly expanding ethanol industry—we’ve seen a 57 percent increase in that market over the last 2 years.

Questions on sorghum and ethanol

Questions on Sorghum and Ethanol?

Visit our KGSPA and NSP websites:

KGSPA and Kansas Ethanol Information websites:

National Sorghum Producers website:

Thank you

Thank You!

Greg Shelor

11421 Yucca Road

Minneola, KS 67865


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