Violence against Children in Albania. Presentation Overview. Issue 1: Situation on violence against children in the country based on available data. This is official data, NGO data, etc .
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Issue 1: Situation on violence against children in the country based on available data. This is official data, NGO data, etc .
Issue 2: Strengths (S) and Weaknesses (W) of Albania in response to violence against children incidents;
Issue 3: Challenges (Ch) and Opportunities (O) in the current policy environment in Albania with regards to adequate response to violence cases.
"Violence against children" is the intentional use of physical force or other forms of force, even by threat, against a child or a group of children, which results or is likely to result in injury, death, psychological damage, deviation or deprivation.
(This definition is based on law 10347 “On the protection of children rights“).
Which categories of children are most vulnerable and exposed to be violated?
In Albania, during a year 2010, 1 in 8 children (group age 6-15 years old) lives in poor family. These poor families are families that are treated with economic assistance from the State. Observatory for Children Rights, Draft report “Social Protection of Children in Albania, 2009”.
% of 6-15 children in regional level, year 2010;
% of 6-15 childrenliving in poor families in regional level,2010
Children 6-15 years old that live in poor families, are living mostly in North part of the country, in region of: Kukës 27%, Dibër 23%, Lezhë 12% and Shkodër 11%.
After age 12 years, mainly boys, are involved in different unstable jobs, as: picking cans, scrap metal, parking-place insurance, selling various items; About girls (mostly Roma girls) after the age of 12, usually stay at home doing different work and “waiting for a marriage”.
Somehow, children working and living in street can be divided into:
This does not include children who sell different items on the street (ambulatory or not).
The main causes of the children living on the street, are: