Universal precautions
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UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS. Rules developed by the (Centers for Disease Control) CDC and (Federal Drug Administration) FDA. By following these rules, health care workers can protect themselves and patients from exposure to blood and body fluids. WEAR GLOVES!!!!.

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UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS

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Universal precautions

UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS

  • Rules developed by the (Centers for Disease Control) CDC and (Federal Drug Administration) FDA.

  • By following these rules, health care workers can protect themselves and patients from exposure to blood and body fluids.


Wear gloves

WEAR GLOVES!!!!

  • When contact with blood and body fluids, mucous membranes, or non-intact skin is possible.

  • When handling items or surfaces soiled with blood or body fluids.

  • When performing any invasive procedure, venipuncture or blood test.


Universal precautions

  • Change gloves after contact with every patient

  • Remove gloves without contaminating the skin

  • Throw gloves away after each use


Gowns and aprons

GOWNS AND APRONS

Should be worn during any procedure that is likely to cause splashing of blood or body fluids.


Masks and eye protection

MASKS AND EYE PROTECTION

  • Includes face shields, goggles, masks, eyeglasses

  • Should be worn during procedures that may produce droplets of blood or body fluids


Sharps

SHARPS

  • Never re-cap needles

  • Always dispose of sharp objects in a sharps container

  • The containers should not be emptied or reused


Spills or splashes of blood

SPILLS OR SPLASHES OF BLOOD

  • Wipe up immediately, remember to wear gloves

  • Clean area with a disinfectant solution


Resuscitation

RESUSCITATION

  • Use mouthpieces or BVM devices

  • Avoid the need for mouth-to-mouth resuscitation

  • keep devices in convenient location


Universal precautions

  • Report any cut, injury, needle stick, or splashing of blood or body fluids immediately

  • What form should be filled out?

  • Universal precautions must be followed at all times by all health care workers. By observing these precautions, health care workers can break the chain of infection and protect themselves, their patients,and all other individuals


Universal precautions

ACCORDING TO UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS:

  • Every body fluid should be considered a potentially infectious material

  • All patients should be considered potential source of infection


Wash your hands

WASH YOUR HANDS!!!!

  • Hands should always be washed immediately after removing gloves.

  • What other time should hands be washed?


Waste and linen

WASTE AND LINEN

  • Dispose of waste in the proper containers

  • Infectious wastes must be placed in special infectious waste or biohazardous material bags

  • Linen soiled with blood, body fluids or excretions is usually soaked in a disinfectant prior to being washed

  • Dispose of waste in the proper container and know the requirements for disposal


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