MARINE RESOURCES In PAKISTAN: . Sadia Tahir. Marine Resources.
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from the Indian border on the east to the Iranian border in the west.
Mangrove forests are a major feature of the Sindh coast. The area under mangroves in Sindh is the sixth largest in the world (Mirza et al 1983).
According to a preliminary survey conducted by the National Institute of Oceanography, it is estimated that about 1100 MW power can be produced from the Indus Deltaic Creek areas (Qurashee 1986).
Pakistan and their livelihood resources are under constant threat of depletion. About 90% of the households in the coastal communities rely on fishing and other fisheries related activities (Siddiqi 2007)
Wave Energy Converter systems extract the power of ocean waves and convert it into electricity.
Offshore Wind generates electricity by taking advantage of the vast wind resources available across oceans and large water bodies.
A large number of untested anticlinal structures have been seismically delineated in the Balochistan offshore area.
The following recommendations are made to expedite resource development of the Pakistan coastal area
• Promote education and research in marine science and technology.
• Development, management and sustainable utilization of all coasta marine resources. education, research and technology development
• More funding for ocean/marine
• Substantial ocean resources should be mapped and studied.
• Incentives should be provided for private investments fo promotion of ocean technologies.
• Economic management of coastal marine areas and sustainable use of marine resources
• Improved institutional capacity and effectiveness in coastal marine resources management along the coast.
PAKISTAN BUSINESS REVIEW JANUARY 2011
Nuzhat Khan; National Institute of Oceanography, Karachi