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Planning for a New Airport in Thessaloniki, Greece. Nikolas Pyrgiotis Yannis Simaiakis 12/11/2007. Project Outline. Current airport review Forecasts Location and New Airport Benefits Planning Considerations Airfield Design Passenger Building Layout Overall Layout

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Planning for a new airport in thessaloniki greece

Planning for a New Airport in Thessaloniki, Greece

Nikolas Pyrgiotis

Yannis Simaiakis


Project outline
Project Outline

  • Current airport review

  • Forecasts

  • Location and New Airport Benefits

  • Planning Considerations

  • Airfield Design

  • Passenger Building Layout

  • Overall Layout

  • Possible Expansion Plans

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

Skg airport
SKG Airport

  • Serves Thessaloniki

    • Metro area population over 1.2 million (2006 est.)

  • 3.7 million PAX:

    • Highly Seasonal (60% Summer Traffic)

    • Constant share of domestic pax: 1.5 million/year 120000/month

    • 75% Domestic & Schengen Flights

  • Airfield Configuration:

    • 2 crossing runways: 16/34 & 10/28, each 2500 meters long

    • One taxiway parallel to each runway

    • 22 remote stands

  • Landside Configuration:

    • 1 terminal building 32,000 m2

    • Cargo buildings 10,000 m2

  • Public Ownership & Management

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

Skg master plan and limitations

New Passenger Terminal

Runway expansion

SKG Master Plan and Limitations

  • Master Plan:

    • Runway 10/28 expansion

    • New terminal building

      • 115,000 m2 surface, 14 contact stands

      • 8 million pax/year at service level B

        4200 pax/peak-hour

    • New apron: 22 remote stands

  • Limitations:

    • Crosswinds

    • Heavy Fog (ILS II not always sufficient)

    • Mountainous pattern to the SE

    • Ground access

    • Rapidly developing surrounding area

    • No available land for further expansion (e.g. new runway)

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

New airport
New Airport

  • Necessity for a new airport based on the problems that cannot be overcome by SKG’s master plan

    • Weather, Environmental Issues, Urban Development, Transportation

  • Annual Traffic Growth Forecast based on a exponential fit of historical traffic data due to lack of sufficient data on population growth and GDP.

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis


  • Analysis based on:

    • Peak Hour of the 2nd busiest day during the average week in a peak month (Tuesday, 1st week of Aug 07)

    • Scheduled flights in 2007 (lack of data for hourly passenger traffic)

  • 1st Stage of Development Planned to start operations in 2022 (7.5m PAX) and reach capacity by 2032 (12m PAX)

  • Assumed A/C mix for this period based on experience in AIA and similar European Airports

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

Planning approach
Planning Approach

  • Very Uncertain Forecast

    • Uncertainty regarding master plan materialization in current airport

    • Unstable Greek Airline Industry (OA and A3)

    • Infant state of LCC operations

    • Traffic dependency on dynamic tourism

    • Uncertain prospects of Thessaloniki as a business center

  • Flexible and Adaptable Planning

    • Dynamic response to changes in traffic, aircraft mix and traffic type

    • Option to accommodate low cost traffic

    • Option to use land for other purposes

  • Environmental/ Noise Issues

  • Airport as Part of a Multi-Modal Transportation System

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

New location
New Location

  • Improved Transportation Access

  • Undeveloped Farm Land

  • Far from Populated Areas

  • Proximity to Industrial Area and Seaport

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

New catchment area
New Catchment Area

  • 8 cities under 130km

  • Total Population more than 400,000

  • Good Access to all Cities

  • Potential Emergence of New Markets


N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

Airfield design
Airfield Design

  • Produced runway capacity envelop of a single runway: 56 movements per hour

  • Adjusted the capacity based on ATM limitations in Greece and an average delay of 4 minute:

    • 46 movements per hour

  • A single runway can serve 4300 pax/hr based on the a/c mix of 5%H, 70%L, 25%S

    • Adequate until 2032 (4200 pax/hr)

  • Based on the windrose for the area the runway should be built in a N-NW to S-SE direction

  • Runway length based on the reference field of a 777-300

  • Airfield design based on ICAO requirements for design group E:

    • Taxiways, Taxilanes, Aprons, Runway Exits

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

Landside design
Landside Design

  • A Single Centralized, Linear Terminal Parallel to the Runway

    • Small Terminal

    • Avoid Inefficient Duplication of facilities

    • Small Number of connections

    • Large number of remote stands → Short Terminal

    • Provides the most options for expansion

    • Simple and adjustable division between Schengen/ Non-Schengen zones

    • Centralized facilities for ground transportation and parking

  • Considered other designs and configurations:

    • Linear, Perpendicular to Runway

    • Radial

    • Low-cost terminal

  • Analysis of terminal configuration performed based on DPH and a/c mix forecast for 2032:

    • Use of planning factors to deduce area requirements for different facilities

    • Emulating the design of AIA while making some modifications and improvements

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

Departures Level

  • 12 contact stands, 12 departure gates (3 NS, 9 S)

  • 130 check-in counters

  • 2 Security Checkpoints, 1 Border Control Area

Arrivals Level

  • Additional departure gates for 24 remote stands (S and NS)

  • 1 entrance for NS arrivals (with Immigration facility), 2 for S arrivals

  • Baggage Claim Area adequate to serve at least 12million annual PAX (2 belts for NS, 8 for S/ 2x70m and 8x40m belts)

Overall layout


Direction of operations

Overall Layout

  • Overall Airport Configuration designed to reach capacity in 2032 serving 12m PAX (stage 1)

  • Accommodates Airfield and Landside Plans previously presented

    • ICAO reference code: 4-E (FAA E-V)

    • 3,600m runway 33/15

    • 2 taxiways (1 short)

    • Passenger Terminal and Cargo Facility

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

Land banking
Land Banking

  • Buy the area now while still not constructed and cheap and built the airport when appropriate

  • Requires an area of 6,500,000m2

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis