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Integrated Pest Management. Melissa Graves Plant ID Diagnostician Schutter Diagnostic Lab. What is IPM? Components of an effective IPM program Advantages of using IPM Challenges of implementing IPM New resources available for IPM.

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Integrated pest management

Integrated Pest Management

Melissa Graves

Plant ID Diagnostician

Schutter Diagnostic Lab


Integrated pest management1

  • What is IPM?

  • Components of an effective IPM

  • program

  • Advantages of using IPM

  • Challenges of implementing IPM

  • New resources available for IPM

Integrated Pest Management


What is ipm
What Is IPM?

  • An effective and environmentally sensitive approach to pest management based on current, comprehensive information regarding pest life cycles and their interaction with the environment.

  • Used to manage pest damage by the most economical means, with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the environment.


4 tiered approach to ipm
4-Tiered Approach to IPM

  • Set action thresholds

  • Monitor and identify potential pests

  • Prevention

  • Control


Management plan
Management Plan

  • Selection of plants

  • Nutrient management

  • Pest management

  • Possible control techniques

  • Review and update


Know your action threshold
Know Your Action Threshold

  • What is the “action threshold”

    Pest density at which control measures should be implemented to prevent economic loss from occuring

  • What is the economic injury limit?

    The point when the economic benefit of

    treatment is greater than the cost




Pest identification
Pest Identification

  • Why is it important?

    • Accurate diagnosis of problems

    • Appropriate management plans or policies

    • Correct treatment measures



Beneficial Insects

Photo courtesy of Dan Papacek

Photo courtesy of Dan Papacek


Invasive plants
Invasive Plants

Yellow Starthistle

  • Annual

  • Single yellow flower per branch

  • ¾ -1 inch spines radiating from flower bracts

  • Grayish-green foliage

  • “Winged” stem

Photos by Steve Dewey, Utah State University, Bugwood.org


Invasive plants1
Invasive Plants

White Bryony

Vine

Small yellow-green or yellow-white flowers

Pea-sized black berries

Dark green, palmately lobed leaves

Single curling tendril at each leaf node

Montana State University

Montana State University

Extension

Extension

White Bryony (Bryonia alba)

White Bryony (Bryonia alba)

White bryony (Bryonia alba), an invasive plant species introduced to the Pacific Northwest in the 1970’s, has been confirmed in Bozeman, Montana. It is a highly invasive species, growing up to six inches per day, with the potential to smother and damage established plants. The fruit from this plant is very toxic to people, with as few as 40 berries being fatal to an adult. This species is found in areas as diverse as river drainages, mountain terrain, and arid locations.Its native range includes temperate Asia, parts of the Mediterranean, the Russian republic, and north to Sweden.Bryony has been reported in six counties in Montana including: Missoula, Gallatin, Park, Sweetgrass, Stillwater, and Big Horn. If you find this plant please contact Melissa Graves at (406) 994-5690 or send plant samples to 121 Plant BioScience Building, Montana State University, Bozeman MT 59717.

White bryony (Bryonia alba), an invasive plant species introduced to the Pacific Northwest in the 1970’s, has been confirmed in Bozeman, Montana. It is a highly invasive species, growing up to six inches per day, with the potential to smother and damage established plants. The fruit from this plant is very toxic to people, with as few as 40 berries being fatal to an adult. This species is found in areas as diverse as river drainages, mountain terrain, and arid locations.Its native range includes temperate Asia, parts of the Mediterranean, the Russian republic, and north to Sweden.Bryony has been reported in six counties in Montana including: Missoula, Gallatin, Park, Sweetgrass, Stillwater, and Big Horn. If you find this plant please contact Melissa Graves at (406) 994-5690 or send plant samples to 121 Plant BioScience Building, Montana State University, Bozeman MT 59717.

Montana State University

Montana State University

Schutter Diagnostic Laboratory

121 Plant BioScience Building

Bozeman MT 59717

Photograph of white bryony showing palmately lobed leaves, yellow-green to yellow-white flowers, and immature berries. The berries turn black at maturity.

Schutter Diagnostic Laboratory

121 Plant BioScience Building

Bozeman MT 59717

Photograph of white bryony showing palmately lobed leaves, yellow-green to yellow-white flowers, and immature berries. The berries turn black at maturity.

Phone: 406-994-5690

Fax: 406-994-7600

E-mail: [email protected]

Phone: 406-994-5690

Fax: 406-994-7600

E-mail: [email protected]


Invasive plants2
Invasive Plants

Bohemian Knotweed

Shrub

Small white flowers

Hollow, cane-like stems

Heart or spade shaped leaves

Short, broad based (triangular) hairs on underside of leaves

Montana State University

Montana State University

Extension

Extension

White Bryony (Bryonia alba)

White Bryony (Bryonia alba)

White bryony (Bryonia alba), an invasive plant species introduced to the Pacific Northwest in the 1970’s, has been confirmed in Bozeman, Montana. It is a highly invasive species, growing up to six inches per day, with the potential to smother and damage established plants. The fruit from this plant is very toxic to people, with as few as 40 berries being fatal to an adult. This species is found in areas as diverse as river drainages, mountain terrain, and arid locations.Its native range includes temperate Asia, parts of the Mediterranean, the Russian republic, and north to Sweden.Bryony has been reported in six counties in Montana including: Missoula, Gallatin, Park, Sweetgrass, Stillwater, and Big Horn. If you find this plant please contact Melissa Graves at (406) 994-5690 or send plant samples to 121 Plant BioScience Building, Montana State University, Bozeman MT 59717.

White bryony (Bryonia alba), an invasive plant species introduced to the Pacific Northwest in the 1970’s, has been confirmed in Bozeman, Montana. It is a highly invasive species, growing up to six inches per day, with the potential to smother and damage established plants. The fruit from this plant is very toxic to people, with as few as 40 berries being fatal to an adult. This species is found in areas as diverse as river drainages, mountain terrain, and arid locations.Its native range includes temperate Asia, parts of the Mediterranean, the Russian republic, and north to Sweden.Bryony has been reported in six counties in Montana including: Missoula, Gallatin, Park, Sweetgrass, Stillwater, and Big Horn. If you find this plant please contact Melissa Graves at (406) 994-5690 or send plant samples to 121 Plant BioScience Building, Montana State University, Bozeman MT 59717.

Montana State University

Montana State University

Schutter Diagnostic Laboratory

121 Plant BioScience Building

Bozeman MT 59717

Photograph of white bryony showing palmately lobed leaves, yellow-green to yellow-white flowers, and immature berries. The berries turn black at maturity.

Schutter Diagnostic Laboratory

121 Plant BioScience Building

Bozeman MT 59717

Photograph of white bryony showing palmately lobed leaves, yellow-green to yellow-white flowers, and immature berries. The berries turn black at maturity.

Phone: 406-994-5690

Fax: 406-994-7600

E-mail: [email protected]

Phone: 406-994-5690

Fax: 406-994-7600

E-mail: [email protected]



Management techniques

  • Cultural

    • crop rotation

    • pest resistant varieties

    • pest-free rootstock

    • eliminating “pest homes”

  • Biological

    • beneficial insects

    • grazing

    • use of pheromones

Management Techniques


Management techniques1

  • Chemical

    • pesticides

    • herbicides

    • fungicides

  • Mechanical

    • mowing

    • tilling

Management Techniques



Ipm advantages
IPM Advantages

  • Slows development of pesticide resistance

  • Reduces risk to spray operators and the environment

  • Step towards sustainability

  • Proactive

  • Site-specific

  • Business opportunity in scouting/monitoring


Challenges of ipm implementation
Challenges of IPM Implementation

  • More complex than control by chemicals alone

  • Requires understanding of pest and beneficial species interactions

  • Knowledge of management options






Additional training
Additional Training

  • IPM Training

    • Live workshops

    • Webinars (internet-based seminars)

      offered through the Schutter Diagnostic Lab and the National Plant Diagnostic Network (www.npdn.org)

    • Existing Pesticide Applicator Training programs from MSU and the MDOA

    • Urban IPM certification through MSU

    • First detector training through MSU


Urban ipm program objectives
Urban IPM Program Objectives

  • Establish an IPM certification program for urban landscape and turf professionals

  • Develop resources for IPM in the urban landscape, specific to Montana

  • Train you to be First Detectors for invasive pests

  • Educate homeowners/consumers in

    the basic principles of IPM



Additional online resources
Additional Online Resources

  • Bugwood Network (http://wiki.bugwood.org/Main_Page)

  • High Plains IPM (http://wiki.bugwood.org/HPIPM:Main_Page)

  • Montana Extension (http:/www.msuextension.org)

  • eXtension (http://extension.org)

  • Invaders Database (http://invader.dbs.umt.edu)

  • Great Plains Diagnostic Network (http://www.gpdn.org)

  • National Plant Diagnostic Network (http:www.npdn.org)

  • Schutter Diagnostic Lab (http://diagnostics.montana.edu)


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