Personal endings review
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Personal Endings Review. I . -O -M. -S. you ( sg .). -T. HE-SHE-IT. -MUS. WE. -tis. You (pl.). -NT. THEY. Perfect Tense Exceptions:. -I. -ISTI. Which Word Doesn’t Belong?. p ortabo l audabas l egebam amo. -O -M. “I” .

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Personal Endings Review

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Personal Endings Review


I

-O -M


-S

you

(sg.)


-T

HE-SHE-IT


-MUS

WE


-tis

You (pl.)


-NT

THEY


Perfect Tense Exceptions:

-I

-ISTI


Which Word Doesn’t Belong?

  • portabo

  • laudabas

  • legebam

  • amo

-O -M

“I”


Which Word Doesn’t Belong?

  • portamus

  • amas

  • ducebas

  • laudabis

-S

You (sg.)


  • duxit

  • amabat

  • laudaverit

  • legisti

-T

HE-SHE-IT


Which Word Doesn’t Belong?

-MUS

  • amamus

  • portavimus

  • doctaes

  • laudaveramus

WE


Which Word Doesn’t Belong?

-tis

  • audis

  • portataeestis

  • amavistis

  • ducebatis

You (pl.)


Which Word Doesn’t Belong?

-NT

  • laudabant

  • portabuntur

  • amatur

  • duxerunt

THEY


Tricks for Translating!

  • First, look at the verb ending and see WHO is doing the verb (or who is being done something to…if it’s passive voice).

  • Be sure you don’t overlook any letters---for example, if you see –S, make sure it’s not really –TIS or –MUS.


PORTABAMUS


Tricks for Translating!

  • Second: Look for a TENSE INDICATOR to figure out the WHEN (tense) of the verb.


BA

WAS/WERE


Bi, bo, bu, BE

WILL/SHALL


Perfect Active Tense

The present active tense = Present Stem + Present Active Endings

Singular

Plural

First Person

I

imus

i

we

istis

you

Second Person

isti

you

he, she,it

they

erunt

Third Person

it

Perfect Active Endings


Past Perfect/Pluperfect Tense

-ERA-

had

had

had

-ERA-

had

had

-ERA-


Future Perfect Tense

-ERI-

WILL HAVE

WILL HAVE

WILL HAVE

-ERI-

WILL HAVE

WILL HAVE

-ERO-


WE

PORTABAMUS

BA

WAS/WERE


Tricks for Translating!

  • Third: Complete the verb with the WHAT (meaning).


WE

CARRY

PORTABAMUS

BA

WAS/WERE


We Were carrying

PORTABAMUS


Present Tense

AM….

-O -MUS

-S -TIS

-T -NT

-R -MUR

-RIS -MINI

-TUR -NTUR

Present Passive

(not on test)

am being…


Imperfect Tense

WAS/WERE

-BAM -BAMUS

-BAS -BATIS

-BAT -BANT

-BAR -BAMUR

-BARIS -BAMINI

-BATUR -BANTUR

Imperfect Passive

(not on test)

was being…


Future Tense

WILL…

-BO -BIMUS

-BIS -BITIS

-BIT -BUNT

-BOR -BIMUR

-BERIS -BIMINI

-BITUR -BUNTUR

Future Passive

(not on test)

will be…


See your review sheets

For the perfect, pluperfect,

And future perfect charts.

Active and passive will be

On the test for those.


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