What do you think the cake up front represents
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What do you think the cake up front represents?. Why Africa?. Africa has many raw materials and natural resources not found in Europe including: cotton rubber ivory minerals including gold and diamonds. The Scramble for Africa. Berlin Conference (1884).

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Why africa
Why Africa?

  • Africa has many raw materials and natural resources not found in Europe including:

    • cotton

    • rubber

    • ivory

    • minerals including gold and diamonds



Berlin conference 1884
Berlin Conference (1884)

  • meetings held in Berlin, Germany

  • European nations attended the conference.

  • African rulers DID NOT.

  • The European nations partitioned (divided) Africa amongst themselves.

  • Europeans owned almost ALL of Africa by the end of the conference.



Independence
Independence

  • European countries began to free their colonies in the 1950s

  • By 1960 - 27 free countries

  • By 1975 - 47 free countries


Problems after independence
Problems After Independence

  • Different ethnic and religious groups wanted to be in control of their new countries

  • This lead too many long, bloody civil wars throughout Africa

  • Lack of education also lead to problems because native African leaders were not prepared to run the new countries left in their control



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