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Welcome!. Grab the calendar at the front Begin reading the Citizens United ruling as a warm-up Make-ups for Super Quiz tomorrow and Thursday. Should Corporations be restricted on what they may donate to a campaign?. Group Discussions: Citizens United v. FEC (2010). Four Corners.

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Welcome!

Grab the calendar at the front

Begin reading the Citizens United ruling as a warm-up

Make-ups for Super Quiz tomorrow and Thursday


Should Corporations be restricted on what they may donate to a campaign?


Group Discussions:

Citizens United v. FEC (2010)


Four Corners

Definitely No

Unsure But Leaning No

Unsure But Leaning Yes

Definitely Yes


*Number 3 on hardest

thing to learn in AP Gov

CAMPAIGN FINANCE*


How things work

  • All federal election contributions and expenditures are reported to the F.E.C.

  • All contributions over $100 must be disclosed

  • No cash contributions over $100 or foreign contributions

    • Why?

  • No limit on how much a candidate may spend of their own money


Conservative Argument


Liberal Argument


Does money buy votes?

No, but it does by access.


Hard money

  • "Hard" money is contributed directly to a candidate of a political party. It is regulated by law

CANDIDATE


Soft Money

  • "Soft" money is contributed to the political party as a whole.

PARTY


Independent expenditure

  • No restrictions on a candidate’s own money

  • Restrictions are a violation of free speech

Buckley v. Valeo (1976)


McCain Feingold:Confusing and Controversial


Why McCain-Feingold is like


PROVISIONS

  • Banned soft money to candidates

  • “Stand by your ads”

  • 527 loophole

    • Unregulated and unreported


How much can you give to acampaign?


A Donor Taxonomy

*Corporations can direct limited contributions through their own

political action committees (ATT Inc.), which use employee donations.


Candidate’s Committee Ad


POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEES

  • committee formed by a special-interest group to raise money for their favorite political candidates


A Donor Taxonomy

*Corporations can direct limited contributions through their own

political action committees (ATT Inc.), which use employee donations.


PAC Ad


“527s”

  •  tax-exempt organization named after a section of the United States tax code, 26 U.S.C. § 527

    • Unregulated by the Federal Election Commission

    • Such organizations can legally engage in political activity, but funds from "soft money" contributions may not be spent on ads promoting the election or defeat of a specific candidate.


527 Ad


A Donor Taxonomy


A Donor Taxonomy

*Corporations can direct limited contributions through their own

political action committees (ATT Inc.), which use employee donations.


A Donor Taxonomy

*Corporations can direct limited contributions through their own

political action committees (ATT Inc.), which use employee donations.


A Donor Taxonomy

*Corporations can direct limited contributions through their own

political action committees (ATT Inc.), which use employee donations.


A Donor Taxonomy


Campaign Finance Explained:


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