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Welcome!. Grab the calendar at the front Begin reading the Citizens United ruling as a warm-up Make-ups for Super Quiz tomorrow and Thursday. Should Corporations be restricted on what they may donate to a campaign?. Group Discussions: Citizens United v. FEC (2010). Four Corners.

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Welcome

Welcome!

Grab the calendar at the front

Begin reading the Citizens United ruling as a warm-up

Make-ups for Super Quiz tomorrow and Thursday


Should corporations be restricted on what they may donate to a campaign

Should Corporations be restricted on what they may donate to a campaign?


Welcome

Group Discussions:

Citizens United v. FEC (2010)


Four corners

Four Corners

Definitely No

Unsure But Leaning No

Unsure But Leaning Yes

Definitely Yes


Campaign finance

*Number 3 on hardest

thing to learn in AP Gov

CAMPAIGN FINANCE*


How things work

How things work

  • All federal election contributions and expenditures are reported to the F.E.C.

  • All contributions over $100 must be disclosed

  • No cash contributions over $100 or foreign contributions

    • Why?

  • No limit on how much a candidate may spend of their own money


Conservative argument

Conservative Argument


Liberal argument

Liberal Argument


Does money buy votes

Does money buy votes?

No, but it does by access.


Hard money

Hard money

  • "Hard" money is contributed directly to a candidate of a political party. It is regulated by law

CANDIDATE


Soft money

Soft Money

  • "Soft" money is contributed to the political party as a whole.

PARTY


Independent expenditure

Independent expenditure

  • No restrictions on a candidate’s own money

  • Restrictions are a violation of free speech

Buckley v. Valeo (1976)


Mccain feingold confusing and controversial

McCain Feingold:Confusing and Controversial


Why mccain feingold is like

Why McCain-Feingold is like


Provisions

PROVISIONS

  • Banned soft money to candidates

  • “Stand by your ads”

  • 527 loophole

    • Unregulated and unreported


How much can you give to a campaign

How much can you give to acampaign?


A donor taxonomy

A Donor Taxonomy

*Corporations can direct limited contributions through their own

political action committees (ATT Inc.), which use employee donations.


Candidate s committee ad

Candidate’s Committee Ad


Political action committees

POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEES

  • committee formed by a special-interest group to raise money for their favorite political candidates


A donor taxonomy1

A Donor Taxonomy

*Corporations can direct limited contributions through their own

political action committees (ATT Inc.), which use employee donations.


Pac ad

PAC Ad


Welcome

“527s”

  •  tax-exempt organization named after a section of the United States tax code, 26 U.S.C. § 527

    • Unregulated by the Federal Election Commission

    • Such organizations can legally engage in political activity, but funds from "soft money" contributions may not be spent on ads promoting the election or defeat of a specific candidate.


527 ad

527 Ad


A donor taxonomy2

A Donor Taxonomy


A donor taxonomy3

A Donor Taxonomy

*Corporations can direct limited contributions through their own

political action committees (ATT Inc.), which use employee donations.


A donor taxonomy4

A Donor Taxonomy

*Corporations can direct limited contributions through their own

political action committees (ATT Inc.), which use employee donations.


A donor taxonomy5

A Donor Taxonomy

*Corporations can direct limited contributions through their own

political action committees (ATT Inc.), which use employee donations.


A donor taxonomy6

A Donor Taxonomy


Campaign finance explained

Campaign Finance Explained:


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