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城市公共交通的先驱 — 无轨马车 B.Pascal 于 1662 年在巴黎首创无轨公共马车 ——“ 5 毛钱的马车 ” ,有固定的路线和班次,城市公共交通从此诞生。 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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城市公共交通的先驱 — 无轨马车 B.Pascal 于 1662 年在巴黎首创无轨公共马车 ——“ 5 毛钱的马车 ” ,有固定的路线和班次,城市公共交通从此诞生。. 世界上第一条城市轨道公共马车 1827 年出现在纽约百老汇大街上,法国工程师 E.Loubat 在 1853 年把它引进巴黎,由于比无轨公共马车更有效率、更舒适,因而大受欢迎。到 1879 年大巴黎区已有 38 条公共有轨 马车路线。. 马拉轨道交通(法国里昂, 1884 年).

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城市公共交通的先驱 — 无轨马车 B.Pascal 于 1662 年在巴黎首创无轨公共马车 ——“ 5 毛钱的马车 ” ,有固定的路线和班次,城市公共交通从此诞生。

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B.Pascal16625


1827 E.Loubat 1853187938


1884


1 2 21 201900 62000106


20


1-1


188164001888 202025 000 km


19081909


205050


--201999125 7000 km, 5600 km 80%


1-2 30000-60000


LRT

Mini-Subway

VAL

1-2

1


1-2 (1) 30-60km,12-2070440km,1


1-2 (1) SYSTRARRER120km/h40km/h1-3km


2 18685432.4km200060% 1972128km/h


19272.4km1977113050 164.7km,80019533


3


LRT208090%1/3


19941123


1-2


4Mini-Subway2080


Mini-Subway3/41220%


60%


12


4


55000 -20000/h



6500km/h300160


10%4%25300

6


61/32/3


TRHSST MLU-268.810



2 212-1 20




8000RMB,2000450km 65km54km18.48km,7.2km20502000km


3420100010218km20058032011%25%202050%

202050%


M8M7R4L42182000


SYSTRA13408100017780



2-2


1 2 3 4


1 2


2-3 21 2050931565%9.75


2-3 10017%21%21


2-3 3-4


2-3 2.7110.38.47.72010203~78921


2-3 50600


2-3 1410021


2-3 24.5 16


2-4 1234


15km2-48088032.1244%


1059km283713km1319355311262km17km160


2Skytrain1999125 23.5km,231720011233040


2Skytrain10-404513.5-46-16


3

82.2km,1924028053.72.70.970.64

10.3


200072.90200173.07



52501840

20001051309.18,13,11.6,30%


(4)

25%75%


2-5 211965Westinghouse)Sky Bus)AT0


2-5 21 Automated Guideway Transit 20701981New Transit System19831985VALAGT


2-5 21 12ATC ATPATSATO3 VAL


2-6 21


21


1


40-50 km40 km/h 120 km/h


1-3 km4 km1/10-1/5 1 .1/7 6


20 km40-50 km/h1000-1500 m40.5 km


7045 km


66887 km327100


1


2Light Rail TransitLRTLRTLight Rapid Transit0.6-3/h


123VAL


VAL


2060 80500015000/h10845


3 VAL1983VALVAL Vehicule Automatique Leger Villeneuve d Ascq LilleVAL


1830


1845M.de Kerizouet18481960.(J.Verne)


1863110 6 kmPaddington Farringdon Charles Pearson Metropolitan Railway


1863


1890


2030 .,


1863 18709 1892 1896 1896 1898 1900 1901


1901


1901 1902 1907 1912 1913 1927 1969 1969 1973


1974 1975 1979 1979 1980 1984 1984 1987 1989 1995 1997


1904


196999158km95km30m2min4501985



1546m95201000220701413


3195654SNCF RERResaux Express Regionaux


20011215


LRT6338


15km188m2.172.5min4


6841t60km/h750V3218kW




300350mm



M-Bahn


7metro Card,


2000 %



3

1965 GDP142 ;

1970 GDP230

1975 GDP492

1979 GDP1 117

431995 GDP11 114

19958170015.35

19966.47


3.81770019956.6


1

2

3


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