Central Arizona Brush Fire Preparedness Part 1. Tactics, strategy and common resources found on wildland fires. April 2010. Disclaimer and Intent. Like all fire fighting operations, wildland fire control and suppression is inherently dangerous.
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Central Arizona Brush Fire PreparednessPart 1
Tactics, strategy and common resources found on wildland fires.
Like all fire fighting operations, wildland fire control and suppression is inherently dangerous.
This presentation is designed to increase fire fighter safety and awareness at local brush fire incidents in the Phoenix metropolitan area. It is not designed to teach in-depth and/or complex wildland fire suppression techniques, skills or tactics, nor replace National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) standardized training.
The overall intent of this presentation is to promote the safe operations of structural fire crews responding to initial attack wildland fires which have the potential to increase into complex fire incidents requiring multiple fire agency resources. This training can be used on an individual, company or department-wide basis.
In the valley, there is a cyclical event of rain followed by an abundant growth of grasses and other light fuels in Maricopa and Pinal Counties. This then can lead to an active desert fire season on inner-city buttes, desert areas and river bottom channels.
In similar past cycles, the Phoenix metro area has seen some large fires that are often initially attacked by fire departments from the Phoenix/Mesa Automatic Aid Systems.
In an effort to promote fire fighter safety and effective coordination of resources, this presentation is designed to:
1. Present some of the basic concepts in wildland fire behavior
2. Identify various fire management agencies found in the Phoenix area
3. Identify standard national resource types (NIMS compliance)
4. Present basic strategies and tactics.
From the Maricopa County CWPP: wildland fuel hazards during extraordinary rainfall years.
Phoenix Regional SOP: “Any fire exceeding 50 acres will be declared as a "Wildland Fire.“
National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG):Any non-structure fire that occurs in the wildland. (A national standard term)
Layman’s terms: It is a non-structural fire of any size in naturally occurring vegetation.
Ethan Fire, Gila River Reservation (2008)
Does this mean we are like Southern California now?
No. In years with extra fuel loading, there is higher fire potential.
Depending on your fire station location, you may see an increase in the number of responses to brush fires, the size of the fires, or possibly an increased potential for an interface fire incident. It can also mean that you might be moved-up or respond to a fire not normally found in your first-due area.
It also means we may assign fire fighters to suppression actions of which they do not encounter frequently, nor are they highly trained or experienced due to limited occurrences.
These are all considered “light flashy fuels” and can carry fire rapidly. They are substantially influenced by wind speeds and direction.
Light flashy fuels
Lake Pleasant area
Maricopa County area brush fire
A Central Arizona Wildland Response Team Fire Fighter
Valley structural fire fighters in proper PPE.
Wildland Fire Terminology
Click: NWCG Wildland Terms