Chapter 2. The Constitution Rights and Race Intertwined. Chapter 2: Measuring Equality Whom Did the Framers Represent? p. 40. Characteristics of the Fifty-Five Framers White100% (55) Male100% (55) Education University educated56.4% (31) Institutions attended:
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Rights and Race Intertwined
Characteristics of the Fifty-Five Framers
Wealthy 10.9% (6)
Middle class/comfortable 76.3% (42)
Poverty-level 12.7% (7)
Characteristics of the General Population according to the 1790 Census
Slave Blacks17.83% (694,207)
Free Blacks 1.52%(59,196)
Gender (White Population Only)
Females 49.08% (1,541,318)
“Most” White male children in the North attended school for 4-6 months a year from age 4 to 14.
“Substantial amount” of White male children in the South attended school for 4-6 months a year from age 4-14.
“Few” White male children in the West attended school or were literate.
“Very few” White male children attended college or university. 
“Very few” White female children received any formal classroom instruction
Significant Colonial Occupations
White slave-owning families11.6% (47,664)
Land owners: 13% of (1774 population)
People associated with slave owning: 7.2% (of White population in 1790);
6.13% (in 1774)
Economic level (in 1774)(category classifications were determined from the distribution of wealth)
High wealth: Top 2% held 24.6% of the wealth
Middle wealth: Top 20% held 73.2% of the wealth
Low wealth: 70% held only 28.6% of the wealth
Very low wealth: Botton 10% owned 1.7% of the wealth (in other words they were in debt)
No Wealth: 81.53% of the population had no measurable wealth