Planning for the socially vulnerable in disaster management
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Planning for the Socially Vulnerable in Disaster Management. Bennetta Robinson ; DHS DIEM Intern (Summer 2011); University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Philip Berke, PhD ; Principal Investigator; University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Research Questions.

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Planning for the Socially Vulnerable in Disaster Management

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Planning for the socially vulnerable in disaster management

Planning for the Socially Vulnerable in Disaster Management

Bennetta Robinson; DHS DIEM Intern (Summer 2011); University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Philip Berke, PhD;Principal Investigator; University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


Research questions

Research Questions

  • To what extent do hazard plans account for socially vulnerable populations?

  • To what extent do social vulnerability indices relate to the quality of the plans?


Methods for plan quality and sovi assessment

Methods for Plan Quality and SoVI Assessment

  • A plan quality score was tabulated according to the presence of plan quality principles and associated plan quality indicators

  • Data collected through the United States Census Bureau (2000) was used to derive a social vulnerability index based on the Susan Cutter SoVI model.

  • For each county, a PQ and a SoVI index score were calculated.


Sovi model

SoVI Model


Findings

Findings

  • Findings from the sample study area highlight that hazard mitigation plan do not account for inclusion of marginalized populations.

  • The Pearson product-moment correlation (r) between SoVI scores and plan quality scores was -0.20. implying a weak relationship between the two variables.


Implications

Implications

  • FEMA should should develop specific guidelines on how to create direction-setting and action-oriented components of hazard mitigation plans that account for marginalized populations.

  • Because the relationship between PQ and SoVI is weak, future research should examine other factors that might influence how well plans account for marginalized populations.


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