The Romantic Period   Realism

The Romantic Period Realism PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Romantic Period. Civil War in the USIndustrial Age begins with increased sophistication of machines, technology, locomotives, transportationThe Industrial Revolution replaced people with machines.? People fought back with their f

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The Romantic Period Realism

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1. The Romantic Period & Realism 1820 - 1900

2. The Romantic Period Civil War in the US Industrial Age begins with increased sophistication of machines, technology, locomotives, transportation The Industrial Revolution replaced people with machines.  People fought back with their feelings and emotions.  

3. The Romantic Period Very different from the reason, order and rules of the Neoclassical period Romantic era was emotion, adventure, and imagination

4. Romantic Period Ballet - influence of dance academies (thank you King Louis XIV) Ballet was well on its way to becoming a popular art form Ballet was used as an addition to opera performances

5. Romantic Period - Ballet Dances had very little content or storyline Story told through pantomime Heavy costumes limited movements of dancers Jean-Georges Nouverre - choreographer - believed ballet should be more meaningful and should be able to emotionally move the audience

6. Romantic Period - Ballet Nouverre created the Seven basic movements of dance Plier - to bend Etendre - to stretch Relever - to rise Sauter - to jump Tourner - to turn Glisser - to glide Elancer - to dart Nouverre … move there!!

7. Romantic Period - Ballet After the French Revolution, the arts were available for the general public to enjoy (no longer just for the upper classes) Stories of the supernatural became popular Ballerinas cast as supernatural creatures (fairies, ghosts, …) began dancing on their toes (en pointe…on the toes) Pointe shoes - special shoes used for dancing en pointe

8. Romantic Period - Ballet

9. Romantic Period - Ballet Eventually, the heavy fabrics, wigs and masks were eliminated Costumes were made from tulle (a fine net used for veils or tutus) Tutu - ballet skirt - the first tutus had a hemline that fell between the knee and the ankle Female dancers started to become more popular during this “Golden Age” of ballet

10. Romantic Period - Ballet The center of ballet began to shift from France to Russia The Romanov family wanted to “westernize” their court, so they invited artists from western Europe to perform in Russia Petipa - ballet dancer who developed the short skirt (tutu) that allowed audiences to view the advances in technique for female dancers Petipa was also a choreographer for well known ballets with scores by Tchaikovsky

11. Romantic Period Theatre Melodrama - means music drama Each character in a melodrama has a theme song Melodrama uses stock characters (stereotypical characters) Melodrama had a villain, hero, and heroine Actors would often overact to get the audience to respond (“you’re being melodramatic”)

12. Romantic Period Theatre Melodrama Plots had good always winning over evil Romantic subplot between hero and heroine Villain wanted to steal the hero’s money and/or girl Hero rescues the heroine just in time

13. Romantic Period Music Beethoven had established himself as a self-supporting musician (didn’t need a patron/employer) Musicians no longer relied on patrons (employers) Opera was very popular Music was written with great difficulty so performers could show off (virtuoso) New instruments added to orchestra Piano was one of the most popular instruments

14. Romantic Period Music Pyotr Tchaikovsky Wrote music for numerous genres, but is known mostly for his ballets Sleeping Beauty, Swan Lake, The Nutcracker

15. Romantic Period Music Richard Wagner Known for his operas Leitmotif - short melodies assigned to people or ideas in his operas Ring Cycle - set of 4 operas based on German mythology (would take over 16 hours to perform the all back to back)

16. Romantic Period Art Romantic era artists created their work as a means of revolt against the order and reason of the Neoclassical era Movement toward nature and imagination Emotion and an interest in the exotic and the supernatural

17. Romantic Period Art John Constable British landscape artist Artwork reflected the rural scenes of England and the elements of daily life that are associated with those scenes Began an attempt to capture the moods of changing light (Constable - landscapes - stables are outside)

18. Romantic Period Art Francisco Goya Spanish painter Works recorded historical events that showed the prejudices and ignorance of society (unusual for this period of time) Near the end of his life, he began creating paintings of insanity, madness and fantasy Became blind AND deaf (many believe that the pigments he used in his paints may have poisoned him) (Goya could be gory)

21. Realism Art style (late 19th century) Art style with simple goals Seek the truth (“let’s get real”) Find beauty in the commonplace Focus on the industrial revolution and the conditions suffered by the working class Rejected the dream-like qualities of Romantic art

22. Realism Art style Gustave Courbet His painting The Stone Breakers began the realism art movement Wanted to show life, people, places as they really were instead of idealized views

25. Realism Art style Edouard Manet Believed that art should reflect the present rather than the past Transitional artist between Realism and Impressionism

29. Realism in Theatre Melodrama’s popularity began to decrease People wanted to see more realistic drama Playwrights believed that the subject matter of their plays should be lifelike Characters are not stereotypical Use of everyday language Not all happy endings - suicide, infidelity, unhappy marriages

30. Realism in Theatre Henrik Ibsen Father of Realism His play Hedda Gabler ends in the main character’s suicide In A Doll’s House, the female leaves her husband and children at the end

31. Realism in Theatre George Bernard Shaw Wanted his plays to educate society Wrote Pygmalian…. Was the basis for the popular 20th century musical My Fair Lady

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