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Writing Expressions and EquationsPowerPoint Presentation

Writing Expressions and Equations

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Writing Expressions and Equations

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Writing ExpressionsandEquations

- Often words and phrases suggest addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. You just need to know those words!
- Take notes!! You are about to receive your clue words!

Plus

Sum

More than

Increased by

In all

Minus

Difference

Less than

Less

Decreased by

Times

Produce

Multiplied

Twice

Each

Divided

Quotient

Per

Separate

Five dollars less than Jennifer earned

- Less than is a subtraction clue
- When less than is used, the 2nd item is always written first.
- Jennifer is the 2nd item; we don’t know her earnings, so use a variable.

Five dollars less than Jennifer earned

- Since less than is subtraction and the 2nd item goes first, the beginning of the expression would like this:
j -

Five dollars less than Jennifer earned

- Now write the rest of the expression to complete the phrase!
j - $5

Twice as many tomatoes as last year

- What’s our clue word? TWICE
- Do we know how many tomatoes there were last year? NO
- So, what should be used for the tomatoes? VARIABLE

Twice as many tomatoes as last year

- What does twice mean? TWO TIMES
- When a coefficient and a variable are being multiplied, remember how to write them!!
SMASHED TOGETHER LIKE PB&J

Twice as many tomatoes as last year

2t

3 more runs than the Pirates scored

- Word Clue: MORE
- Variable Clue: Pirates undefined
3 + p

- The ONLY difference between expressions and equations:
the word: IS

Five more than a number is 20.

- Word Clue:MORE THAN
- Variable Clue:NUMBER IS UNDEFINED
- Equation Clue:IS

Five more than a number is 20.

Write it as you read it!!!

5 + n = 20

Three times Jack’s age equals 12.

- Word Clue:TIMES
- Variable Clue:JACK’S AGE UNDEFINED
- Equation Clue:EQUALS

Three times Jack’s age equals 12.

Write it as you read it!!

3j = 12

Ten less a number is 8

- Word Clue:LESS
- Variable Clue:NUMBER IS UNDEFINED
- Equation Clue:IS
- Notice that it is only LESS, not less than. This means to write it as you read it!!

Ten less a number is 8

10 – n = 8

Seven less than a number is 6

- Word Clue:LESS
- Variable Clue:NUMBER IS UNDEFINED
- Equation Clue:IS
- Notice that it is LESS THAN, not less. This means to write the 2nd item first!!

Seven less than a number is 6

n – 7 = 6

You try these!

- Eight more than x
- The sum of a number and four is -9
- Nine less than t
- Twice a number equals -10
- A number less 4 is 12.
- Five years older than Luis.
- A number divided by -12
- Twice as many oranges.
- A number less 6.
- -15 divided by some number.