THE IDEA OF GOD ,                       CREATION STORIES ,                 THE IDEA OF HEAVEN AND HE...
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 48

A CREATION STORY INVOLVING A GOD PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 97 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

THE IDEA OF GOD , CREATION STORIES , THE IDEA OF HEAVEN AND HELL NIENKE MOOR ARIANA NEED WOUT ULTEE RADBOUD UNIVERSITY NIJMEGEN NWO-PROGRAMME EVOLUTION AND BEHAVIOUR UTRECHT , DECEMBER 9, 2008.

Download Presentation

A CREATION STORY INVOLVING A GOD

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


A creation story involving a god

THE IDEA OF GOD , CREATION STORIES , THE IDEA OF HEAVEN AND HELL

NIENKE MOOR

ARIANA NEED

WOUT ULTEE

RADBOUD UNIVERSITY NIJMEGEN

NWO-PROGRAMME EVOLUTION AND BEHAVIOUR UTRECHT , DECEMBER 9, 2008


A creation story involving a god

A CREATION STORY INVOLVING A GOD

JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITY : GOD MOLDED CLAY IN HIS OWN IMAGE , BLEW LIFE IN IT , AND MAN WAS CREATED

MICHELANGELO , 1508-1512 VATICAN , SISTINE CHAPEL CEILING , DETAIL


A creation story involving a god

THIS IS AN EFFORT IN THE SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION AND IN GENERAL SOCIOLOGY

IN 1970 LENSKI DEVELOPED A GENERAL THEORY CALLED

ECOLOGICAL EVOLUTIONISM

EARLY SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION :

THERE ARE NO SOCIETIES WITHOUT RELIGION

WHY IS RELIGION A SOCIETAL UNIVERSAL ?

RELIGION CONTRIBUTES TO SOCIETAL SURVIVAL


A creation story involving a god

ECOLOGICAL EVOLUTIONISM

PROPOSES A PROBLEM SHIFT IN THE SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION

THE IDEA OF A GOD DIFFERS FROM SOCIETY TO SOCIETY

WHY RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY ?

ECOLOGICAL EVOLUTIONISM EXPLAINS RELIGIOUS IDEAS AS A BY-PRODUCT OF THE HUMAN TENDENCY TO REASON BY ANALOGY


A creation story involving a god

RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY ACCORDING TO

LENSKI , HUMAN SOCIETIES , FIRST EDITION 1970 , PAGE 134

FOUR TYPES OF REPRESENTATIONS OF GOD


A creation story involving a god

THIS TABLE WAS OBTAINED FROM MURDOCK’S 1962 ETHNOGRAPHIC ATLAS

A SYSTEMATIC CODING OF MONOGRAPHS

THAT REPORT FIELD WORK UNDERTAKEN IN PRE-INDUSTRIAL SOCIETIES BEFORE 1950

IN THE STANDARD SAMPLE OF 186 SOCIETIES , SOCIETIES DO NOT BORDER SO THAT DIFFUSION THEORIES ARE NOT APPLICABLE


A creation story involving a god

ECOLOGICAL EVOLUTIONISM :

HUMAN POPULATIONS POSSESS TECHNOLOGIES , IN PARTICULAR KNOWLEDGE ABOUT SUBSISTENCE MAKING THE BEST OF A SOCIETY’S ENVIRONMENT

AND THEY POSSESS IDEOLOGIES , WHICH LEGITIMIZE THE USE OF THIS KNOWLEDGE AND INSPIRE NORMS AND VALUES


A creation story involving a god

AGRICULTURE AS SUBSISTENCE : MAN PLOUGHING A FIELD, SOUTHERN CHINA, 1995


A creation story involving a god

HORTICULTURE AS SUBSISTENCE : ONLOOKING WOMAN AND MAN WORKING A GARDEN WITH A DIGGING STICK, WEMALE, MALUKU (MOLUCCAS ISLANDS), 1948


A creation story involving a god

HUNTING AS SUBSISTENCE : HUNTERS AT THE KEI-ISLAND OF MALUKU 1886


A creation story involving a god

TYPES OF SUBSISTENCE :

HUNTING AND GATHERING

SIMPLE HORTICULTURE

ADVANCED HORTICULTURE

AGRICULTURE

INDUSTRY

TYPES ARE STAGES IN SOCIETAL EVOLUTION AND THERE ARE EVOLUTIONARY BYPATHS :

FISHING

SEAFARING

HERDING


A creation story involving a god

ECOLOGICAL EVOLUTIONISM

THE HIGHER A SOCIETY’S LEVEL OF SUBSISTENCE TECHNOLOGY , THE MORE ACTIVE ITS GOD(S)

BUT WHY WOULD A HIGHER SUBSISTENCE TECHNOLOGY MAKE FOR THE IDEA OF MORE ACTIVE GOD(S) ?

THE MORE THE MEMBERS OF A HUMAN SOCIETY INTERVENE FOR THEIR SUBSISTENCE IN THEIR ENVIRONMENT ,

THE MORE THEIR GOD(S) INTERVENE IN SOCIETY


A creation story involving a god

THE UNDERLYING PROPOSITION ?

HUME 1757 ANTHROPOMORPHISM : PEOPLE MAKE GODS IN THEIR OWN IMAGE

DURKHEIM 1912 SOCIOCENTRISM : PEOPLE ARE ONLY CAPABLE OF REPRESENTING THE WORLD AFTER THE IMAGE OF THE SMALL SOCIAL WORLD IN WHICH THEY LIVE


A creation story involving a god

CONTEMPORARY EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY :

PINKER’S 1991 HUMAN UNIVERSALS INCLUDE ANTHROPOMORPHIZATION AND METAPHORS

ANALOGICAL REASONING AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO WILSON’S 2002 BLIND VARIATION

DAWKINS’ 2006 THESIS THAT THE GOD DELUSION IS A BY-PRODUCT OF THE INTENTIONAL STANCE


A creation story involving a god

TOPITSCH’S 1954 PROPOSITION

PEOPLE COMPREHEND THE UNKNOWN BY ANALOGY WITH THE KNOWN

KNOWN ARE VITAL PROCESSES - BIOMORPHISM

KNOWN ARE TECHNICAL ACHIEVEMENTS - TECHNOMORPHISM

KNOWN ARE SOCIETAL ARRANGEMENTS – SOCIOMORPHISM

THE UNKNOWN : ORIGINS AND DESTINATIONS


A creation story involving a god

IF THE WORLD AROSE BECAUSE HEAVEN MARRIED EARTH,

THIS IS AN INSTANCE OF BIOMORPHISM

IF GOD CREATED THE FIRST HUMAN BEING BY MOLDING CLAY INTO A SHAPE RESEMBLING GOD

THIS IS AN INSTANCE OF TECHNOMORPHISM

IF GOD RULES THE WORLD BY PUNISHING EVIL WITH HELL AND REWARDING THE GOOD WITH HEAVEN

THIS IS AN INSTANCE OF SOCIOMORPHISM


A creation story involving a god

LENSKI’S TYPES OF SUBSISTENCE

LINKED

TO THE TYPES OF ANALOGIES OF TOPITSCH :

HUNTING AND BIOMORPHISMNO SUPREME CREATOR

FISHING BIOMORPHISMNO SUPREME CREATOR

SIMPLE BIOMORPHISMNON-ACTIVE SUPREME CREATOR HORTICULTURE

ADVANCED TECHNOMORPHISMNON-MORAL SUPREME CREATOR HORTICULTURE

AGRICULTURE SOCIOMORPHISMMORAL SUPREME CREATOR

HERDING SOCIOMORPHISMMORAL SUPREME CREATOR


A creation story involving a god

OF COURSE , THERE ARE NO DIRECT MEASURES FOR BIOMORPHISM , TECHNOMORPHISM AND SOCIOMORPHISM IN MURDOCK’S ETHNOGRAPHIC ATLAS

BUT THE ETHNOGRAPHIC ATLAS CODES THE PRESENCE OF FULL-TIME CRAFT SPECIALIZATION - THE PRIME MODEL FOR TECHNICAL ANALOGIES

AND THE PRESENCE OF ONE RULER - THE PRIME MODEL FOR SOCIETAL ANALOGIES


A creation story involving a god

ADVANCED HORTICULTURE MAKES FOR CRAFT SPECIALIZATION , AND AGRICULTURE ALSO FOR RULERS

AFTER ADDING TO LOGISTIC REGRESSION MODELS MEASURES FOR CRAFT SPECIALIZATION AND FOR THE PRESENCE OF RULERS

THE EFFECT OF AGRICULTURE ON THE PRESENCE OF A MORAL SUPREME CREATOR BECOMES INDIRECT


A creation story involving a god

THE EFFECT OF CRAFT SPECIALIZATION IS

MORE PRONOUNCED THAN THAT OF RULERS

THE PRESENCE OF RULERS INCREASES

THE CHANCES OF A SUPREME CREATOR RATHER THAN NO SUPREME CREATOR


A creation story involving a god

GOD IN HEAVEN SITTING ON A THRONE WITH A GLOBE IN HIS HAND :

GOD AS RULER OF THE WORLD

CATHEDRAL OF GERONA IN SPAIN , MANUSCRIPT FROM 975


A creation story involving a god

IF PEOPLE COMPREHEND THE UNKNOWN BY ANALOGY WITH THE KNOWN , QUESTIONS ABOUT GOD ARE OFF THE MARK

A SECOND PROBLEM SHIFT IN ECOLOGICAL EVOLUTIONISM :

FROM QUESTIONS ABOUT GODS WHO NOW AND THEN CREATE

TO QUESTIONS ABOUT CREATIONS SOMETIMES INVOLVING A GOD


A creation story involving a god

THE PREDECESSOR ON MURDOCK’S ETHNOGRAPHIC ATLAS IS THE HUMAN RELATIONS AREA FILE ,

COMPRISING ORIGINAL PUBLICATIONS

FOR 116 OF THE 186 PRE-INDUSTRIAL SOCIETIES IN THE STANDARD SAMPLE

WE FOUND CREATION STORIES


A creation story involving a god

TO CODE CREATION STORIES , WE EXPANDED OUR LIST OF ANALOGIES

SANDAY 1981 MADE US DISTINGUISH MALE INFLUENCE MODELS FROM FEMALE INFLUENCE MODELS

TOPITSCH 1988 MADE US DISTINGUISH KINSHIP MODELS FROM RULER MODELS ( BOTH FORMS OF SOCIOMORPHISM )

AND COBB 2006 MADE US BRING IN SPONTANEOUS CREATION MODELS


A creation story involving a god

POSTULATED LINKS


A creation story involving a god

TESTING THE POSTULATED LINKS

Presence of a female creator in creation stories of 116 pre-industrial societies according to the subsistence technology of these societies, percentages (absolute frequencies in brackets)


A creation story involving a god

ONCE MORE TESTING THE LINKS

Presence of a creator who is a parent or ruler in creation stories of 116 pre-industrial societies according to the subsistence technology of these societies, percentages (absolute frequencies in brackets)


A creation story involving a god

ONCE MORE TESTING THE LINKS

Type of creative act in creation stories of pre-industrial societies according to the subsistence technology of these societies, percentages; 116 pre-industrial societies (absolute frequencies in brackets)


A creation story involving a god

REFUTATION OF HYPOTHESES , BUT :

TECHNICAL ANALOGIES APPEAR BEFORE FULL-TIME CRAFT SPECIALIZATION EMERGES

COMMAND ANALOGIES APPEAR THERE BEFORE RULERS BECOME STRONG


A creation story involving a god

FROM QUESTIONS ABOUT IDEAS OF GOD IN PRE-INDUSTRIAL SOCIETIES

TO QUESTIONS ABOUT INDUSTRIALIZATION AND SECULARIZATION


A creation story involving a god

THE BIG ISSUE IN THE CONTEMPORARY SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION :

IS THERE A EUROPEAN , AND PERHAPS WORLD-WIDE , TREND TOWARDS SECULARITY ,

OR DOES INDUSTRIALIZATION AND DEMOCRATIZATION MAKE FOR SECULARIZATION ?


A creation story involving a god

EXPANDED ECOLOGICAL EVOLUTIONISM LISTS THREE CAUSES FOR THE DECLINE OF OLD ANALOGIES

THE SHIFT FROM AGRICULTURE TO INDUSTRY ERODES SEXUAL REPRODUCTION ANALOGIES AND CRAFT ANALOGIES

DEMOCRATIZATION ERODES RULER ANALOGIES

THE INCREASINGTENSION BETWEEN THE IDEA THAT HUMAN BEINGS INTERVENE MORE AND MORE IN THEIR ENVIRONMENT AND THE IDEA THE GOD INTERVENES MORE AND MORE IN SOCIETY


A creation story involving a god

ISSUE USED TO BE STUDIED WITH DATA ON CHURCH MEMBERSHIP AND DATA ON CHURCH ATTENDANCE

NOWADAYS COMPARABLE DATA ARE AVAILABLE FOR MANY COUNTRIES ON VARIOUS IDEAS OF GOD

THE EUROPEAN VALUES SURVEYS AND THE WORLD VALUES SURVEYS

THESE SURVEYS DO NOT EXPLICITLY MEASURE THE USE OF ANALOGIES


A creation story involving a god

Representations of God, by country EVS 1999-2000 (in %)


A creation story involving a god

industrialization and ideas about god

industrialization

personal god

%

%

personal god

abstract godabstract /personal god

abstract god

agnosticismagnosticismagnosticism

atheismatheism

atheism


A creation story involving a god

AN AGRICULTURAL JOB AND A HIGHER PERCENT IN AGRICULTURE MAKE A PERSONAL GOD MORE LIKELY

MORE EDUCATION AND A HIGHER AVERAGE EDUCATION MAKES A PERSONAL GOD LESS LIKELY

VOTING FOR THE LEFT AND MORE LEFT-WING VOTING MAKE A PERSONAL GOD LESS LIKELY

BELIEF IN A STRONG LEADER MAKES A PERSONAL GOD MORE LIKELY


A creation story involving a god

ECOLOGICAL EVOLUTIONISM INVITES A THIRD PROBLEM SHIFT IN THE CONTEMPORARY SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION :

FROM QUESTIONS ABOUT GOD

TO QUESTIONS ABOUT HEAVEN AND HELL

JEROEN BOSCH, 1510

THE HELL PANEL FROM A TRIPTYCH MADRID, PRADO


A creation story involving a god

Religious acts and beliefs by type of society (%)

Norris and Inglehart 2004, page 57; data for 74 states from

World Values Survey 1981-2001


A creation story involving a god

BELIEF IN GOD IS LEAST RELATED TO TECHNOLOGY

BELIEF IN HEAVEN MORE SO

AND BELIEF IN HELL EVEN MORE SO

NORRIS AND INGLEHART HOLD THAT MORE MATERIAL SECURITY MAKES FOR LESS BELIEF

BUT WHY DOES BELIEF IN HELL DECREASE MOST ?


A creation story involving a god

AND IF RELIGION OFFERS AFTER-LIFE REWARDS FOR MATERIAL INSECURITY NOW , WHY DID PEOPLE EVER THINK THAT GOD PUNISHES PEOPLE BY SENDING THEM TO HELL ?

THE TOPITSCH-HYPOTHESIS :

IF THE UNKNOWN RESEMBLES THE KNOWN

AND IF IN DEMOCRATIC AND INDUSTRIAL SOCIETIES MATERIAL INSECURITY DECLINES

BELIEF IN HELL SHOULD GO DOWN MORE THAN BELIEF IN HEAVEN


A creation story involving a god

Belief in heaven and hell by type of society (%)

THERE ARE HARDLY ANY PEOPLE WHO BELIEVE IN HELL BUT NOT IN HEAVEN

WORLD VALUES SURVEY 1981-2001, 74 societies, own calculations


A creation story involving a god

AN AGRICULTURAL JOB AND A HIGHER PERCENT IN AGRICULTURE MAKE BELIEF IN HEAVEN PLUS HELL MORE LIKELY

MORE EDUCATION AND A HIGHER AVERAGE EDUCATION MAKES DISBELIEF IN BOTH HEAVEN AND HELL MORE LIKELY

VOTING FOR A LEFT WING PARTY AND MORE LEFT-WING VOTES MAKE DISBELIEF IN BOTH HEAVEN AND HELL MORE LIKELY


A creation story involving a god

IF YOU WISH TO SEE THIS POWERPOINT AT A LEISURELY PACE , GO TO

http://www.socsci.kun.nl/maw/sociologie/ultee

AND THEN CLICK FOREIGN PRESENTATIONS

OR TYPE IN GOOGLE

WOUT ULTEE

MY WEBSITE IS THE FIRST HIT


  • Login