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Japan. The Land of the Rising Sun. Stuff. Japan is an archipelago – A chain of islands. 4 Main Islands. Honshu Shikoku Kyushu Hokkaido Arable land – able to be farmed (13%). Tectonic activity. Ring of Fire – A region of tectonic activity along the Pacific Rim. Earthquakes.

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Japan

Japan

The Land of the Rising Sun


Stuff

Stuff

Japan is an archipelago – A chain of islands


4 main islands

4 Main Islands

Honshu

Shikoku

Kyushu

Hokkaido

Arable land – able to be farmed (13%)


Tectonic activity

Tectonic activity

Ring of Fire – A region of tectonic activity along the Pacific Rim


Earthquakes

Earthquakes

Earthquakes – 7,500/yr, 1,500 are felt at the surface

Seismograph – Measures movements within the earth’s crust

Volcanoes – 170, 75 active


Benefit

Benefit

Creates natural hot springs – leads to resorts and tourism


Stuff1

Stuff

  • Climate follows US east coast

  • Monsoon – A shift in prevailing winds

  • Typhoon – A tropical hurricane. Common in Japan


Stuff2

Stuff

Population – 128 million

Density – 870/mi2

Land and housing cost – very expensive

Many families live – in high rise apartments


Stuff3

Stuff

Homogenous – Ethnically the same

National unity – very strong

Discrimination – is evident against minorities

Only significant minority – Koreans - .6%


Religion

Religion

Shinto – ancient religion

Respect forces of nature

Worship (respect) the spirits of dead ancestors

Many homes have a Shinto shrine

It is no longer the focus of life


Stuff4

Stuff

Buddhism – Most common today

Popular (pop culture) same as US


History

History

  • Isolation – for centuries Japan chose to isolate themselves, trading only with their neighbors

  • 1543 – Portuguese traders arrived

  • 1639 – Japan was fearful of a takeover so they kickes out the Westerners (Europeans)


History1

History

1853 – US forcefully re-opens Japan. Japan was forced to sign unfair trade agreements

Commodore Matthew C. Perry – led the expedition to Japan

Edo – Name for Tokyo until the 1860’s


History2

History

1868 – A new government takes over with the goal of “defeating” the foreigners

Emperor Meiji – The new emperor. He was a reformer


Meiji reforms 1869 1912

Meiji Reforms (1869 – 1912)

  • 1. Sent many Japanese students to America to study

  • 2. Became more democratic

  • 3. Set up a new school system with education available to all

  • 4. Developed an extensive railroad and telegraph network

    Early 1900’s – the unfair practices ended


History3

History

  • Japan adopted western ideas – but they did not wish to become a western society

  • Imperialism – taking over weaker nations for their natural resource


History4

History

December 17, 1941 – Japan attacks the US at Pearl Harbor

August 1945 – The US drops two nuclear bombs on Japan – Hiroshima, Nagasaki


History5

History

1945 – 1952 – US occupied Japan

Removed military leaders

The emperor was stripped of his power

The military was disbanded

Introduced democracy


Economy

Economy

Economic growth – Japan has the fastest growing economy since WWII

World’s workshop – Japan’s nickname because they import raw materials and export finished products


Economy1

Economy

Products – cars, motorcycles, electronics

By 1960 Japan had the #2 economy in the world

How did they do it?

Greatest natural resource - People


Education

Education

Education is very important in Japanese culture. Very well-educated people

Long school days

Short vacations

Lots of homework

Assignments over summer vacation


Education1

Education

  • To enter high school – one must pass an exam

  • To enter college – one must pass an exam

  • Fierce competition – for spots in the top universities

  • Juku – “cram” schools. Many students attend juku schools after the regular school day


Education2

Education

Recent changes – relaxing the strict tradition

1. No more Saturday school

2. More extracurricular activities available

3. “Zest for living” program


Business

Business

Japan’s workforce is very dedicated

Good attitude and cooperation

Work long hours

Take pride in company success


Business1

Business

  • In return, companies – take care of employees

  • 1. Low rent apartments

  • 2. Company paid vacations

  • Paid medical, child care, low interest loans


Business2

Business

  • Many workers are hired right out of college and work for the same company until retirement. Quitting or being fired is rare.


Business3

Business

  • Recent changes – Japan’s economy has sufferd a downturn

  • 1. increased competition (S. Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong)

  • 2. Tariff – A tax on imports. Designed to favor domestic manufacturers

  • 3. Quota – A fixed quantity of something (Japanese imports)


Business4

Business

  • Late 1990’s – Japan suffered a recession. It was the first economic setback since WWII. Businesses failed and the economy suffered. Recovery has been slow. Japan has still not fully recovered.


The end

The End!


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