Investigating Oil and Gas:. Environmental and Social Impact on Emerging oil countries. Origin of the oil crisis between the Nigerian government and the oil bearing communities. *Years of developmental Neglect
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Investigating Oil and Gas:
Environmental and Social Impact on Emerging oil countries
-lack of a well conceived developmental intervention plans
.Elected Officials-used militants as political thugs, provided them with funds to procure ammunitions, corruption cover up, bunkering, feeding the beast
.Militants-Over 207 militia groups. Most of them shadow groups with a different agenda.
-modus operandi â€“hostage taking, bunkering, attacks, pipeline vandalisation often undermine the larger goal
MEND-Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta seems the most authentic but leadership structure is fuzzy.
.NNPC-Nigerian government oil company confessed to payoffs to militants over the years in a way undermining the process.
Africa Energy Intelligence Publication
Journal of Criminal Law
International Enforcement Report.
Environmental Rights Agenda