The congress of vienna
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The Congress of Vienna. The End of Napoleon. Treaty of Paris of 1814 restored Louis XVIII, brother of Louis XVI to the throne of France France got to keep 1792 frontiers including Alsace and Lorraine (remember this for later wars against Prussia and WWI)

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The Congress of Vienna

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The congress of vienna

The Congress of Vienna


The end of napoleon

The End of Napoleon

  • Treaty of Paris of 1814 restored Louis XVIII, brother of Louis XVI to the throne of France

  • France got to keep 1792 frontiers including Alsace and Lorraine (remember this for later wars against Prussia and WWI)

  • France gave up the Rhine Valley and Belgium


But napoleon comes back

But Napoleon comes back

  • Napoleon’s 100 Days Campaign

  • Battle of Waterloo

  • So they need to make a stronger END to all this republican and revolution business


Key players at the conference

Key Players at the Conference

  • Austria

  • Great Britain

  • Russia

  • Prussia

  • Minor Participants:

    • Sweden

    • Denmark

    • Spain

    • Portugal

    • Bavaria

    • Saxony

    • Wurttemberg


Goals

Goals

  • Re-establish the balance of powers in Europe

  • Re-draw the map of Europe after 25 years of warfare

  • Control the forces of nationalism and liberalism that threatened the old order


Conservatism over liberalism

Conservatism over liberalism

  • Legitimate governments were established through tradition not revolution


Key players and perspectives

Key Players and Perspectives

  • Prince Klemens von Metternich of Austria

    • Metternich System

      • All powers work together to maintain status qou

      • Oppose liberalism and revolutionary nationalism

      • Support of legitimate governments founded on tradition

  • Austria’s Goals

    • Gain portions of Poland

    • Block growth of Russian power

    • Prevent Prussia from dominating central Europe


The congress of vienna

  • King Frederick William III

  • Prussia’s Goals

    • Gain all of Saxony


The congress of vienna

  • Lord Castlereagh, British Foreign Minister

  • Britain’s Goals

    • Maintain balance of power on the continent so they can concentrate on their empire

    • Keep France small in power

    • Fear increasing power of Russian and Prussia in Eastern Europe


The congress of vienna

  • Czar Alexander I, Russia

  • Russia’s Goals

    • Gain all of Poland


The congress of vienna

  • Prince Charles de Talleyrand, France

    • Able to play off the other power’s fears to get concessions for France


June 9 1815

June 9, 1815

  • A system of bargains and compromises, giving no one state too much power

    • Bourbon monarchy restored in France

    • GB acquired colonies in Africa, and Mediterranean Islands

    • Holland re-established their monarchy and got control over the mouth of the Rhine

    • Prussia received 40% of Saxony, some Rhine Valley territory as a buffer from France, and a large portion of Poland

    • Austria received some territory in Italy (Lombardy, Venetia, Tyrol)

    • Creation of the German Confederation to replace the Holy Roman Empire

    • Russia got Finland and a large portion of Poland


Animated map

Animated Map

  • http://www.the-map-as-history.com/demos/tome01/index.php

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ugqGueQ9Ud8&feature=related


Congress of vienna quick summary

Congress of Vienna Quick Summary

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3igypsAnIm0


For fun

For Fun!

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wXsZbkt0yqo


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