the continua of multilingual education and the basque educational context jasone cenoz
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The Continua of Multilingual Education and the Basque educational context Jasone Cenoz. Outline of the presentation. 1. Definitions and typologies of multilingual education 2. The continua of multilingual education 3. Examples of different types of multilingual schools 4. Conclusions . 1.

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outline of the presentation
Outline of the presentation

1. Definitions and typologies of multilingual education

2. The continua of multilingual education

3. Examples of different types of multilingual schools

4. Conclusions

slide3
1.

Definitions and typologies of multilingual education

definitions of bi multilingual education
Definitions of bi/multilingual education

►‘Use of two or more languages as media of instruction’

(Skutnabb-Kangas & McCarty, 2007)

► ‘The use of two (or more) languages of instruction at some point in a student’s school career. The languages are used to teach subject matter content rather than just the language itself’

(Cummins 2007)

definitions of bi multilingual education1
Definitions of bi/multilingual education

► ‘Ideally reserved for those schools and classrooms that teach some, most or all subject content through two languages’ (Baker, 2007)

►‘For a program to be deemed to be bilingual, the key is that both languages must be used as media of instruction and thus to deliver curriculum content’ (May 2007)

beyond bilingual education
Beyond bilingual education

► Difficult to use all the languages as languages of instruction even if the school aims at developing multilingualism and multiliteracy

► In some cases the use of a minority as the language of instruction can result in balanced bilingualism because of the sociolinguistic context

definition of multilingual education
Definition of multilingual education

►‘Multilingual education refers to schools that teach more than two languages and aim at multilingualism and multiliteracy’

typologies
Typologies

► Advantage: can impose theoretical order and facilitate cross-community (Edwards, 2007)

► Disadvantage: static, reductionist, many situations do not fit in (Baker, 2006; Martin-Jones, 2007)

typologies of multilingual education
Typologies of multilingual education

► More diversity: languages involved, program designs and sociolinguistic variables.

► Ytsma (2001) already has 46 types just by looking at three variables

slide10
2.

The Continua of Multilingual Education

new book cenoz j 2009 towards multilingual education bristol multilingual matters
New book:Cenoz, J. (2009) Towards Multilingual EducationBristol: Multilingual Matters
continua of multilingual education
Continua of multilingual education

► ‘Represent the infinity and fluidity of movement along each of the continua’ (Hornberger, 2007)

► The features of multilingual education can be represented in a model based on continua

slide18
3.

Examples of different types of multilingual schools

basque country
Basque Country

Lauro Ikastola. Basque-medium ikastola, Spanish speaking area, English additional language of instruction

St Patrick’s English school. English-medium, Basque spoken by 30%, Spanish and Basque additional languages of instruction.

basque country1
Basque Country

►Sociolinguistics-micro level: parents, siblings, peers, neighbours

►Sociolinguistics-macro level: speakers, status, media, landscape

► Educational: subject, language of instruction, teachers, school context

► Linguistic distance

lauro ikastola and european schools
Lauro Ikastola and European Schools

►Sociolinguistics-micro level: parents, siblings, peers, neighbours

►Sociolinguistics-macro level: speakers, status, media, landscape

► Educational: subject, language of instruction, teachers, school context

► Linguistic distance

lauro ikastola and nizamia school in mysore
Lauro Ikastola and Nizamia school in Mysore

►Sociolinguistics-micro level: parents, siblings, peers, neighbours

►Sociolinguistics-macro level: speakers, status, media, landscape

► Educational: subject, language of instruction, teachers, school context

► Linguistic distance

slide23
4.

Conclusions

continua of multilingual education1
Continua of multilingual education

► The interaction of linguistic, sociolinguistic and educational variables

► The complexity of education by including different types of variables

► The dynamics of education

continua of multilingual education2
Continua of multilingual education

► Tool to describe different types of multilingual education

► Can accommodate the most typical cases of multilingual education

► Schools to analyze their own situation

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