Computer supported collaborative work of a distributed remote science team and a mars crew
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Computer Supported Collaborative Work of a Distributed Remote Science Team and a Mars Crew. Maarten Sierhuis, Ph.D. Mobile Agents Project Lead RIACS/NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA. Play Mobile Agents 2004 Field Test @ MDRS DVD. Slides from Last Year. Review of Mobile Agents.

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Computer Supported Collaborative Work of a Distributed Remote Science Team and a Mars Crew

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Computer supported collaborative work of a distributed remote science team and a mars crew

Computer Supported Collaborative Work of a Distributed Remote Science Team and a Mars Crew

Maarten Sierhuis, Ph.D.

Mobile Agents Project Lead

RIACS/NASA Ames Research Center

Moffett Field, CA


Play mobile agents 2004 field test @ mdrs dvd

PlayMobile Agents 2004Field Test @ MDRSDVD


Slides from last year

Slides from Last Year

Review of Mobile Agents


Mobile agents a software agent architecture for supporting evas on mars tested at the mdrs

Mobile AgentsA software agent architecture for supporting EVAs on Mars tested at the MDRS


Mobile agents objectives

Mobile Agents Objectives

Use what we’ve learned studying and modeling planetary EVA’s to develop a new generation of EVA support systems

A model-based intelligent architecture to seamlessly

  • Integrate data from mobile system components (robot, atv, suit, tools, etc.)

  • Provide this data to the, EVA astronaut, rover, habitat and remote mission support (with time delay)

  • Use software "intelligent agents" to

    • interpret this data

    • provide model-based advice pertinent to carrying out efficient and safe EVAs.

    • Help crews and mission control coordinate their work

      Key: Based on Work Practice Studies of actual field work.


Brahms compendium possible future kmi collaboration

Last Slide of Last Year’s Talk

Brahms & Compendium(possible future KMi collaboration)

  • Compendium as a Human-Agent Interface

    • Semi-formal

    • Informal: Human  Human

    • Formal: Human  Agent

  • Agents put data into Compendium

  • Humans communicate to agents

  • Agents get data out of Compendium


Collaborative planetary science

Collaborative Planetary Science

  • Teamwork

  • Collaborative decision-making

  • Man or machine science?

  • Apollo missions

  • MER mission

  • Human mission to Mars (MDRS ’03)


Mission operations support issues during apollo

Mission Operations Support Issues during Apollo

  • Technology Limitations

    • No image processing

    • No image download

    • No Location tracking

  • Ground processing “by hand”

    • Voice transcriptions

    • Sample & image recording

    • Health monitoring

  • Ground-based human CapCom

    • Short missions

    • Time delay

    • EVA schedule monitoring

    • Advice


Mission operations issues during mer

Mission Operations Issues during MER

  • Large Science Team co-Located at JPL (50)

  • 24 * 7 Mission Operations on Mars time (2 shifts per Sol)

  • No Round-Trip Data Tracking

  • Collaborative Science Planning

  • Contention with Engineering Requirements for Robots


Research questions

Research Questions

  • How can a Mars crew communicate about their daily EVA plans with a Remote Science Team on Earth?

  • How can science data be captured and communicated during and after an EVA?

  • What is the role of an Earth-based science team?

    • Can they effectively participate in the planning of daily EVAs?

    • Can they make useful and timely suggestions to the crew?

    • How can they collaborate before, during or after an EVA?

    • Can they lead an EVA?


Computer supported collaborative work of a distributed remote science team and a mars crew

~ 5km

Link L1

L2

EVA astronaut 1

Brahms

Dialog System

Bio-sensors

Differential GPS

Digital Camera

L4

L3

MDRS

Brahms

Dialog System

E-mail

Compendium

ScienceOrganizer

Powerpoint

Internet

1st

Repeater

2nd

Repeater

L5

EVA astronaut 2

Brahms

Dialog System

Bio-sensors

Absolute GPS

Digital Camera

ATV

Agent

Directory

Service

L6

Remote Science Team Location

E-mail

Compendium

ScienceOrganizer

Powerpoint

ERA Robot

Brahms

Panorama/Video Camera

Differential GPS

Mobile Agents at MDRS


Human and agents

Proxy agents

Dialog System

Astro_1

Dialog Com agent

Astro_1 agent

CameraCom agent

DigitalCamera_1

Brahms VM

Human and Agents

Software Agent

An artificial, non-human, software component with which humans or other agents can interact as if it is an independent behavioral entity.


Software agents at mdrs 04

Software Agents at MDRS ‘04

ERA Brahms VM

ERA agent

Hab Brahms VM

ScienceOrganizer agent

Proxy agents

Proxy agents

CapCom agent

Dialog System

Proxy agents

Astro_1

MEX WirelessNetwork

Comm. agent

ERA

Email Agent

KAoS

Dialog Com agent

Compendium

Aagent

GPS &

Biovest

Dialog agent

ScienceOrganizerAagent

MEX Switch Board

On SpaceSuit_1

Astro_1 agent

CameraCom agent

ScienceOrganizer

Compendium

Dialog System

SpaceSuit_1 agent

DigitalCamera_1

Switch BoardCom agent

SpaceSuit_1 Brahms VM

Hab Crew

RST


Computer supported collaborative work of a distributed remote science team and a mars crew

BuddySpace

MeetingReplay

Compendium

NASA Webex

Mars Crew & Mobile Agents

CA

Mars SocietyMission Support

TX

CA

CSCW Tools

ScienceOrganizer

Mars SocietyRST

SUNY BuffaloRST

AZ

UK/NY

RST Facilitator

Mobile Agents Remote Science Team ‘04


Crew rst work flow

Crew/RST Work Flow

EVA plan

Stored in Hab

Compendium & ScienceOrganizer DBs

Stored in HabCompendium &

ScienceOrganizer DBs

Stored in HabCompendium DB

Crew’sNext DayEVA Plan

CrewPerformsEVA

ScienceData

CrewAnalyzesData inHab

CrewAnalysis

CrewDiscussesNext DayEVA Plan

Morning EVABriefing

CrewAnalysis+Next DayEVA Plan

Stored in MeetingReplay Video &Compendium DBon Earth

MARS

EARTH

ScienceData

RST’sAnalysis+Next DayEVA Plan

Individual RST MemberAnalyzes EVA Data

RemotelyFacilitated RSTMeeting

IndividualRST MemberAnalysis

Stored inScienceOrganizer DB on Earth

Stored inCompendium, ScienceOrganizer DBs or

E-mail/Word docon Earth

Stored in Hab and EarthCompendium DB


Computer supported collaborative work of a distributed remote science team and a mars crew

Collaborative Planetary Science

ERA Brahms VM

ERA agent

Compendium

Hab Brahms VM

ScienceOrganizer agent

CapCom agent

MeetingReplay

Comm. agent

ERA

MDRS Crew

ScienceOrganizerAagent

Compendium

Aagent

CA

ScienceOrganizer

EVA

astronaut 1

EVA

astronaut 2

Astro_1 agent

Astro_1 agent

Mars SocietyRST

Compendium

SpaceSuit_1 agent

SpaceSuit_1 agent

SUNY BuffaloRST

AZ

SpaceSuit_1 Brahms VM

SpaceSuit_2 Brahms VM

UK/NY

RST Facilitator


Research questions revisited

Research Questions Revisited

  • How can a Mars crew communicate about their daily EVA plans with a Remote Science Team on Earth?

    • Compendium for asynchronous shared understanding

    • MeetingReplay for time-delayed Mars<->Earth Communication

  • How can science data be captured and communicated during and after an EVA?

    • MAA Agents capture, correlate and store science data in Compendium & ScienceOrganizer

  • What is the role of an Earth-based science team?

    • Can they effectively participate in the planning of daily EVAs?

      • Yes, the tools provide contextual, situated information

      • Needs serious Knowledge Management

      • RST Facilitator is a crucial role

    • Can they make useful and timely suggestions to the crew?

      • No, there is not enough turn-around time in a single-day cycle

    • How can they collaborate before, during or after an EVA?

      • Before and after => use of tools

      • During has not been tried

    • Can they lead an EVA?

      • Has not been tried


People involved

PI: Bill Clancey

Project Lead: Maarten Sierhuis

Brahms Team (Ames)

Ron van Hoof (lead)

Mike Scott

Charis Kaskiris

Yilmaz Cengeloglu

ScienceOrganizer Team (Ames)

Dan Berrios (lead)

Ian Sturken

David Hall

Rich Keller

Compendium Team (KMi Open University, UK)

Simon Buckingham Shum (lead)

Michelle Bachler

Al Selvin (Verizon)

Marc Eisenstadt

Jiri Komzak

MeetingReplay Team (Univ. of Southampton, UK)

Danius Michaelides

Kevin Page

David De Roure

Nigel Shadbolt

MEX Team (Ames)

Rick Alena (lead)

Charles Lee

John Ossenfort

RIALIS Team (Ames)

John Dowding (lead)

NREN (Ames & Glenn)

Marjorie Johnson (Lead)

Ray Gilstrap

NASA Glenn

RST (Mars Society & SUNY Buffalo)

Shannon Rupert (lead)

Stacy Sklar

SUNY Buffalo RST

ERA Team (JSC)

Jeff Graham (lead)

Kim Tyree-Schillcutt

Robert Hirsch

EVA Astronauts (SUNY Buffalo)

Brent Garry

Abby Semple

People Involved


Further information

Further Information

  • Brahms

    • http://www.agentisolutions.com

  • Compendium

    • http://www.compendiuminstitute.org

  • MeetingReplay & Buddyspace

    • http://www.aktors.org/coakting

  • ScienceOrganizer

    • http://sciencedesk.arc.nasa.gov/so/

  • MDRS:

    • http://www.marssociety.org/MDRS


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