External quality assurance vis vis internal quality assurance
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External quality assurance vis-à-vis internal quality assurance. Axel Aerden. 17 April 2012. NVAO?. Set up in the framework of the Bologna Process Bi-national organisation Established by treaty Safeguards for independence procedures, methodologies, decision-making Publicly funded

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External quality assurance vis-à-vis internal quality assurance

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External quality assurance vis-à-vis internal quality assurance

Axel Aerden

17 April 2012


NVAO?

  • Set up in the framework of the Bologna Process

    • Bi-national organisation

    • Established by treaty

  • Safeguards for independence

    • procedures, methodologies, decision-making

  • Publicly funded

    • Pre-funded by the Netherlands & Flanders (60/40)

    • HEIs pay for procedures

  • Accountable

    • Committee of ministers

    • Respective parliaments


European HE Quality Assurance Landscape

European Credit Transfer System

Level descriptors AD, Ba., Ma. & Dr.

Qualifications Framework for EHEA

“Ph.D.”

3rd cycle

European University Association (EUA)

European Standards & Guidelines for QA

European Student Union (ESU)

“Master”

2nd cycle90-120 ECTS

Peer review of QA Agency

Bachelor

1st cycle

180-240 ECTS

European Association of HEIs (EURASHE)

AssociateDegree+/- 120 ECTS

European QA Register

European Association for QA in HE (ENQA)


From internal to external quality assurance


From internal to external quality assurance

  • Internal QA assurance

    • To achieve academic excellence (“improve”)

      • quality of teaching, learning, research and scholarship

    • To demonstrate achieved academic quality (“proof”)

    • To keep at the level of achieved quality

  • External QA assurance

    • To contribute to the enhancement of quality

    • To provide third-party information about quality

    • To support transparency


From internal to external quality assurance

Internal

quality

assurance

system

Assessment frameworks

External

quality

assurance

system

Institutional

level

Institutional

audit

Self-evaluation report

Self-evaluation report

Programme

level

Programme accreditation


NVAO’s general principles

?

  • Open and inclusive approach

    • One framework for all assessments in a given type of procedures

      • E.g. one assessment framework for all types of initial accreditation

    • Fit for purpose (~appropriate burden)

  • Respect for institutional autonomy

    • Internal quality assurance system

    • Assessment in line with institutional choices on the basis of the relevant framework

      • Programme level

      • Institutional level


NVAO’s framework principles

  • Generic, descriptive standards

    ≠ Narrow, prescriptive and highly formulated

    • Broad acceptance

  • Focus on what should be done (~fitness of purpose)

    ≠ How they should be achieved

    • Do not dictate practice

  • Focus on teaching & learning (~education)

    • Incl. academic standards ≠ Research

    • Incl. professional orientation ≠ Service to society


  • The self-evaluation report (NL)

    • Central documentation for External QA

      • Self-contained document – relatively brief

      • Basic information

        • Institution / programme details

    • Presents perspective shared by (internal) stakeholders

    • Addresses each standard in relevant framework

      • rationale, practice, ambition

    • Provide insight into strengths & weaknesses

      • Maximising strengths?

      • Converting weaknesses into strengths?

    • Mandatory annexes


    Thank you for your attention

    [email protected] - @AAerdenwww.nvao.net - www.qrossroads.eu


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