External quality assurance vis vis internal quality assurance
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External quality assurance vis-à-vis internal quality assurance. Axel Aerden. 17 April 2012. NVAO?. Set up in the framework of the Bologna Process Bi-national organisation Established by treaty Safeguards for independence procedures, methodologies, decision-making Publicly funded

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External quality assurance vis vis internal quality assurance

External quality assurance vis-à-vis internal quality assurance

Axel Aerden

17 April 2012


External quality assurance vis vis internal quality assurance

NVAO?

  • Set up in the framework of the Bologna Process

    • Bi-national organisation

    • Established by treaty

  • Safeguards for independence

    • procedures, methodologies, decision-making

  • Publicly funded

    • Pre-funded by the Netherlands & Flanders (60/40)

    • HEIs pay for procedures

  • Accountable

    • Committee of ministers

    • Respective parliaments


European he quality assurance landscape

European HE Quality Assurance Landscape

European Credit Transfer System

Level descriptors AD, Ba., Ma. & Dr.

Qualifications Framework for EHEA

“Ph.D.”

3rd cycle

European University Association (EUA)

European Standards & Guidelines for QA

European Student Union (ESU)

“Master”

2nd cycle90-120 ECTS

Peer review of QA Agency

Bachelor

1st cycle

180-240 ECTS

European Association of HEIs (EURASHE)

AssociateDegree+/- 120 ECTS

European QA Register

European Association for QA in HE (ENQA)


From internal to external quality assurance

From internal to external quality assurance


From internal to external quality assurance1

From internal to external quality assurance

  • Internal QA assurance

    • To achieve academic excellence (“improve”)

      • quality of teaching, learning, research and scholarship

    • To demonstrate achieved academic quality (“proof”)

    • To keep at the level of achieved quality

  • External QA assurance

    • To contribute to the enhancement of quality

    • To provide third-party information about quality

    • To support transparency


From internal to external quality assurance2

From internal to external quality assurance

Internal

quality

assurance

system

Assessment frameworks

External

quality

assurance

system

Institutional

level

Institutional

audit

Self-evaluation report

Self-evaluation report

Programme

level

Programme accreditation


Nvao s general principles

NVAO’s general principles

?

  • Open and inclusive approach

    • One framework for all assessments in a given type of procedures

      • E.g. one assessment framework for all types of initial accreditation

    • Fit for purpose (~appropriate burden)

  • Respect for institutional autonomy

    • Internal quality assurance system

    • Assessment in line with institutional choices on the basis of the relevant framework

      • Programme level

      • Institutional level


Nvao s framework principles

NVAO’s framework principles

  • Generic, descriptive standards

    ≠ Narrow, prescriptive and highly formulated

    • Broad acceptance

  • Focus on what should be done (~fitness of purpose)

    ≠ How they should be achieved

    • Do not dictate practice

  • Focus on teaching & learning (~education)

    • Incl. academic standards ≠ Research

    • Incl. professional orientation ≠ Service to society


  • The self evaluation report nl

    The self-evaluation report (NL)

    • Central documentation for External QA

      • Self-contained document – relatively brief

      • Basic information

        • Institution / programme details

    • Presents perspective shared by (internal) stakeholders

    • Addresses each standard in relevant framework

      • rationale, practice, ambition

    • Provide insight into strengths & weaknesses

      • Maximising strengths?

      • Converting weaknesses into strengths?

    • Mandatory annexes


    A aerden@nvao net @ aaerden www nvao net www qrossroads eu

    Thank you for your attention

    [email protected] - @AAerdenwww.nvao.net - www.qrossroads.eu


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