What role did nationalism play in the unification of Germany?.
Analyze Bismarck’s insistence on excluding Austria, Austria’s multinational empire, and the German states south of the Main River from German unification. What advantages for Germany did Bismarck see in this policy? What disadvantages did he foresee if they were admitted? Speculate where the political and military power would have been centered if all the German states had been allowed to join.
Describe the organization of the North German Confederation. What was the effect of this organization on Austria and the south German states?
What problems can you foresee in the creation of a new federal state such as Germany? What would be the reaction of the rulers of the smaller German states towards unification?