Emerging trends in ICT education

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Meoli Kashorda. Emerging trends in ICT education. 2. Agenda. TerminologyIT or ICT? Used interchangeablyWhat is driving demand for ICT education in Kenya ICT industry performance?Knowledge economy?ICT for Development (ICT4D)?Analyzing ICT education trends using a layered approach Some professional accreditation issues.
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Emerging trends in ICT education

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1. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 1 Emerging trends in ICT education Meoli Kashorda, Ph.D., MIEEE, MIET Professor, Faculty of Information Technology Strathmore University

2. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 2 Agenda Terminology IT or ICT? Used interchangeably What is driving demand for ICT education in Kenya ICT industry performance? Knowledge economy? ICT for Development (ICT4D)? Analyzing ICT education trends using a layered approach Some professional accreditation issues

3. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 3 What are Information Technologies? Big IT vs. Small it terms Big IT accepted by accreditation boards, IT professional associations, and academic community Big IT ? An Umbrella term Computer science, information systems, computer engineering and software engineering, and electronic engineering (including telecommunications) Small it ? Emerging IT degree programs No global accreditation standards yet! Kenya is still in the Big IT domain; the IT programs are really Information Systems programs Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) Kenya is still in the Big IT domain; the IT programs are really Information Systems programs Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET)

4. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 4 ICT degrees in Kenya

5. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 5 Developing IT Workforce or IT professionals? Both IT workforce and IT professionals required IT workforce Universities in Kenya now offer general IT courses IT professionals Developed in specialized IT degree programs (IT, EE, CS, IS) Limited IT resources in universities All private and public universities have an IT degree programLimited IT resources in universities All private and public universities have an IT degree program

6. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 6 What is driving demand for ICT professional education in Kenya? Demand by the students? Career Perceptions, Peer pressure, IT is ?cool? or real market data? Demand by local ICT industry? Growth of telecoms sector, Local IT systems, Global demand for ICT graduates? How are universities responding? Using market analysis data? Regional or Global demands? Students perceptions?

7. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 7 Convergence of telecommunications & computing Convergence of applications and services Networked applications everywhere Convergence of industries Telecommunications, broadcasting, and computing industries Convergence of regulation See proposed Kenya ICT bill Convergence of degree programs or greater specialization?

8. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 8

9. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 9 Knowledge Economy Index Notice India and China are not much better! Adopt the cluster, island or e-campus model. Notice India and China are not much better! Adopt the cluster, island or e-campus model.

10. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 10 So What ICT degree program is best? What advice for students? Bias of faculty? newspaper ads? Quality of programs? JAB What advice to universities? No market analysis data, no explicit ICT education policy What degree programs? What advice to government and industry? What is our ICT capacity? What should it be?

11. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 11 Use the Open Networking Model

12. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 12 Interconnection layer education Layers 1 & 2 of the OSI or Internet Layered models Supports classical telecommunication services (POTS, ISDN, Mobile, ADSL and associated data pipes) + computing hardware Electronic / computer engineering programs cover Interconnection layer knowledge elements Very specialized labs and faculty required High demand because of infrastructure expansion in Kenya Industry-university partnerships and linkages essential

13. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 13 Internetworking layer Internet technology will dominate all internetworking at this layer Teaching the TCP/IP protocol suite does not need advanced equipment Network management and new protocols for voice and video services (VoD and VoIP) Computer science, computer engineering, and electronic engineering, IT/IS degree programs necessary Is Cisco certification necessary? Are our University qualifications credible? High demand for graduates with above exit requirementsHigh demand for graduates with above exit requirements

14. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 14 Middleware Interoperability will continue to be very important for different applications Network Security issues Distributed processing environment (grid computing) Knowledge acquired in computer science, software engineering and some IT/IS degree programs. Advanced programming techniques and environments required. Hybrid programsHybrid programs

15. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 15 Networked Applications Applications layer represents the greatest opportunity for Kenya! Which graduates will create the applications for developing countries? Computer science, Information systems, IT, and software engineering, and electronic engineering graduates? Are our institutions ready?

16. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 16 Mobile and wireless applications Innovations in mobile applications in high demand in Africa Pre-paid service an African innovation Emerging SMS applications Mobile Internet applications Mobile e-commerce and e-learning applications Applications in tourism and agriculture? High level of software development proficiency required Certification of software developers and software houses! Incubate software development companies

17. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 17 What are additional IT graduate exit requirements? Communication skills ? oral and written This is a challenge globally Basic business and management skills Economics, accounting and finance Business organizations and planning Team building and Ethical practices Project design, implementation, and management skills Based on current needs ? mobile computing, networking, new software environments, CAD.

18. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 18 Are our graduates and universities ready? Do we have world-class specialized ICT labs? Do we have world class ICT faculty Anecdotal data suggests there is a severe shortage of doctoral-level ICT faculty Are our campuses fully networked? What about low Internet speeds?

19. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 19 How will ICT students be learning in future? Global Internet essential for degree and life-long learning Expect increased use of asynchronous learning networks and e-learning platforms Increased use of CAD and simulation environments Increased use of Virtual labs (see See the MIT iLabs project) More IT students will focus on the upper layers More jobs and entrepreneurial opportunities

20. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 20 Current IT faculty and Infrastructure challenges Limited active IT faculty pool in Kenya Lack of sufficient number of PhDs in IT in Kenya IT faculty are ?portable? and are in ?high demand? globally High cost of building and maintaining specialized IT labs to support IT programs Universities in the US are investing millions of dollars in laboratory facilities!! Adopt the Indian Centers of Excellence Model?

21. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 21 Networked Readiness Index 2004 and 2005 Ranks The teledensity for Mobile phones is now over 40 lines per 1000 people. Two mobile operators licensed Fixed operator is a monopoly The teledensity for Mobile phones is now over 40 lines per 1000 people. Two mobile operators licensed Fixed operator is a monopoly

22. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 22 The E-campus innovation It is an information systems enabled campus High degree of e-readiness for developing IT workforce and professionals Information systems = Information Technology + People + Processes Networked Applications for teaching, learning and educational administration World-class learning environment low NRI notwithstanding!

23. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 23 Quality and professional accreditation of ICT degrees International IT educational standards Professional bodies accredit IT departments (e.g., IEEE, IEE, ACM) Not aware of any EE & CS programs in Kenya with international accreditation Professional accreditation necessary for global IT quality assurance CHE provides institutional accreditation for private universities only Curriculum, faculty, and equipment inadequate? Curriculum, faculty, and equipment inadequate?

24. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 24 Opportunities for ICT graduates in Kenya and Africa! Kenyan and African customized applications do not yet exist? E-government applications need to be customized for Kenya and other countries Customized applications in agriculture, tourism and education will be in high demand Development environments will be setup in the government and in the private sector Demand for IT professionals with application development skills will increase Local/Global ICT jobs for the well prepared!

25. Meoli Kashorda Emerging trends in ICT education 25 END


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