Components of computer
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Components of Computer. Input. Any thing given to the computer is known as input such as instructions or data Converts raw data into electronic form. Input Devices: Giving Commands.

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Components of Computer

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Components of computer

Components of Computer



  • Any thing given to the computer is known as input such as instructions or data

  • Converts raw data into electronic form

Input devices giving commands

Input Devices: Giving Commands

Input devices are types of hardware that enable you to get programs, data, commands, and responses into the computer’s memory







  • Traditional

    • Looks like typewriter with extra keys

  • Non-traditional

    It is used for specific purpose

    • Fast food restaurants

    • Each key represents a food item rather than a character


Main Keyboard

Typewriter keys

Special command keys




  • Numeric Keys

    • Num Lock – toggle

    • On – numeric data & math symbols

    • Off – cursor movement

  • Cursor Movement Keys

Function Keys F1-F12

  • Give commands

  • Software specific

  • F1 is the help key in most programs.

Keyboard special keys


Caps Lock







KeyboardSpecial Keys

Components of computer

Shift:Output a capital letter or symbol when pressed along with an alphanumeric key.Select text for editing when pressed along with cursor movement keys.Ctrl:Produces different results depending on the program you are using.Ctrl key combinations provide shortcuts for menu commands.Alt:Produces different set of resultsIn windows, Alt key combinations enable you to navigate menus and dialog boxes without using mouse.

Types of keyboard

Types of Keyboard

Enhanced or Extended keyboard – Typically 101 keys laid out in the QWERTY fashion; connected to the computer by a serial cable

Cordless keyboard – Uses infrared or radio wave signals

Enhanced / Extended Keyboard


Types of keyboard1

Types of Keyboard

Ergonomic keyboard

Designed to help prevent damage to nerve tissues in the wrist and hand due to repeated motion.

It enables the user’s hands to remain positioned correctly while reducing bending and strain

Designed for people who type for extended period and suffer from wrist and hand fatigue.

Ergonomic Keyboard


Pointing devices

Pointing Devices

  • A mouse is a small, lightweight input device.

  • It is also called pointing device

  • Position a pointer / cursor on the screen

  • Controls drawing instruments in graphics applications

Pointing devices mouse

Pointing Devices Mouse

  • Types

    • Mechanical

    • Optical

    • Wireless

  • Features

    • Palm-sized

    • 1 or 2 buttons

    • Wheel

Components of computer


  • Contain a small rubber ball.

  • Ball rolls inside the case when you move the mouse on a flat surface.

  • Rollers and sensors send signals to the computer, telling distance, direction and speed of ball.


  • Emits a beam of light from its underside.

  • Uses the light’s reflection to judge the distance, direction and speed of its travel.


  • Give computer users cordless accessibility to their mice and to interact with their computer.

Ps 2 port

PS/2 Port

  • The color-coded PS/2 connection ports:

    • Purple for keyboard

    • Green for mouse

Other types of pointing devices

Other Types of Pointing Devices


Touch Screen

Pointing Stick



Touch Pad


Other pointing devices

Other Pointing Devices

  • Trackball

    • Upside-down mouse

    • Ball on top

    • Roll ball with hand

    • Requires less space than mouse

    • Laptop computers

  • Touchpad

    • Pressure-sensitive pad

    • Cursor moves as you slide your finger

    • Laptop computers

Other pointing devices1

Other Pointing Devices


  • Short lever

  • Handgrip

  • Distance and speed of movement control pointer position

Touch screens

Touch Screens

  • Human points to a selection on the screen

  • Touch Screen is a video display screen that receives input from touch of finger.

  • Types

    • Senses finger pressure

    • Light pen for pointing

Touch screens1

Touch Screens

  • Self-help stations

  • Easy to use

  • Where found

    • Malls

    • Government offices

    • ATM

    • Fast food restaurants

    • Drug stores

Pen based computing

Pen-based Computing

  • Small hand-held devices

  • Electronic pen (stylus)

    • Pointer

    • Handwritten input

  • Personal Digital Assistants (PDA)

Optical scanners

Optical Scanners

  • Optical recognition

  • Light beam scans input data

  • Most common type of source input

  • Document imaging – converts paper documents to electronic form

  • Converts scanned picture into characters – OCR

  • Exact computer-produced replica of original

Types of scanners

Types of Scanners

  • Flatbed

    • One sheet at a time

    • Scans bound documents

  • Sheetfeed

    • Motorized rollers

    • Sheet moves across scanning head

    • Small, convenient size

Types of scanners1

Types of Scanners

  • Handheld

    • Least expensive

    • Least accurate

    • Portable

    • Wide document causes problems

Bar code readers

Bar Code Readers

  • Read barcodes which are patterns of printed bars appear on product packaging.

  • Barcodes identify product and provide information about product such a price.

  • BCR emits a beam of light that is reflected by the bar code image.

  • Light sensitive detector identifies barcode image by recognizing bars.

  • BCR converts printed bars into a code the computer can understand.

  • Reader then feeds the data into the computer.

Voice input

Voice Input

  • Speech Recognition

    • Translating voice to text is a capability known as speech recognition.

  • Speech recognition devices

    • Input via a microphone

    • Voice converted to binary code

  • Problems

    • Speaker-dependent

    • Voice training

Voice input1

Voice Input

  • Discrete work systems

    • Understand isolated words

    • Pause between words

    • Difficult for dictation

  • Continuous work systems

    • Normal speaking pattern

    • Easy to use

    • Faster and easier to dictate

Digital cameras

Digital Cameras

  • Photos stored in electronic form

  • No film

  • Point and shoot

  • Edit



  • A digital camera designed to take digital photographs and transmit them over the internet.

  • (WEB CAMera) A video camera that attaches to a computer typically via USB or that is built into a laptop or desktop screen. It is used mostly for videophoning over networks such as Skype as well as to continuously monitor an activity and deliver the video to a Web server for public or private viewing.

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