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Pigs Rule!. Evaluating an Argument Power, Corruption and Language Title credit: Dr. K. Rowlands, CSUN Material adapted from Holt Literature & Language Arts, Fourth Course. Introduction. Discuss Lord Acton’s view: power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely.

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Pigs rule

Pigs Rule!

Evaluating an Argument

Power, Corruption and Language

Title credit: Dr. K. Rowlands, CSUN

Material adapted from Holt Literature & Language Arts, Fourth Course

Animal Farm


Introduction
Introduction

  • Discuss Lord Acton’s view: power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely.

  • Language has connotative and denotative meaning.

  • Language may be used to persuade and control.

  • Determining the credibility of an argument is an important skill.

Animal Farm


State a claim or opinion
State a Claim or Opinion

  • The major thrust or idea of the author.

  • Often the claim is stated in the form of a generalization, a broad statement that covers many situations.

Animal Farm


Supporting the claim
Supporting the Claim

  • Logical appeals- convincing reasons and evidence.

  • Emotional appeals- appeals to the heart rather than to the intellect.

  • Ethical appeals- appeals to one’s sense of right and wrong.

Animal Farm


Logical appeals
Logical Appeals

  • Facts

  • Statistics

  • Examples

  • Quotations or expert opinion

Animal Farm


Emotional appeals
Emotional Appeals

  • Loaded words, emotional connotations

  • Anecdotes, brief stories or personal accounts of an event

Animal Farm


Ethical appeals
Ethical Appeals

  • Appeal to one’s sense of right and wrong.

  • Are they credible? What is their motive?

Animal Farm


How comprehensive is the support
How Comprehensive Is the Support?

  • The author or speaker must provide sufficient evidence to back up generalizations.

  • If the argument is filled with emotional appeals but no relevant evidence, it is possible that no evidence exists to support the claim.

Animal Farm


Author s intent or purpose
Author’s Intent or Purpose

  • Does the author present a reasoned, objective argument?

  • Does the author have a biased interest in the topic?

Animal Farm


Tone

  • The author’s intent affects tone.

  • Tone filled with anger may indicate an argument based on more emotion than evidence.

Animal Farm


Practice analyze a speech for appeals to logic emotion and ethics
Practice! Analyze a Speech for Appeals to Logic, Emotion and Ethics

  • List all the appeals in Chief Tecumseh’s address to General William Henry Harrison

Reading by Arthur S. Junaluska

Artist Unknown

Animal Farm


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