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Literary Terms. I can list and define!!!. Figurative Language Terms: comparisons. Metaphor – comparison of two essentially different things as if they are identical. The snow was a white blanket over the ground

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Literary terms

Literary Terms

I can list and define!!!

Figurative language terms comparisons
Figurative Language Terms: comparisons

  • Metaphor – comparison of two essentially different things as if they are identical.

    • The snow was a white blanket over the ground

  • Simile – comparison of two essentially different things using a word of comparison.

    • The people reacted like pigeons going after bread crumb to the bargains on the counter.

  • Personification – a figure of speech in which an object or animal is spoken of as if it had human feelings, thoughts, or actions.

    • The clerk’s feather duster danced across the display.

Figures of speech sound devices
Figures of Speech: Sound Devices

  • Alliteration – the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.

    • The crowd pressed closely together in the cramped corridor.

  • Onomatopoeia – using of words whose sounds suggest their meanings.

    • Crash, boom, buzz, whisper, howl, gurgle

  • Rhyme Scheme – the pattern of ending sounds in lines (rhyming).

    • To show rhyme scheme, use a different letter to label each line that ends with a new sound

  • Rhythm – the musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables or by the repetition of certain other sound patterns.

    • Jack and Jill went up the hill

    • To fetch a pail of water

Literary terms i
Literary Terms I

  • Idiom – an expression that means something different from the literal meaning of the words.

    • It’s raining cats and dogs.

  • Analogy – a literal comparison made between two things to show how they are alike.

    • His father was very much like his grandfather.

  • Imagery – use of language that appeals to the senses.

    • The ruby red slippers of Dorothy Gale in Oz.

Literary terms ii
Literary Terms II

  • Hyperbole – an extreme exaggeration.

    • When I was young I had to walk to school ten miles uphill each way.

  • Irony – a contrast between expectation and reality

  • Narrative voice – the speaker of the poem, not to be confused with the poet.

  • Colloquial Language – the use of vocabulary that is part of everyday speech, often including slang



Sound and Sense

Poetry is like music
Poetry is like music

  • Reading just the lyrics is not enough. We need the sound as well.

  • Good poems create their own music.

    • Samuel Taylor Coleridge – “the best words in their best order.”

    • How did he do this?

In Zanadu did Kubla Khan

A stately pleasure-dome decree;

Where Alph, the sacred river, ran

Through caverns measureless to man

Down to a sunless sea.

Poetry terms i
Poetry Terms I

  • Repetition – the use of the same word or words more than once in a line or group of lines.

    • Refer to “Artist to Artist” by Davida Adedjouma

  • Free Verse – a poem written without a set pattern of rhyme, meter, or line length. Poets use words and images to help make free verse feel different from regular sentences or prose.

  • Stanza –a group of lines in a poem. Usually, the lines in a stanza are related to each other in the same way the sentences of a paragraph go together.

Poetry terms ii
Poetry Terms II

  • Sound Effects

    • rhythm (or beat) – the patterned repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables

    • rhyme – the repetition of accented vowel sounds

      • usually at the ends of words

    • alliteration – the repetition of initial consonant sounds in words close together

      • consonance -- the repetition of consonant sounds within words.

      • assonance – the repetition of vowel sounds within words

    • onomatopoeia – use of words whose sounds suggest their meanings

    • cacophony -- use of harsh, unpleasant sounds

      • euphony – use of pleasing sounds